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21st February 2019 Part-2: Daily News Analysis
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Vienna Convention on Consular Relations

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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  1. want fo be start but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base 1. Page 1: Anil Ambani, RCom guilty of contempt of court, rules SC 2. Page 1: India pitches for global action against terrorism ph reve 3. Page 10: Terror attack horrible: Trump 4. Page 10: French envoy confirms push against Jaish chief 5. Page 10: Wuzhen meet to discuss attack 6. Page 10: NIA takes over Pulwama case, names Jaish in FIR cause ferent 7. Page 10: 'Pak. has no case against Jadhav' 8. Page 11: 'Crucial for India, Pakistan to work closely together to go after terrorists' 9. Page 1&13: 48,239 crore package for 12 banks cleared 10. Page 7: 'Biggest ever' Aero India opens with tribute to deceased pilot pu kand stay 11. Page 7: Tejas, world's lightest fighter, is 'battle ready' 12. Page 7: Where are the green crackers: SC sel Page 1 3 : "NPA recovery totouch 1.8 lakh crore in FY 19,

  2. want fo be start but th Page 10: Pak, has no case against Jadhav' The judicial review process available to Kulbhushan Jadhav in Pakistan was "hopelessly insufficient," while Islamabad was basing its case entirely on claims around a passport and an "extracted confession," India's counsel Harish Salve told the International Court of Justice. He began the second round of oral arguments in the hearings, with a sharp attack on the tone and content of Pakistan's presentation. Concluding the session, Joint Secretary Deepak Mittal called on the court to adjudicate on an "egregious" breach of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, and to order that Mr. Jadhav be given consular access. y has reve. . ink h cause t ferent And if the court was not able to annul the verdict of the military court and order his release, he called on it to annul the military court verdict and order a civilian trial through the ordinary courts, after excluding the extracted confession from evidence and providing him with consular access. India insists that contrary to Pakistan's contention, the Vienna convention is not subject to exceptions on any grounds-including national security and espionage. Speaking outside the court, Pakistan's counsel Khawar Qureshi accused India of failing to answer any questions and of engaging in "deflection, diversion and propaganda." uy, Ivis kand stay .

  3. want fo be start but th .The Vienna Convention on Consular Relations of 1963 It is an international treaty that defines a framework for consular relations between independent states A consul performs two functions: protecting in the host country the interests of their countrymen, and furthering the relations between the two states Consular and Diplomat work out of the same premises, and under this treaty they are afforded most of the same privileges. Immunity given to consular is similar to diplomat. ree . .The treaty has been ratified by 179 states. ink h cause ferent Protection of consular premises The Host State shall, even in case of armed conflict, respect and protect the consular premises, together with the property of the consular post and the consular archives The sending State may entrust the custody of the consular premises, together with the property contained therein and the consular archives, to a third State acceptable to the receiving State PLI kand stay .

  4. want fo be start but th The sending State may entrust the protection of its interests and those of its nationals to a third State acceptable to the receiving State. . Person declared non grata persona non grata or that any other member of the consular staff is not acceptable. or terminate his functions with the consular post. p The receiving State may at any time notify the sending State that a consular officer is rev he In that event, the sending State shall, as the case may be, either recall the person concerned If the sending State refuses or fails within a reasonable time to recall the person, the receiving State may, as the case may be, either withdraw the exequatur from the person concerned or cease to consider him as a member of the consular staff, ink h cause ferent . pu kand stay

  5. Page 1: Anil Ambani, RCom guilty of contempt of court, rules SC (GSM 2- Polity and Governance) The Supreme Court found Reliance Communications Ltd. (RCom) and its chairman Anil Ambani and two other group firms guilty of contempt of court, observing that the defendants 0 p had adopted a "cavalier attitude" despite the court's best efforts to "lend a helping hand" to he g pay offdues worth 550 crore to Swedish telecommunications equipment major Ericsson The Bench ordered RCom to "purge" the contempt by paying a balance of 5453 crore of dues to Ericsson within four weeks. If not, Mr. Ambani, along with Reliance Telecom Ltod. (RTL) chairperson Satish Seth and Reliance Infratel Ltd. (RITL) chairperson Chhaya Virani, would each have to serve a sentence of three months' imprisonment .The court said the three chairpersons had given "conditional" undertakings on behalf of their respective companies in order to "wriggle" out of the commitment to the court .Their undertakings had said the money would be paid on condition of the sale of assets of the company. Their action was contrary to earlier unconditional undertakings given by the authorised persons of the three companies to the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal NCLAT) in May last.

  6. want fo be start but th The Bench ruled that the chairpersons' undertakings were neither as per the court's orders nor in accordance with the earlier ones given in the NCLAT. . . The court also ordered the three companies to pay the Supreme Court registry a fine of fl crore each within four weeks. In case of default on payment of the fine, the chairpersons of p the three companies would have to spend a month in jail. rev The Bench, in its 41-pagejudgment, dismissed the defendants' "unconditional apology" for disobeving the court's orders . The court also dismissed RCom's argument that the sale of spectrum to Reliance Jio, led by Mr. Ambani's elder brother Mukesh Ambani, had failed to fructify because the Department of Telecommunications had refused to give a no-objection certificate. The dispute stemmed from an agreement between Ericsson and RCom in January 2013 whereby Ericsson agreed to provide RCom managed services like operation, maintenance, ur and management of RCom's network. The Bench pointed out how Ericsson had raised invoices from time to time in consideration of the services provided, but had received no payment from RCom. ink h cause t ferent . kand stay The Bench noted that R118 crore had already been deposited in the court's Registry and directed that this be handed over to Ericsson within a week.

  7. want fo be start but th Constitution Checlk Contempt of Court Article 129, of the Constitution of India, states that "The Supreme Court shall be a court or record and shall have all the powers of such a court including the power to punish for contempt of itself" 5: High Courts to be courts of record.-Every High Court shall be a court of record ree Art.215: and shall have all the powers of such a court including the power to punish for contempt of itself. What is contempt of court? ink h cause ferent It is the offense of being disobedient to or disrespectful toward a court of law and its officers in the form of behavior that opposes or defies the authority, justice and dignity of the court. pu Contempt of Courts Act of 1971 kand stay The Act defines two types of contempt 1. Civil contempt 2. Criminal contempt

  8. want fo be start but th .Civil contempt is the wilful disobedience to any judgment, decree, direction, order, writ or other process of a court or wilful breach of an undertaking given to a court. Criminal contempt is the publication (whether by words, spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise) of any matter or the doing of any other act p whatsoever which: he* (i) Scandalises or tends to scandalise, or lowers or tends to lower the authority of, any court, rev or (ii) Prejudices, or interferes or tends to interfere with the due course of any judicial proceeding, or (iii) Interferes or tends to interfere with, or obstructs or tends to obstruct, the administration of justice in any other manner. ink h cause PLI Punishment Under Section 12 of Contempt of Court Act, 1971, a contempt of court can be punished simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to two thousand rupees, or with both kand stay

  9. want fo be start but th Page 1: India pitches for global action against terrorism . Sponsors of terrorism and safe havens for terrorists should face all possible pressure from the international community, Prime Minister said, welcoming Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman during his visit to India y ha Addressing a press conference, the visiting dignitary said his country would share eintelligence with India and other countries that were willing to fight terrorism A joint statement mentioned the attack, saying both leaders "condemned, in the strongest terms, the recent terrorist attack on Indian security forces on 14 February, 2019, in Pulwama in Jammu and Kashmir." The Crown Prince said ties with India were in the blood of the Saudi people. ink h cause ferent . "We have common goals in energy and agriculture and we will diversify this spirit to other pu sectors," he said. The MEA announced that on request from the Indian leader the Crown Prince ordered the release of850 prisoners from Saudi jails before his visit came to an end. Saudi Arabia said it had achieved many goals in petrochemical sector since 2016 which also uy, Ivis kand stay had a potential for investing $100 billion

  10. want fo be start but th A joint statement issued at the end of the visit, agreed to expedite the work for the $44 billion West Coast Refinery and Petrochemical Project. . The visit is the first by the Saudi dignitary who is known to have brought in a new vision to the oil-rich economy . reeMr. Modi described Saudi Arabia as one of India's most valuable strategic partners The joint statement urged for early adoption of the UN Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism and pitched for "comprehensive sanctioning of terrorists and their organisations by the UN." Both sides also resolved to create a "Comprehensive Security Dialogue" consisting of cause ferent Both National Security Advisers and set up a Joint Working Group on Counter Terrorism. Both sides also launched a Strategic Partnership Council that will be led by the Prime Minister , and the Crown Prince. During the visit of Mohammed Bin Salman, SaudiArabia joined the International Solar Alliance (ISA). Parrshin Counciltihat wil h and the Crown Prine kand stay .

  11. want fo be start but th Page 10: Terror attack horrible: Trum U.S. President Donald Trump has described as "horrible" the deadly terror attack by the Jaish-e-Mohammed in Pulwama, as his administration offered full support to India to combat terrorism and asked Islamabad to punish anyone responsible for the "heinous act". rump told that it would be "wonderful" if the two South Asian neighbours gotalong. rev . At a separate news conference, the State Department said the U.S. had been in close communication with the Indian government "to express not only our condolences but our strong support." 95 ink h The US called on all countries to uphold their responsibilities pursuant to the United Nations Security Council resolutions to deny safe haven and support for terrorists The U.S. said it was committed to working with India, the Indian government, and on these p counter-terrorism efforts, both bilaterally and multilaterally, including at the United Nations as it has a close, cooperative relationship with India, a security relationship, and that included counter-terrorism operations kand stay

  12. want fo be start but th Page 10: French envoy confirms push against Jaish chief Ambassador of France to India Alexandre Ziegler said that his country was pushing to put Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) chief Masood Azhar on the UN sanctions list. . This will be the second time that France will put forth its proposal at the United Nations. In 2017, France, supported by the United States and the United Kingdom, had moved a reve proposal at the UN Sanctions Committee 1267 to get Azhar declared as a global terrorist, but it was blocked by China. India's attempts to list Azhar at the UN Security Council have been repeatedly blocked by China at the behest of Pakistan. . cause ferent JeM had claimed responsibility for the February 14 Pulwama terror attack in which 40 CRPIF personnel lost their lives pu kand stay

  13. want fo be start but th Page 10: Wuzhen meet to discuss attack India and China are expected to hold their first high-level talks on the Pulwama terror attack on February 27, when External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj meets her counterparts from Beijing and Moscow in Wuzhen. So far, Chinese officials have interacted with their Indian counterparts in the UN to discuss rev he the Pulwama incident. Chinese Foreign Ministry stressed that the three Foreign Ministers would pursue the "consensus" reached in November by the leaders of the three countries during their informal meeting on the sidelines of the G-20 summit in Argentina. Asked what additional proof China required to impose a UN ban on JeM leader Masood Azhar, China said it was aware that 1267 committee of the Security Council has clear rules pui of procedure when it comes to designation of terrorists and terrorist organisations, and o this issue, it would adopt a constructive attitude to work with all sides ink h cause ferent PLI kand stay

  14. want fo be start but th Page 10: NIA takes over Pulwama case, names Jaish in FIR . The National Investigation Agency (NIA) took over the probe in the Pulwama terror attack case and named Pakistan-based terror outfit Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) in the First Information Report. A senior official said Jaish chief Masood Azhar has not been named in the FIR as yet, as it rev he was only a preliminary report and the NIA was only re-registering the case filed by the J&K police. His role in the attack is being actively investigated. Meanwhile, India's High Commissioner to Pakistan Ajay Bisaria met Home Minister Rajnath Singh and is learnt to have briefed him about the efforts made by India to isolatene Pakistan globally in the wake of the terror attack that killed 40 CRPF personnel on February cause ferent PLI An official said that there was no point in giving any more dossiers to Pakistan on the involvement of Pakistan-based terror outfits in attacks here. kand stay In the past, they have not acted on any such document. He said India will convince the rest of the world about Pakistan's role in the Pulwama attack

  15. want fo be start but th Page 7: Tejas, world's lightest fighter, is 'battle ready' Mark I (MkI) Tejas, the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) designed and developed in India, overcame its last hurdle by finally bagging what is called the FOC certification. The FOC or final operational clearance, coming on the first day of Aero India 2019, certifies ree that the world's lightest fighter plane is ready for battle." Ready to start . Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) is also ready to start producing 16 LCAs in the improved FOC version, HAL Chairman and Managing Director (C&MD) R.Madhavan said. The first 16 are almost fully delivered. With an LCA prototype in the background, Secretary, Defence R&D, Dr. G. Satheesh Reddy, declared the aircraft FOC compliant ink h cause ferent pu kand stay

  16. want fo be start but th Page 7: Where are the green crackers: SC Four months after it banned polluting firecrackers, the Supreme Court realised that the concept of non-polluting 'green crackers' remains a non-starter, while its ban has affected the livelihood of four lakh workers and resulted in the closure of 974 firecracker units in Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu, alone. reve.The SC questioned the Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO) and the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) on green crackers. The court refused to accept submissions that the finalisation of the formula for green crackers and passing it on to manufacturers would take another three months. . . Justice Sikri said the October 23 ban and the insistence on green crackers were meant to stop cause t ferent pollution and, at the same time, ensure that livelihoods were not affected. He observed that the court had ordered the ban under the belief that a formula for non-polluting crackers was in place. PLI On October 31, the Supreme Court had, on an application from Tamil Nadu, clarified that kand stay only green crackers could be made henceforth across the country. This meant that no polluting crackers could be made after the factories sent out the existing stock. The mandatory manufacture and sale of green crackers was implemented in the National Capital Region with immediate effect from last year itself.

  17. .dI 8196 11:56 Thank you Jatin Verma 155k Followers Follow Ratings & Reviews Roman Saini A great course by Jatin Verma where he has literally covered all the important news from The Hindu. Must watch. Mohit Rai If i achieve my aim, my first salary will go to this great individual making this great informative and well-researched videos. I should take this opportunity to thanlk and congratulate him for the wonderful work he is doing for all the aspirants. He is meticulous and almost perfect in his approach and understanding. Please keep making such videos as a single 26k Enrollments Enroll