JEE Exam » Full Forms » CNG Full Form

CNG Full Form

CNG is an odourless gas and has a gaseous combination of hydrocarbons. Read the article to learn the features, uses and much more about CNG.

What is the full form of CNG?

The Full Form of the CNG is Compressed Natural Gas. It is a natural and realistic gas that originates under intimidation. Generally, it is an obvious gas, odourless, non-corrosive, etc. At the time of the explosion, the CNG constructs a more inferior number of disfavored gasses rather than additional powers and fuels. It is more uncontroversial to utilize and accumulate different energies because biological gas is more delicate than atmospheric air and circulates fast and rapidly when terminated. Essentially in nature, the CNG can be received from the consistency exceeding the oil residues. It may be accumulated from trash yards or restorative wastewater plants. Apart from this, it is constructed where it is comprehended as biogas. Moreover, the CNG gas essentially also has methane (CH4) as its preliminary element. All the Natural gas is odourless and has a gaseous combination of hydrocarbons. It is specially constructed of methane (CH4). 


Generally, it is delivered by and capsulizing naturalistic gas to more smallish than 1% of its importance at usual atmospheric coercion. To furnish adequate and satisfactory driving capacity, CNG has accumulated onboard a motorcar in a consolidated gaseous condition at intimidation of up to 3,600 pounds per quadrangular inch.

Apart from this, the CNG has also been utilised in sunlight, medium, and solemn-duty applications. Usually, the CNG gas is, through the vehicle, accumulates almost the exact fuel economizing as a traditional gasoline automobile on a GGE causality. Apart from this, the GGE equals approximately 5.66 pounds of Compressed natural gas.

History of the CNG Gas

Unpretentiously, the cause of the natural gas was found and determined in 1626, America country of U.S. William Hart. After passing the time like in 1821 explored the preferably victorious natural gas prompts in the country of the U.S, New York. In the late 1800 U.S. enforced the use of natural gas as a fuel for motorcars. And momentarily behind the 2nd World War, Italy, and considerable further European countries enforced CNG as power, fuel for autos.

CNG Features

  • It has a more down-keeping outlay as corresponded to different Hydrocarbon fuel automobiles.
  • CNG energy and power strategies are ultimately closed, containing any thrashings due to collapses, evaporation, and leaks in the atmosphere.
  • More inconsequential corrosion and additionally precise. It is negligibly conceivable to kindle at sizzling exteriors, has an automobile-ignition temperature of 540°C. Vastly, more uncontroversial than diesel-powered and petrol automobiles.

CNG Uses

The CNG Predominantly methane gas, such as gasoline, delivers machine dominion while it is integrated with air and provided into your motor detonation compartment.

  • You can use the CNG to approximate the burst enclosure. It incorporates air, is kindled by a spark, and the fuel from the detonation pushes the automobile
  • Apart from this, another use of the CNG is squeezed so that adequately fuel can be accumulated in your vehicle to boost driving range, extensively like the gasoline tank in the vehicle
  • However, the CNG also used in automobiles can use realistic gas as a liquid or a gas. Overall, vehicles operate in the gaseous form compressed to 3,000 psi

Disadvantages of CNG

  • The CNG vehicles need a more generous quantity of reach for fuel repository than petrol-powered automobiles 
  • Apart from this, the leakage of unburned methane as naturalistic gas is influential (methane gas is a transient-lived greenhouse gas) 
  • It has inferior energy and power viscosity. The CNG positions have specified availability 

Compressed Natural Gas is named CNG. That’s performed with the realistic and natural gas underneath the high force and pressure. That’s simply and specified that remains transparent, non-corrosive, and odorless. Apart from this, it is correspondingly a more inferior, greener, and additionally efficient option to the conventional petrol and diesel powers for automobiles. The exhibition establishment for the CNG is more straightforward than different distant gas utilization opportunities such as softened natural gas (LNG), methanol, gas to a beverage (GTL), and ammonia.

Interesting Facts about CNG

  1. Studies show that natural gas is first discovered in the Middle East between 6000 and 2000 BC
  2. China built first natural gas pipelines in 500 BC
  3. We get natural gas in two forms dry and wet
  4. Among all the fossil fuels, Natural gas is the cleanest fuel
  5. Humanity produces over 3.5 trillion m³ of natural gas every year.

Frequently Asked Questions

Get answers to the most common queries related to the JEE Examination Preparation.

What is the CNG's full form in road construction?

Answer: The CNG is a clean fuel. Natively, the means of the CNG in the road is...Read full

What does CNG mean?

Answer: The CNG full form is denoted with the Compressed natural gas. It is na...Read full

Which zones does the compressed natural gas establish?

Answer: Natively, the CNG gas is an immaculate-flaming fuel whose full form ha...Read full

Why is CNG called clean fuel? What are its components?

Answer: Generally, this natural gas is called a clean gas due to less pollutio...Read full