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A Brief Note on Geography of India

Everything you need to know about the Geography of India, Indian and World Geography, Indian Geography, Indian Geography notes, and other topics related to the Geography of India.

India’s topography is incredibly diversified, extending through snow-capped mountainous regions to deserts, plains, hills, and plateaus. The majority of the Indian subcontinent is located on the Indian Plate, which is the northernmost section of the Indo-Australian Surface. The majority of India is located on a peninsula in southern Asia that sticks into the Indian Ocean and has a coastline of nearly 7,516 kilometers. The Arabian Sea borders India in the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal borders it in the southeast. This explains the brief note on the Geography of India.

Indian And World Geography

The lush Indo-Gangetic plain dominates northern, central, and eastern India, whereas the Deccan Plateau dominates southern India. The Thar Desert, which is a combination of stony and sandy deserts, is located in the western part of the country. The steep Himalayan range forms India’s eastern and north-eastern boundaries. Due to a territorial dispute with Pakistan, the highest point in India is contested; according to India’s claim, the highest peak (located in the disputed Kashmir area) is K2, at 8,611 m. (28,251 feet). Kangchenjunga, at 8,598 meters, is the highest peak in uncontested Indian territory (28,208 feet). The climate ranges from tropical in the deep south to tundra at high elevations in the Himalayas.

Pakistan, the People’s Republic of China, Bhutan, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Afghanistan are the borders of India. The island republics of Sri Lanka and the Maldives are located to the south of India. Politically, India is split into 28 states, six union territories controlled by the federal government, and a country’s capital region. Rather than physical changes, political divides often follow ethnic and linguistic borders.

The Location And Scope

Kanyakumari is the southernmost place on the Indian mainland. India is located between 8 degrees 4 minutes and 37 degrees 6 minutes north latitude and 68 degrees 7 minutes and 97 degrees 25 minutes east longitude, to the north of the equator. With a total surface area of 3,287,590 km2, it is the world’s seventh-largest country (1,269,219 square miles). India is 3,214 kilometers (1,997 miles) long from south to north and 2,933 kilometers (1,822 miles) long from east to west. It has a land border of 15,200 kilometers (9,445 miles) and a coastline of 7,516.5 kilometers (4,670.5 miles).

India is split into 29 states (which are further broken into districts), 6 union territories, and the National Capital Region of Delhi. Union Territories are controlled by an administrator nominated by the union government, whereas states get their own elected government.

India’s States And Territories

The Indian States And Territories are as follows:

  • Himachal Pradesh

  • Jharkhand

  • Karnataka

  • Andhra Pradesh

  • Arunachal Pradesh

  • Assam

  • Bihar

  • Chhattisgarh

  • Goa

  • Gujarat

  • Haryana

  • Nagaland

  • Orissa

  • Punjab

  • Rajasthan

  • Sikkim

  • Tamil Nadu

  • Kerala

  • Madhya Pradesh

  • Maharashtra

  • Manipur

  • Meghalaya

  • Mizoram

  • Tripura

  • Uttaranchal

  • State of Uttar Pradesh

  • Bengal, West Bengal

  • Uttar Pradesh

Territories of the Union include

  • The islands of Andaman and Nicobar

  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu

  • Chandigarh

  • Lakshadweep

  • Delhi

  • Puducherry

  • Jammu & Kashmir

  • Ladakh

Geographical Areas

The country of India is split into seven geographical areas. They’re

  • The northern mountain ranges include the Himalayas, and the mountain ranges of the northeast.

  • Plains of Indo-Gangetic

  • The Thar Desert,

  • East Coast & West Coast

  • Seas and islands on the horizon

Mountains Map Of India’s Hilly Areas

The Indian subcontinent is defined by a large arc of mountains made up of the Himalayas, Hindu Kush, and Patkai ranges. These mountains were produced as a result of the continuous tectonic collision of the Indian Plate with the Eurasian Plate, which began around 50 million years ago. These mountain ranges contain some of the world’s highest mountains and act as a physical barrier against the chilly arctic winds. They also help the monsoons, which are responsible for India’s climate. The geographical quality of protection and climate control they have supplied has aided India’s standing as a Great Power.


We have understood the Geography of India, Indian and world geography, Indian Geography, Indian Geography, and other topics in the study material of the Geography of India.

The geography of India varies greatly, from the Thar Desert in the west to rainforests in the northeast. Much of northern India is covered by the Ganges Plain, a rich area. This formation was formed by dirt deposited by rivers flowing from the Himalayas.


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