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Winter in the Western and Eastern Ghats

The Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats have tropical and humid temperatures based on the proximity of the sea in the lower reaches.

The Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats have very distinctive climate patterns that make the weather fluctuations viable in those mountain ranges. In this assignment, a detailed discussion is going to be constituted regarding the winter season in both the mountain ranges. Further, the study is going to discuss the difference and distinctions between winter in the Western and Eastern Ghats. The climate within these two regions is currently deteriorating that is outlined within this assignment through a detailed comparison between the two regions. Further, the study is also going to discuss climate change within the Eastern and Western Ghats mountain ranges in recent times. 

Explain Winter in the Western Ghats

The western ghat climate is generally humid and tropical in the low land areas. In the region of 1500 metres and above the temperature changes are more often in the winter and at the end of the monsoon. The climate in the western part of winter becomes dry due to the northeast wind coming from the high altitude area. The climate in the winter period becomes dry due to the loss of moisture in the Asian land region. The dry weather decreases the temperature in the western ghat as the majority of the region contains mountains that have high altitudes. 

Explain Winter in the Eastern Ghats

The winter climate in the eastern ghat includes medium rainfall and an average temperature of 15-20 degrees centigrade. In the winter season, the winds from the northeast region resulted in the fall of temperature and dryness in the weather due to the evaporation of water from the earth’s surface. Eastern Ghats have a discontinuous range of mountains that ranges along with the eastern border and Deccan plateau. The average elevation of the eastern ghat including Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh is 600 metres. 

What Are the Differences Between Western and Eastern Ghat?

  • Western Ghats have continuous mountain ranges and eastern Ghats have the discontinuous mountain ranges 
  • There is a dry climate in the winter in Western Ghats and the average temperature in winter goes below 14 degrees centigrade.
  • On the other hand, the average temperature in the eastern ghat region in winter is 15- 20 degrees centigrade.
  • The cold period lasts from the mid of September to mid of February in the Western Ghats.
  • The winter period lasts from the mid of November to the mid of January in the eastern regions Ghats.

Distinguish between Western and Eastern Ghats 

The Western and the Eastern Ghats have a very distinctive nature, especially in terms of their geographical locations in India. The mountain range within the Western Ghats is more continuous compared to the Eastern Ghats where the ranges are discontinuous. Further, the Western Ghats have a very dry winter compared to the Eastern Ghats. On the other hand, the Western Ghats experience a late spring compared to the eastern side where spring comes at the very first of the season. 

Climate Change in Western Ghats

Climate change plays an important role in the vegetation and topographical changes in the western ghat region of the country. The western ghat region of the country has an extended monsoon season and a tropical humid condition helps to see an increased rainfall in the region. The monsoon in the Western Ghats determines the growth of the agricultural products and helps to follow the pre-winter climate change in the region. Dry autumn in the Western Ghats inhibits the dry winter to circulate wind from the western to Eastern Ghats.

Climate Change in Eastern Ghats 

The average temperature and the rainfall is the most crucial aspect of the changing climate in the eastern region. The eastern ghat climate is generally termed as the humid and tropical climate where the atmosphere has the potential level of moisture to maintain rainfall in the region. In the Eastern ghat, region winds flow from the sea to the land areas and transfer the vapour from the sea surface to the land surface. Therefore, there is an increased chance of rainfall in the winter due to the excess amount of vapour in the earth’s atmosphere.


In conclusion, it can be said that the Western Ghats experience a more dry and hot winter compared to the Eastern Ghats. Further, the western and the Eastern Ghats are distinctive in terms of their impact on the change of climate within the country. Additionally, the Deccan Plateau connects both the mountain ranges that eventually impacts the winter season actively. After a detailed assessment of the weather in both the Ghats, it can be outlined that the Western Ghats are dominant in terms of controlling winter successfully.  Lastly, it can also be said that the winter is more dry and humid in the Western Ghats rather than in the Eastern Ghats.


Frequently Asked Questions

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