With so much diversity in race, ethnicity, and culture, the earth is undoubtedly a place to cherish. The 7 wonders of the world are the epitome of this diversity. Man has always been creative and innovative for ages. Our ancestors have created so many exquisite and magnificent landmarks worldwide, which are pristine. Their presence is paramount, and there is no denial of their beauty and importance. These wonders aren’t just some architectural places. Instead, they are a gateway to history, culture, and heritage.
Factors that have an impact on the choice of Wonders of the World
At the time of preparing the wonders of the world list, a myriad of factors is considered. Unless a landmark fulfils all these requirements, it can’t be included in the list. For example:
- It needs to be “ONE AND ONLY”, which means that the landmark shouldn’t have any replica or twin
- It needs to shed light on the history of the world, the old culture, and its key features
- A wonder of the world should be the embodiment of mystic and awe
- The landmark must be intriguing that can spike interest in people’s minds
Original Wonders of the Ancient World
In the early 5th century BC, a Greek writer described the wonderful and majestic landmarks he visited during his travels. He explained how unique and magical the craftsmanship was and came to call them the original Wonders of the World.
The initial wonders of the Ancient World as known from his poetry were:
- The Great Pyramid of Giza- Egypt
- Zeus’s Statue- Greece
- Hanging Gardens of Babylon- Babylonia
- Temple of Artemis- Western Turkey
- Mausoleum of Halicarnassus- Persia
New Wonders of the World
The seven wonders of the world 2020 are different from that of the Ancient World. In 2007, the UN held a contest where the global audience voted against a few chosen landmarks. After reviewing and analysing everything, a new list was formed.
Following are the seven iconic and majestic Wonders of the World 2020.
Taj Mahal, India
Taj Mahal is one of the 7 wonders of the world- a landmark that was never omitted from the list. Taj Mahal represents balance and symmetry, especially the four surrounding towers that are slightly inclined outward. Its unique architecture reflects both Persian and Mughal cultures and craftsmanship. This structure was built over 16 years, and about 20,000 laborers were needed.
Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu was built during the pre-Columbian era, located in the Andes Mountains. The architects used the natural mountains and rocks to form the terrace and walls. Even though it signifies the ruins, the beauty is paramount, making it one of the best wonders in the world.
The Colosseum was built during the initial times of the Roman empire, between AD 72 and AD 82. It was a theatre having segregated arcades and a stepped seating arena. The circular perimeter has half-columns and half-naked walls, thereby casting a unique look. Gladiator shows, hunting events, and public executions were some of the events held in the arena.
The Great Wall of China, China
The Great Wall of China covers a trail of 21,196.18 KM, starting from the East coast and merging with the western desserts. It runs along about 404 towns, covering 15 Chinese provinces. The UN acknowledged it as a Wonder due to its massive structure (largest manmade architecture) and the strategic use of landforms. It is made from stone, rammed earth, brick, and even wood.
Chichen Itza, Mexico
Built during the Mayan civilization, this place has many religious temples. Each architecture represents the Mayan culture and heritage, giving a direct glimpse into the history. Science and astronomy concepts had been implemented in the structures, proving how advanced Mayans were.
One of the most famous Wonders of the World visited by millions of tourists per year is the City of Petra. This ancient city housed the Spice Road that linked east with the west in Jordan. Nabataean Arabs crafted the city in rose mountains, with a humongous palatial structure sitting right at the front. Tombs, statues, and many other structures were built around to give this city an exquisite and eye-appealing look.
Christ The Redeemer, Brazil
Standing at the height of about 710n meters from sea level, this colossal statue of Jesus Christ was built during the Catholic era in Brazil. It is about 125 feet tall, with the arms spreading straight in both directions. To improve the structural integrity, this wonder of the world was built with concrete.
The 7 Wonders of the World are not simple landmarks. Instead, they represent the history and delineate the cultural variations and rich heritage. Due to natural calamities, most of these sites have suffered huge damages. UNESCO has collaborated with other regulatory bodies to restore structural magnificence and beauty. But no matter what, these sites will also remain the epitome of craftsmanship, innovation, and paramount beauty. These sites do not have any twin, and their contribution to world history can never be forgotten.