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2nd December: PIB Summary in Hindi in <10 minutes for UPSC CSE
Sri Aurobindo (15 August 1872 – 5 December 1950) was an Indian nationalist, philosopher, yogi, guru and poet. He joined the Indian movement for independence from British rule, for a while was one of its influential leaders and then became a spiritual reformer, introducing his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution. Sri Aurobindo’s action and direct participation in the freedom movement lasted for a very brief period from 1906 to 1910. But these few years changed the entire outlook of the country and the goal of complete independence, “Swaraj” was planted firmly for the first time in the national consciousness. Sri Aurobindo through his fiery writings in Bande Mataram transformed the negative impulse into revolutionary nationalistic fervour, full of positive rajasic energy. He gave a spiritual orientation to the freedom movement with the religious ideas of Nation as the divine Mother, call for self-sacrifice to Mother India and the political freedom of India as a pre-condition for fulfilling the spiritual destiny of India.