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Polity & Governance: Local Bodies-1
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Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

Unacademy user
UP, Bihar, maharashtra, karnataka, andhrapradesh , telangana, jammu & kashmir
If a Panchayat is dissolved , a fresh election was to be completed within a period of six months from the date of dissolution
Local self government can be best explained as exercise of democratic decentralization.
democratic decentralisation
sir plzz continue the series ..if u start
  1. 2/25/19 LOCAL GOVT. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved unacademy


  2. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved CONTENTS Role of Local govt. o Evolution of Local govt. o Panchayats o District Rural Development o National Capital Territory of Delhi o Scheduled Areas PESA, 1996 O o Tribal Areas o Forest Rights Act, 2006 o Gandhiji's Concentric Agenc o Municipalities o 2nd ARC Recommendations o District Collector o Co-operative Societies o Union Territories Circles Model unacademy 2/25/19


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  5. General Information o Current Affairs Magazine now available on Amazon.in and Flipkart NOW YOU CAN BUY OUR CURRENT FFAS MAGAZINE ONLINE AT 201. IAS ara, with JATIN VERMA Current Affairs amazon.isaieE Magazine Polity &Governance ny


  6. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Strengthens democracy Grass roots level govt. Closest govt to people More accountable Protects local interests of the people LOCAL GOVT Ensures active participation of people Efficient administration Cheaper for people Time saving for people People friendly administration unacademy 2/25/19


  7. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved 2017 Q) Local self-government can be best explained as an exercise in A. Federalism B. Democratic decentralisation c. Administrative delegation D. Direct democracy unacademy 2/25/19


  8. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Evolution of Local govt. - Pre-independence Lord Mayo's resolution of 1870 supported decentralisation of financial and administrative powers to local govt. Lord Rippon's resolution of 1882 introduced local self govt. Royal Commission on Decentralisation, 1907 stressed on creation of village panchayats and municipalities with financial autonomy and the system of elections Montague-Chelmsford Reforms, 1919 brought 7 local govts under Indian ministers Govt. of India Act of 1935 declared local self- government a provincial subject unacademy 2/25/19


  9. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Local Govt. Panchayats (Rural Areas) Municipalities (Urban areas) unacademy 2/25/19


  10. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved PANCHAYATS PART IX- ARTICLES 243 -243O unacademy 2/25/19


  11. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Evolution of Panchayats- Post-independence Balwant Rai Mehta Committee Ashok Mehta Committee L M G V K Rao Committee Singhvi Committee Creation of Ministry of Panchayati Raj PESA Act, 1996 73rd Amendment Act, 1992 unacademy 2/25/19


  12. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Balwant Rai Mehta Comittee o This committee was appointed by the Gol to examine the working of the Community Development Programme (1952) and the National Extension Service (1953) o It submitted its report in 1957 and recommended the following: Three tier panchayati raj system- gram panchayat, panchayat samiti a. b. Direct elections to village panchayats and indirect elections to the c. Panchayat samiti to be the executive body while zila parishad, the d. Transfer of power and resources for democratic decentralisation. and zila parishad, linked through indirect elections. higher levels advisory body unacademy 2/25/19 12


  13. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved GVKRao Committee o This committee was appointed by the Planning Commission in 1985 o It submitted its report in 1986 and made the following recommendations (a) Zila Parishad be made the principal body for all programmes (b) PRIs at the district and lower levels be given significant roles in planning, implementation and monitoring of rural development programmes. (c) State level functions be decentralised (d) District Development Commissioner to be CEO of Zila Parishad (e) Elections to PRIs be held regularly. unacademy 2/25/19 14


  14. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved 73rd Amendment Act, 1992 o Added Part-IX and articles 243 to 2430 to the Constitution. o Added Eleventh schedule to the Constitution o Practically implemented Article 40 to organise village panchayats. o Contains two kinds ofprovisions- [i] compulsory provisions which have to be incorporated in state laws [ii] Voluntary provisions which are optional for states o Transferred representative democracy into participatory democracy unacademy 2/25/19 16


  15. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Definitions o "Gram Sabha" means a body consisting of persons registered in the electoral rolls relating to a village comprised within the area of Panchavat at the village level o "Intermediate level" means a level between the village and district district levels specified by the Governor of a State by public notification to be the intermediate level unacademy 2/25/19 17


  16. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243C o The ratio between the population of the territorial area of a Panchayat at any level and the number of seats in such Panchayat to be filled by election shall, so far as practicable, be the same throughout the State o The ratio between the population of each constituency and the number of seats allotted to it shall, so far as practicable, be the same throughout the Panchayat area. unacademy 2/25/19 20


  17. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243D - Reservation of seats o Seats reserved for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) and chairpersons of the Panchayats at all levels also shall be reserved for SCs and STs in proportion to their population. o The state legislature can provide for reservation of office of chairperson in panchayat at any level for SCs and STs o One-third of the total number of seats to be reserved for women. o One-third of the seats reserved for SCs and STs also reserved for women o One-third offices of chairpersons at all levels reserved for women. o The state legislature can provide for reservation of seats or of office of chairperson in panchayat at any level for backward classes. unacademy 2/25/19 21


  18. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243E - Duration of Panchayats o Uniform five year term of office at every level o Elections to constitute new bodies to be completed before the expiry of the term of five years. o In the event of dissolution, elections compulsorily within six months unacademy 2/25/19


  19. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved 2016 o Consider the following statements: 1.The minimum age prescribed for any person to be a member of Panchayat is 25 years 2.A Panchavat reconstituted after premature dissolution continues only for the remainder period Which of the statements given above is/ are correct? A. 1 only B. 2 only C. Both 1 and 2 D. Neither 1 nor 2 unacademy 2/25/19 25


  20. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243G Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats o The State Legislature may endow the Panchayats with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as institutions of self-government, o Such law may contain provisions for the devolution of powers and responsibilities upon Panchavats at the appropriate level, subject to such conditions as may be specified therein, with respect to a) the preparation of plans for economic development and social iustice the implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice b) unacademy 2/25/19 26


  21. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243H- Taxes and Funds o The State Legislature may (a) authorise a Panchayat to levy, collect and appropriate such taxes, duties, tolls and fees in accordance with such procedure and subject to such limits; (b) assign to a Panchayat such taxes, duties, tolls and fees levied and collected by the State Government for such purposes and subject to such conditions and limits; (c) provide for making such grants in aid to the Panchayats from the Consolidated Fund of the State; and (d) provide for constitution of such Funds for crediting all moneys received, respectively, by or on behalf of the Panchayats and also for the withdrawal of such moneys therefrom, as may be specified in the law unacademy 2/25/19 27


  22. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 2431- State Finance Commissiorn o The State Legislature may by law provide for 1. Composition of the Commission Qualifications of members of the Commission 2. 3. Manner of selection of its members 4. Their procedure 5. Exercise of powers in the performance of their functions o The Governor shall place the SFC's report and an explanatory memorandum on the actions taken before the State Legislature. unacademy 2/25/19 29


  23. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243J D Audit of Accounts of Panchayats o The State Legislature shall provide for 1. Maintenance of accounts of Panchayats 2. Auditing of accounts unacademy 2/25/19 30


  24. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243K- Elections to Panchavats o State Election Commission shall conduct elections to Panchayats. o The governor shall appoint State Election Commissioner o The Governor shall determine the conditions of service and tenure of office of the State Election Commissioner o State Election Commissioner shall not be removed from his office except in like manner and on the like grounds as a o The conditions of service of the State Election Commissioner o On the request of the SEC, the governor shall make available o The State Legislature shall make laws for all matters of High Court Judge shall not be varied to his disadvantage after his appointment. such staff as is necessary for the discharge of its functions elections to Panchayats. unacademy 2/25/19 31


  25. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243L- Application to Union territories o The provisions of the Part IX shall apply to the Union territories. o The President may, by public notification, direct that the provisions shall apply to any Union territory or part thereof subject to such exceptions and modifications as he may specify in the notification. unacademy 2/25/19 32


  26. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 2430- Interference by Courts o The Courts are barred from interfering in electoral matters such as the validity of any law relating to the delimitation of constituencies or the allotment of seats to such constituencies. o No election to any Panchayat can be called in question except by an election petition as provided under any law made by the Legislature of a State. unacademy 2/25/19 35


  27. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Compulsory provisions o Organisation of Gram sabha o Establishment of three tier panchayat system o Direct elections to all tiers o Indirect elections of chairperson at intermediate and district levels o Minimum age for elections- 21 vears o Reserva en at all tiers. o Duration of 5 vears and holding elections within 6 months in tions for SCs, STs and won case of supersession o State Election Commission to hold elections o State Finance Commission every five vears to review financial position of Panchayats. unacademy 2/25/19 36


  28. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Voluntary provisions o Representation to MPs and MLAs at all levels falling within their constituencies. o Reservation of backward classes o Devolving powers and authority to panchayats to plan for economic development and social justice o Making Panchayats autonomous institutions o Financial powers to levy, collect and appropriate taxes, duties, tolls and fees. unacademy 2/25/19 37


  29. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved DRDA District Rural Development Agency unacademy 2/25/19 4


  30. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved DRDA o The District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) has traditionally been the principal organ at the District level to oversee the implementation of different anti-poverty programmes. Since its inception, the administrative costs of the DRDAs were met by way of setting apart a share of the allocations for each programme o Each district will have its own District Rural Development Agency unacademy 2/25/19 41


  31. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Role and functions o overseeing the implementation of different programmes o ensure effective utilisation of the funds intended for antipoverty o secure inter-sectoral and inter-departmental coordination and o facilitating and supporting organisation to the Zilla Parishad, o over-seeing whether the intended beneficiaries are receiving the o keep the Zilla Parishad, the State and the Central Government duly programmes coorperation for reducing poverty in the district providing necessary executive and technical support in respect of poverty reduction efforts benefits under the different programmes nformed of the progress of the implementation of the programmeS through periodic reports in the prescribed formats unacademy 2/25/19 42


  32. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved 2015 o Khap panchayats have been in the news for functioning as extra constitutional authorities, often delivering pronouncements amounting to human right violation:s. Discuss critically the actions taken by the legislative, executive and judiciary to set the things right in this regard. unacademy 2/25/19 46


  33. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved MUNICIPLALITIES PART IX-A: ARTICLES 243-P- 243-ZG unacademy 2/25/19 4


  34. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243Q- Constitution of Municipalities o There shall be constituted in every State, (a) a Nagar Panchayat (by whatever name called) for a transitional area, that is to say, an area in transition from a rural area to an urban area (b) a Municipal Council for a smaller urban area; and (c) a Municipal Corporation for a larger urban area o A Municipality cannot be constituted in an area which has been declared by the governor as an industrial township. unacademy 2/25/19 50


  35. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243R- Composition of Municipalities o All the seats in a Municipality shall be filled by persons chosen by direct election from the territorial constituencies in the Municipal area o For this purpose each Municipal area shall be divided into territorial constituencies to be known as wards. o The State Legislature may provide for the manner of election of the Chairperson of a Municipality unacademy 2/25/19 52