Now that you’ve decided to start your preparation for India’s most challenging exam, UPSC, you must have realised that learning and remembering the Constitution of India is not an easy task. Being a UPSC aspirant requires dedication, and years of hard work and consistency. Although it’s not everyone’s cup of tea, whosoever does it with utmost dedication passes with flying scores. One of the most complex parts of the entire UPSC syllabus is remembering the Constitution of India.
Since it is incredibly vast with several complexities involved, it sometimes becomes difficult for aspirants to understand it completely. As a student of polity, it becomes imperative for you to read, understand, and learn the Constitution of India thoroughly. Today, we will unveil the tried and tested Tips and Tricks to Remember the Constitution of India in under 10 minutes. Yes, you heard us right! So, without any further ado, let’s get started!
Tips and Tricks to Remember the Constitution of India in under 10 minutes
Here are a few practical tips and tricks through which you can remember the Indian Constitution within 10 minutes.
Constitution – A breathing document!
The Constitution is not a book; it is a breathing document. It is a living document that reacts and responds to every changing scenario in a country.
The Constitution is not a collection of articles or words, whereas every word in the constitution matters and has its significance.
The Constitution has its schematics. It means that the Constitution is engaging with you, and you’re engaging with the Constitution.
For example, if you give a mobile phone to anyone in the world who does not understand its functioning, for him, a mobile phone is of no use. Whereas, if you hand it over to someone who understands how to use it, he can use it in a million ways.
Similarly, it is essential to understand the schematics of the Constitution. It includes why there was only this number of articles in part 1, part 2, etc.
There are specific fixed designs. It includes union executive and union state relations.
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Three union executives
There are mainly three union executives in the country, including the President, Vice President, and the Union council of ministers headed by the Prime Minister. The best way to learn their article is 2,3,4, followed by 5, 6, and 7, respectively. Hence article 52, article 63, and article 74. Adding 89 in 74 will become the state council of ministers headed by the chief minister.
Article 72 of the Constitution gives mercy power to the president. Similarly, mercy powers are given to the governor. Adding 89 to 72 is article 161.
Article 102 talks about the disqualification of members of parliament. Adding 89 to 102 is disqualification of MLAs. In most cases, you can use 89 to learn about articles in the Indian Constitution.
Try to read from politics to the polity. On 12th June 1975, a judgement was passed by the Allahabad high court against Indra Gandhi. According to the decision, Mrs. Gandhi has done electoral misconduct.
During this time, Jayshankar Narayan built a Bihar Chatra Sangharsh Samiti, where 5-7 lakh students from Bihar gathered in Delhi and came to roads to protest against Mrs. Gandhi. To avoid such conditions, she decided to impose an internal emergency in the name of internal disturbance.
Soon after this, the government of Muraji Desai came to power. He introduced the 44th constitutional act 1975. The first step he made was eliminating the word-internal disturbance from the Constitution and changing it into armed rebellion.
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Logic in the Constitution of India
There is a logic in the Constitution in India.
Part 3 of the Indian Constitution deals with the fundamental rights, whereas part 4 deals with DPSP. in part 3, the Constitution gives guaranteed rights against the state. Whereas part 4 is a direction given to the state for the individual. Part 3 starts from article 12 to article 35, and part 4 begins from articles 36 to 51.
The first article of part 3 and part 4 defines the state in the same way.
Similar to medical, there are specific Mnemonics in the laws regarding fundamental rights. Let’s learn it through an example –
Law removes all doubt”, the word law comes in article 14, D stands for discrimination, O stands for an opportunity in pubic employment, U is untouchability, and T is titles. Article 15 talks about no discrimination, article 16 says equal opportunity in public employment, article 17 stands for untouchability, and article 18 says abolition of titles.
In summary, associated memory is formulated. To complete this, you need to watch the news or current affairs. For example – there is no such right as the right to marry. In 2019, there was such a question. Note, it was a trick question whose answer was article 21. Right to marry means the freedom to marry anyone. It also includes life living with choice and dignity.
The logic of the Constitution, such as the triple talaq case where two women of the same community were treated differently. It is a violation of article 14.
Remember schematics. In the union executive, the president is described as the first, followed by the vice president and the union council of ministers.
Lastly, the Constitution of India is an extreme power in itself. Learn how the Constitution can be used for the benefit of the people.
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We come to the end of the topic on Tips and Tricks to Remember the Constitution of India in under 10 minutes. Today, we discussed practical study tips and tricks on how you can understand, learn, and remember the entire Constitution of India, which is one of the most important aspects of your UPSC exam and life. Every UPSC aspirant finds it difficult to untangle the ways to learn the Constitution; however, in this article, we discussed how to remember the Constitution of India in under 10 minutes.
Apart from these tips, a great strategy and taking up regular mocks, going through Constitution can genuinely contribute to your success. Before sitting for the exam:
Make sure you’re well-prepared with all questions related to the topic because all questions are essential if you’re to become the topper.
Pick the right books and courses because they can significantly change your journey to become a topper. Once you have the right mix of books, it can help.
In addition, keep these hacks handy as they are indispensable.