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Polity & Governance: Local Government Part-3
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Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

Unacademy user
hello sir , please Airforce ke liye video banaye sabhi lessons per
Nikhil Kumar
5 months ago
Okay sure Prayansh. Kaun se subject p ap course chahte ho? Message me bta do
Prayansh TIWARI
5 months ago
sir, English par
Prayansh TIWARI
5 months ago
sir, English par
Prayansh TIWARI
5 months ago
sir Maine group Y me apply Kiya hai ,, uski taiyari karni hai
Prayansh TIWARI
5 months ago
sir Maine group Y me apply Kiya hai ,, uski taiyari karni hai
Nikhil Kumar
5 months ago
Apke exam s phle courses aa jayega
sir plz add more lession...
  1. 2/25/19 LOCAL GOVT. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved unacademy


  2. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved CONTENTS Role of Local govt. o Evolution of Local govt. o Panchayats o District Rural Development o National Capital Territory of Delhi o Scheduled Areas PESA, 1996 O o Tribal Areas o Forest Rights Act, 2006 o Gandhiji's Concentric Agenc o Municipalities o 2nd ARC Recommendations o District Collector o Co-operative Societies o Union Territories Circles Model unacademy 2/25/19


  3. o Unacademy Referral Code: jatinverma71 o And get 10% + Extra 5% Discount on Unacademy Plus Subscription. unacaderny


  4. want fo be start but th plus Subscription Billing Information > Payment> Confirmation UPSC CSE Subscription (12 months) 30+ hours of live lessons every day Live courses in English and Hindi UPSC CSE Subscription ph reve 25 + top educators New courses published every month 1 mo 7,000/month 835 credits Redeem credits for up to 10% discount R5,250/month 6 mo Apply ink h cause feremt 42,000 231,500 for 6 months 12 mo 3,500/month Enter referral code Apply 84,000 242,000 for 12 months pu 50% OFF Referral code to get 10% Discount on Unacademy Plus subscription: jatinverma71 kand 235,593 stay Subscription Fee CGST SGST 3,203 Billed as a one time payment of 242,000 (12 months) Continue 3,203 Total (Inclusive of all taxes) 42,000 es that IP


  5. General Information o Current Affairs Magazine now available on Amazon.in and Flipkart NOW YOU CAN BUY OUR CURRENT FFAS MAGAZINE ONLINE AT 201. IAS ara, with JATIN VERMA Current Affairs amazon.isaieE Magazine Polity &Governance ny


  6. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Strengthens democracy Grass roots level govt. Closest govt to people More accountable Protects local interests of the people LOCAL GOVT Ensures active participation of people Efficient administration Cheaper for people Time saving for people People friendly administration unacademy 2/25/19


  7. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved 2017 Q) Local self-government can be best explained as an exercise in A. Federalism B. Democratic decentralisation c. Administrative delegation D. Direct democracy unacademy 2/25/19


  8. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Evolution of Local govt. - Pre-independence Lord Mayo's resolution of 1870 supported decentralisation of financial and administrative powers to local govt. Lord Rippon's resolution of 1882 introduced local self govt. Royal Commission on Decentralisation, 1907 stressed on creation of village panchayats and municipalities with financial autonomy and the system of elections Montague-Chelmsford Reforms, 1919 brought 7 local govts under Indian ministers Govt. of India Act of 1935 declared local self- government a provincial subject unacademy 2/25/19


  9. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Local Govt. Panchayats (Rural Areas) Municipalities (Urban areas) unacademy 2/25/19


  10. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved PANCHAYATS PART IX- ARTICLES 243 -243O unacademy 2/25/19


  11. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Ashok Mehta Committee o This committee was appointed by the Gol in 1977 on PRIs o It submitted its report in 1978 and made the following recommendations a. Three tier system be replaced by two tier system, zila parishad and mandal panchayat. b. PRIs be given powers of taxation c. State govt. should not supersede PRIs d. Nyaya panchayats be separated from development panchayats e. State EC consult with CEC to conduct elections f. Minister for Panchayati Raj be appointed in the state CoM g. Seats for SCs and STs be reserved according to population. h. Constitutional status for PRIs unacademy 2/25/19 13


  12. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved GVKRao Committee o This committee was appointed by the Planning Commission in 1985 o It submitted its report in 1986 and made the following recommendations (a) Zila Parishad be made the principal body for all programmes (b) PRIs at the district and lower levels be given significant roles in planning, implementation and monitoring of rural development programmes. (c) State level functions be decentralised (d) District Development Commissioner to be CEO of Zila Parishad (e) Elections to PRIs be held regularly. unacademy 2/25/19 14


  13. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Definitions o "Gram Sabha" means a body consisting of persons registered in the electoral rolls relating to a village comprised within the area of Panchavat at the village level o "Intermediate level" means a level between the village and district district levels specified by the Governor of a State by public notification to be the intermediate level unacademy 2/25/19 17


  14. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243C o The ratio between the population of the territorial area of a Panchayat at any level and the number of seats in such Panchayat to be filled by election shall, so far as practicable, be the same throughout the State o The ratio between the population of each constituency and the number of seats allotted to it shall, so far as practicable, be the same throughout the Panchayat area. unacademy 2/25/19 20


  15. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243D - Reservation of seats o Seats reserved for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) and chairpersons of the Panchayats at all levels also shall be reserved for SCs and STs in proportion to their population. o The state legislature can provide for reservation of office of chairperson in panchayat at any level for SCs and STs o One-third of the total number of seats to be reserved for women. o One-third of the seats reserved for SCs and STs also reserved for women o One-third offices of chairpersons at all levels reserved for women. o The state legislature can provide for reservation of seats or of office of chairperson in panchayat at any level for backward classes. unacademy 2/25/19 21


  16. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved 2016 o Consider the following statements: 1.The minimum age prescribed for any person to be a member of Panchayat is 25 years 2.A Panchavat reconstituted after premature dissolution continues only for the remainder period Which of the statements given above is/ are correct? A. 1 only B. 2 only C. Both 1 and 2 D. Neither 1 nor 2 unacademy 2/25/19 25


  17. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243G Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats o The State Legislature may endow the Panchayats with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as institutions of self-government, o Such law may contain provisions for the devolution of powers and responsibilities upon Panchavats at the appropriate level, subject to such conditions as may be specified therein, with respect to a) the preparation of plans for economic development and social iustice the implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice b) unacademy 2/25/19 26


  18. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243H- Taxes and Funds o The State Legislature may (a) authorise a Panchayat to levy, collect and appropriate such taxes, duties, tolls and fees in accordance with such procedure and subject to such limits; (b) assign to a Panchayat such taxes, duties, tolls and fees levied and collected by the State Government for such purposes and subject to such conditions and limits; (c) provide for making such grants in aid to the Panchayats from the Consolidated Fund of the State; and (d) provide for constitution of such Funds for crediting all moneys received, respectively, by or on behalf of the Panchayats and also for the withdrawal of such moneys therefrom, as may be specified in the law unacademy 2/25/19 27


  19. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 2431- State Finance Commissiorn o The Governor of a State shall constitute a Finance Commission to review the financial position of the Panchayats to make recommendations to the Governor 1) the principles which should govern the distribution between the State and the Panchayats of the net proceeds of the taxes, duties, tolls and fees leviable by the State, and the allocation between the Panchavats at all levels of their respective shares of such proceeds the determination of the taxes, duties, tolls and fees which may be assigned to, or appropriated by, the Panchayat the grants-in-aid to the Panchayats from the Consolidated Fund of the State 2) the measures needed to improve the financial position of the Panchayats 3) any other matter referred to the Finance Commission by the Governor in the interests of sound finance of the Panchayats. unacademy 2/25/19 28


  20. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243J D Audit of Accounts of Panchayats o The State Legislature shall provide for 1. Maintenance of accounts of Panchayats 2. Auditing of accounts unacademy 2/25/19 30


  21. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243L- Application to Union territories o The provisions of the Part IX shall apply to the Union territories. o The President may, by public notification, direct that the provisions shall apply to any Union territory or part thereof subject to such exceptions and modifications as he may specify in the notification. unacademy 2/25/19 32


  22. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 2430- Interference by Courts o The Courts are barred from interfering in electoral matters such as the validity of any law relating to the delimitation of constituencies or the allotment of seats to such constituencies. o No election to any Panchayat can be called in question except by an election petition as provided under any law made by the Legislature of a State. unacademy 2/25/19 35


  23. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Compulsory provisions o Organisation of Gram sabha o Establishment of three tier panchayat system o Direct elections to all tiers o Indirect elections of chairperson at intermediate and district levels o Minimum age for elections- 21 vears o Reserva en at all tiers. o Duration of 5 vears and holding elections within 6 months in tions for SCs, STs and won case of supersession o State Election Commission to hold elections o State Finance Commission every five vears to review financial position of Panchayats. unacademy 2/25/19 36


  24. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Voluntary provisions o Representation to MPs and MLAs at all levels falling within their constituencies. o Reservation of backward classes o Devolving powers and authority to panchayats to plan for economic development and social justice o Making Panchayats autonomous institutions o Financial powers to levy, collect and appropriate taxes, duties, tolls and fees. unacademy 2/25/19 37


  25. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved DRDA District Rural Development Agency unacademy 2/25/19 4


  26. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved DRDA o The District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) has traditionally been the principal organ at the District level to oversee the implementation of different anti-poverty programmes. Since its inception, the administrative costs of the DRDAs were met by way of setting apart a share of the allocations for each programme o Each district will have its own District Rural Development Agency unacademy 2/25/19 41


  27. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved 2015 o Khap panchayats have been in the news for functioning as extra constitutional authorities, often delivering pronouncements amounting to human right violation:s. Discuss critically the actions taken by the legislative, executive and judiciary to set the things right in this regard. unacademy 2/25/19 46


  28. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved MUNICIPLALITIES PART IX-A: ARTICLES 243-P- 243-ZG unacademy 2/25/19 4


  29. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243Q- Constitution of Municipalities o There shall be constituted in every State, (a) a Nagar Panchayat (by whatever name called) for a transitional area, that is to say, an area in transition from a rural area to an urban area (b) a Municipal Council for a smaller urban area; and (c) a Municipal Corporation for a larger urban area o A Municipality cannot be constituted in an area which has been declared by the governor as an industrial township. unacademy 2/25/19 50


  30. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243R- Composition of Municipalities o The State Legislature may provide for representation in Municipality of the following: (i) persons having special knowledge or experience in Municipal administration; (ii) the members of the House of the People and the members of the Legislative Assembly of the State representing constituencies which comprise wholly or partly the Municipal area; iii) the members of the Council of States and the members of the Legislative Council of the State registered as electors within the Municipal area; (iv) the Chairpersons of the Committees except wards committees unacademy 2/25/19 53


  31. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243S o Where a Wards Committee consists of_ (a) one ward, the member representing that ward in the Municipality; or (b) two or more wards, one of the members representing such wards in the Municipality elected by the members of the Wards Committee, shall be the Chairperson of that Committee. o The state legislature can constitute committees other than wards committees. unacademy 2/25/19


  32. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243T- Reservation of seats o Seats reserved for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) and chairpersons of the Municipalities at all levels also shall be reserved for SCs and STs in proportion to their population o The state legislature can provide for reservation of office of chairperson in Municipa ity at any level for SCs, STs and women o One-third of the total number of seats to be reserved for o One-third of the seats reserved for SCs and STs also reserved o The state legislature can provide for reservation of seats or of women for women office of chairperson in Municipality at any level for backward classes. unacademy 2/25/19 56


  33. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243T- Reservation of seats unacademy 2/25/19 57


  34. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243W o Powers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities, etc. o The State Legislature may endow the Municipalities with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as institutions of self-government. o Such law may contain provisions for the devolution of powers and responsibilities upon Municipalities at the appropriate level, subject to such conditions as may be specified therein, with respect to a) the preparation of plans for economic development and social justice the implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice b) unacademy 2/25/19 60


  35. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243Y- Finance Commission 2) the measures needed to improve the financial position of the Municipalities. ) any oter mrd othe FinanceComny he Governor in the interests of sound finance of the Municipalities. o The Governor shall place the SFC's report and an explanatory memorandum on the actions taken before the State Legislature. unacademy 2/25/19 64


  36. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243Z- Audit of accounts of Municipalities o The State Legislature shall provide for 1. Maintenance of accounts of Municipalities 2. Auditing of accounts unacademy 2/25/19 65


  37. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243ZB- Application to Union territories o The provisions of the Part IX-A shall apply to the Union territories. o The President may, by public notification, direct that the provisions shall apply to any Union territory or part thereof subject to such exceptions and modifications as he may specify in the notification. unacademy 2/25/19 67


  38. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243ZD- Committee for district planning o Not less than four-fifths of the total number of members of such Committee shall be elected by, and from amongst, [i] the elected members of the Panchayat at the district level [ii] the elected members of the Municipalities in the district o This representation should be in proportion to the ratio between the population of the rural areas and of the urban areas in the district. o The Chairperson of every District Planning Committee shall forward the development plan, as recommended by such Committee, to the State Government. unacademy 2/25/19 70


  39. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243ZE- Committee for Metropolitan planning o A Metropolitan Planning Committee shall be constituted in every Metropolitan area to prepare a draft development plan for the Metropolitan area as a whole. o The Legislature of a State may, by law, make provision with respect (a) the composition of the Metropolitan Planning Committees; (b) the manner in which the seats in such Committees shall be filled (c) the representation of Central govt. State govt. and other institutions necessary for its functioning, (d) the functions relating to planning and coordination for the Metropolitan area (e) the manner of choosing Chairpersons of such Committees unacademy 2/25/19 72


  40. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243ZE- Committee for Metropolitan planning o Every Metropolitan Planning Committee shall consult suc.h institutions and organisations as the Governor may, by order, specify o The Chairperson of every Metropolitan Planning Committee shall forward the development plan, as recommended by suclh Committee, to the State Government. unacademy 2/25/19 75


  41. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243ZG- Interference by Courts o The Courts are barred from interfering in electoral matters such as the validity of any law relating to the delimitation of constituencies or the allotment of seats to such constituencies. o No election to any Municipality can be called in question except by an election petition as provided under any law made by the Legislature of a State unacademy 2/25/19


  42. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved 2nd ARC RECOMMENDATIONS SIXTH REPORT unacademy 2/25/19


  43. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved DISTRICT COLLECTOR unacademy 2/25/19


  44. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved 2017 o "The local self government system in India has not proved to be effective instrument of governance". Critically examine the statement and give your views to improve the situation. (150 words) 95 unacademy 2/25/19 86


  45. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Definitions o A co-operative society is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise. o Under Article 243-ZH "co-operative society" means a society registered or deemed to be registered under any law relating to co-operative societies for the time being in force in any state. "Multi state co-operative society" means a society with objects not confined to one state and registered or deemed to be registered under any law for the time being in force related to such co- operatives unacademy 2/25/19


  46. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved o Cooperative societies is a state subject under Entry 32 of the State List of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution. o For cooperative societies working in more than one state, The Multi State Cooperative Societies Act, 1984 was enacted by Parliament under Entry 44 of the Union List of the Seventh Schedule a Central Act (replacing the Multi Unit cooperative societies Act, 1942). This act of 1984 was replaced by The MSCS Act, 2002. o The 97th CAA, 2011 granted constitutional status to cooperative societies incorporating three changes in the constitution 1. Right to form co-operative societies was made a fundamental right under Article 19 Promotion of co-operative societies was made a DPSP under Article 43-B 2. 3. Added Part IX-B entitiled "Co-operative Societies" with Articles 243-ZH to 243-ZT unacademy 2/25/19 89


  47. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243-ZI O In-corporation of Co-operative Socities o The State Legislature make provisions with respect to the incorporation, regulation and winding up of co-operative societies based in the principles of voluntary formation, democratic member-control, member-economic participation and autonomous functioning unacademy 2/25/19 90


  48. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243-ZJ o The maximum number of directors of a cooperative society shall not o Reservation of one set for SC/ST and two seats for women on the o he term of a board & its office bearers has been fixed to 5 vears from Number and term of members in board and its office bearers exceed 21 board of every co-operative society. the date of election. 5. If less than a half of the term of board remains to be completed and if there is a vacancy, the board can nominate from the same class of members in respect of vacancy arisen. o Not more than two experts experienced in respective fields can be co- opted in addition of 21 members of board. But these co- opted members cannot vote or cannot become office bearer. 7. Over and above 21 directors, functional directors shall also be members of the board unacademy 2/25/19 91


  49. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 243-ZM o Provided, such an auditor or auditing firm shall be appointed from a panel approved by the State Government or a body authorised by the State Government on its behalf. within six months of the close of the financial year. society shall be laid before the state legislature. o The accounts of every co-operative society shall be audited o The audit report of the accounts of an apex co-operative unacademy 2/25/19 96


  50. O Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved O Article 243-ZR- Application to multi-state co-operative societies o The provisions of this part shall apply to the multi-state co-operative societies subject to the modification that any reference to the "State Legislature", "State Act" or "State Government" shall be construed as a reference to "Parliament", "Central Act" or "Central Government" respectively O Article 243-ZS- Application to Union Territories O The provisions of this part shall apply to the Union territories. o The President may direct that the provisions of this part shall not apply to any Union territory or part thereof as he may specify in the notification. O Article 243-ZT- Continuance of exiting laws o The state laws relating to co-operative societies which were enacted before the 97th Amendment Act and are inconsistent with it shall continue for a maximum period of one year unacademy 2/25/19 100


  51. 2/25/19 UNION TERRITORIES PART VIII ART. 239-241 101 Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved unacademy


  52. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 239A O Creation of local Legislatures or Council of Ministers or both for o Inserted by Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) Act, 1962 certain Union territories o Parliament may by law create for a UT of Puducherry (a) a body, whether elected or partly nominated and partly elected, to function as a Legislature for the Union territory, or (b) a Council of Ministers, or both with such constitution, powers and functions, in each case, as may be specified in the law o Such law shall not be deemed to be an amendment of the Constitution for the purposes of article 368 unless it contains any provision which amends or has the effect of amending this Constitution. unacademy 2/25/19 105


  53. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 239B o The administrator of Puducherry, after obtaining instructions from the President, can promulgate ordinances except when the o Such an ordinance will have the same effect as an act of the o However, the ordinance has to be passed with six weeks of o The ordinance can be withdrawn by the governor at any time after o An ordinance cannot be promulgated when the Assembly is legislative assembly is in session Assembly reassembling of the LA unless which it ceases to have effect. obtaining instructions from the President. dissolved or suspended unacademy 2/25/19 106


  54. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 240 o The President may make regulations for the peace, progress and good government of the Union territory of (a) the Andaman and Nicobar Islands; (b) Lakshadweep; (c) Dadra and Nagar Haveli; (d) Daman and Diu; o In case of Puducherry, the President can make regulations only when the Legislative Assembly is suspended or dissolved o Any regulation so made may repeal or amend any Act made by Parliament and shall have the same force and effect as an Act of Parliament which applies to that territory unacademy 2/25/19 107


  55. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 239AA Special provisions with respect to Delhi. o Inserted by Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991 o Union territory of Delhi shall be called the National Capital Territory of Delhi and the administrator thereof appointed under article 239 shall be designated as the Lieutenant Governor. o There shall be a Legislative Assembly for the National Capital Territory and the seats in such Assembly shall be filled by members chosen by direct election from territorial constituencies in the National Capital Territory unacademy 2/25/19 110


  56. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Article 239AA o There shall be a Council of Ministers consisting of not more than ten per cent of the total number of members in the Legislative Assembly o The CoM headed by the Chief Minister aids and advises the Lieutenant Governor in the exercise of his functions in relation to matters with respect to which the Legislative Assembly has power to make laws, except in so far as he is, by or under any law, required to act in his discretion. o In case of difference of opinion between the governor and the CoM, the governor can refer it to the President and act accordingly pending which the governor can take immediate action if required to do so. unacademy 2/25/19 112


  57. C Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Legislature Executiv Legislative Lt. Governor Delhi Assembly Legislative Lt. Governor Madras Assembly UT High court Delhi CM & CoM Puducherry CM & CoM Chandigarh Administrator Punjab & Haryana Lakshadweep Andaman & Nicobar Administrator Kerala Lt. Governor Kolkata islands Daman & Diu Dadra & Nagar Haveli AdministratorMumbai Administrator Mumbai unacademy 2/25/19 115


  58. Jatin Verma All Rights Reserved Tribes Advisory Council o If the President so directs, there will be established a TAC in a State having Scheduled tribes but not Scheduled Areas therein, consisting of not more than twenty members of whom, three-fourths shall be the representatives of the Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assembly of the State. o If the number of representatives of the STs in the Legislative Assembly of the State is less than the number of seats in the TAC to be filled by such representatives, the remaining seats shall be filled by other members of those Tribes. unacademy 2/25/19 122