Course: Gain an understanding of Parliamentary Processes and Instruments Lesson: Simple and Effective Majorities Presented by Bhavin Sangoi
About me . B.A in Political Science & Psychology . Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains Teaching Indian Polity, International Relations, economics & mental Ability since 5 years Experience of teaching for various competitive exams such as NTSE, CET & UPSC . Follow me on: https://Unacademy.in/user/BhavinSangoi
Key points - In Parliament all the decisions are taken by majority Law making, passage of Budget, passage of various motions and resolutions, Amendment of constitution etc. form the part of decision Four types of majorities are required depending on the importance of matter concerned
Simple Majority Effective Majority This implies 50% + 1, of members This implies 50% + 1, of the effective strength of House. present and voting in the House . This means total membership of the .This means total membership of the House (absent members + vacant seats + abstention from voting ) 2 +1 House (absent members + vacant seats) 2 +1 | That means if total strength of the House is 245 but 10 members are absent and 11 seats are vacant due to death, expulsion or resignation, and 10 members are present but they are abstaining from voting, then (214-2 107 +1) 108 would be simple majority That means if total strength is 245 but 10 members are absent and 11 seats are vacant due to death, expulsion or resignation, then (224 2 112 +1) 113 would be effective majority
Simple Majority Effective Majority Indian Constitution uses phrase 'majority of members present and voting' or sometimes just 'passed by therequire effective majority House' to require simple majority . Indian Constitution uses phrase 'a majority of all the then members' to
Simple Majority This is the most sought after majority, used for passing the Bills, budget, Effective Majority This majority is required to remove the vice president of India (Article 67), Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha (Article 90), Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha (Article 93) and State legislative assembly (Article 179) and Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the State legislative Council (Article 183) motions and resolutions . No Confidence motion is also Passed by simple ajority by simple majority Resolution passed by the Rajya sabha should be approved by the Loksabha with Simple majority To remove the Vice-President, a resolution has to be passed by effective majority in the Rajya sabha
BA Political Science and Psychology, Mumbai University. Teaching Polity, Economics and international relations for 7 years.