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Urea Formula with Solved Examples

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Urea formula

Everything you need to know about the Urea formula is provided below. Please proceed to read the whole document carefully to understand the topic completely.

What is Urea?

Urea is a nitrogenous molecule that may be found in the urine of animals in rather high concentrations. Carbamide is an alternative name for this chemical molecule. It is a versatile chemical that has both amide and carbonyl groups in addition to two amide groups.

In light of the aforementioned, it should be noted that it is essentially a waste by-product that is produced whenever the body metabolizes proteins. Carbamide is another name for this substance, which is the diamide of carbonic acid and dissolves very easily in water. Carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen are the constituent elements of urea. The chemical formula for urea is written as CH4N2O.

The characteristics of urea are-

  • Usually white or colorless

  • Crystalline

  • Solid

  • Organic compound (because it contains carbon)

  • Crystalline odorless

Chemical Structure of Urea

The chemical structure of urea is CO(NH2)2.

Urea The formula for the chemical is CO(NH2)2 (is because it is a carbamide organic compound)

Urea Molecular Formula

First things first, we have to determine how many of each kind of atom there are in the urea.

There is only

1 carbon

4 hydrogen

2 nitrogen

1 oxygen

In order to complete the formation of the formula, we will now write the number of each atom in the subscript position.

In other words, CH4N2O

The structure of urea at the molecular level looks like this.

Reactivity of Urea

It is generally agreed that urea is a weak base. It creates nitrogen trichloride when it reacts with hypochlorites, which spontaneously explodes when it is exposed to air. The same may be said for substances that have the name phosphorus pentachloride. It is able to generate a poisonous gas when it combines with chemicals such as azo and diazo. In addition to this, urea may react with powerful reducing agents to produce combustible gasses like ammonia and nitrous oxide (hydrogen).


Frequently asked questions

Get answers to the most common queries related to the Urea formula.

What is urea used for?

Ans : In spite of the fact that more than 90 percent of all urea generated is put to use as ...Read full

Is urea a fertilizer?

Ans : Nitrogen is a vital nutrient that is required for the growth and development of crops, and ur...Read full