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18th August 2018 The Hindu Editorial Analysis under 10 mins series
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Malnutrition, under-nourishment, fortification policies in India

Shobana Shermeelee
Hi . Im an UPSC personal coach with 4 years experience . I love studying and teaching .I'm a public speaker , engineer ,media person

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thank you so much sir dil see dhanyawaad aapko 🙏🙏.. and sir wo boht funny tha jb aapne bola parwachan nii chal rha h. .😂😂😂sir aap boht hi jyada cute g ho or boht jyada ache☺☺
Pratiyogita Mantra
9 months ago
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madam plese do full editorial topics
Hi Gopu. This course will cover all the relevant & important editorials from the exam point of view strictly according to syllabus . Other editorials are not important . Thanks
  1. 18th Aug 2018 THE HINDU Editorial Analysis ha ii


  2. No child left behind 0 e The urgency to address poor nutrition among children, adolescent girls and women is re-confirmed in virtually every survey-from NFHS-4 in 2015-16 (the latest available information) the Global Nutrition Report 2016 and the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2017, which ranks India a 100 out of 119 countries, with a low overall score of 31 Among children less than 5 years, wasting (low weight for height), continues to be 21% in the 2017 index-it was 20% in 199 been a reduction in stunting (height forage)-from 61.9% in 1992 to 38.4% in 2017, reported in the GHI 2017 2 there has . Mortality among children less than 5 years old has declined to around 5% from 11% during the same period, a g to both the GHI and the


  3. NFHS. However, 25% of India's children less than 5 years old are still malnourished Also 190.7 million people in India sleep hungry every night, and over half of adolescent girls and women are anaemic, and the conclusion is obvious-despite a 7% compound annual growth rate over the ast decade and the various programmes to improve n under-nutrition are unacceptably higlh ition levels of o The recently announced flagship program of the Ministry omen and Child Development will be anchored through the National Nutrition Mission (NNM), or Poshan Abhiyaan, with its own specific budget of Rs. 9,046 crore and a proposed World Bank loan of $200 million, to e convergence among the various programmes of the government


  4. Additionally, NITI Aayog has worked on a National Nutrition Strategy (NNS), isolated the 1 prioritised those for interventions 00 most bac w ard districts for stunting and . The special attention to nutrition was highlighted in 2008 wheg the Prime Minister's National Council on India's Nutrition Challenges was constituted. A detailed report, "Addressing India's was submitted in 2010 by the Planning Commission, the convergence of an extensive and multi-sector consultation. But nothing changed significantly utritio n Challenges . Seen in this context, the overhaul of capacity and capability in thr existing programmes, designed to reach populations most at ris be the first priority-namely, the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), with its network of 1.4 SHou ld Anganwadi Centres,


  5. ...conomic data. It is interesting to note that the National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB), esta lished in 1972, was dissolved in 2015 . To simplify a complex issue, the challenge for India is to simultaneously address insufficient and poor diets, inadequate hygiene and sanitation and better management of disease and infections Success in this domain will be driven by coordinated acon on multiple fronts, but there are at least three urgent priorities One, to adequately re-engineer the ICDS, MDM and PDS f effectiveness. This is an ideal initiative for public-private partnerships as the strength of good private sector companies is in creating and designing frameworks, structures, processes and metrics for actio implementation and tracking ater


  6. For example, involving the best nutritionists to work with local communities on calorie and nutr tion dense supplementary foods, using easily available local ingredients that are within the ICDS and MDM budget guidelines, and produced by self-help groups, could easily be anchored by the relevant private sector and development agencies, working with State governments, and considered a corporate social responsibility initiative . The key advantages of this disaggregated supply model are that it engages local communities, generates employment ande leakage as it works with and inside the community. This will also ensure that space and other constraints of lack of hygiene at Anganwadi Centres do not become impediments in the supply of nutritious minimal od Two, to mandate and scale staple food fortification comprising edibl


  7. ...oil, wheat, rice and dairy products, in addition to salt. There is persuasive evidence from several ountries of the efficacy and cost- effectiveness of large-scale staple food fortification to address "hidden hunger" or micro-nutrient deficiencies The effectiveness of iodised salt in significantly reducing iodine deficiency is well-established in India empirically. nutrient fortified food is that it does not entail a chang Considerable work will also have to be done to make fortified rice and wheat available through the PDS he suC cess of micro in behaviour. This requires addressing the supply chain capability to deliver- another excellent PPP initiative, that has been piloted in several States for oil and wheat flour and can easily be replicated edib le


  8. A case in point is the mandate of July and August 2017 to use fortified oil, salt and wheat flour in the IC S and MDM by the Ministries of Women and Child Development and Human Resource Development, respectively. In the absence of coordination with industry to create an effective supply chain, this proposed intervention will be another missed opportunity . Three, multiple campaigns designed to inform, commucate and educate on nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive behaviours like breast feeding, diet diversity, hand-washing, de-worming, sa water, hygiene and sanitation. Nutrition has to be "marketed" and made interesting, engaging, simple and personally relevant rinking Nutrition is complex, and therefore its delivery must be simplified through greater awareness and actions. The delivery models must be .


  9. ...collaborative across domains, with clear decision rights and hard- wired processes, enabled by tech ology and a significant investment in strengthening people competencies . Unless economic growth improves social an human development, it cannot be sustained. Equally, economic growth itself is impeded by low levels of productivity in an under-nourished and population our ished