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Understand Simple & Effective Majorities of Parliament​ (for UPSC CSE/IAS exam)
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This lesson focuses on the concepts of Simple & Effective Majority. The presenter begins by stating the key features of the concept of majority. He then lists down the four types of majority and explains in detail the first two types in a tabulated form to ease the understanding of the aspirants. He uses examples of real time politics so that the viewers can relate easily to the concepts that are being explained.

Bhavin Sangoi
BA Political Science and Psychology, Mumbai University. Teaching Polity, Economics and international relations for 7 years.

U
Unacademy user
PI
super course mam..plz complete all the chapter
The concept of Effective Majority has been offer confused here. Effective majority in constitutional terminology of West is same as what has been explained in this video i.e. deduction of both Vacant and ABSENT members. BUT in indian constitution no where this word has been used. The original wording in Article 67 etc is ALL THE THEN MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE which has been informally called as Effective Majority by people in India. Thus all the confusion. Hopefully it helps somewhat. :)
Effective majority is required only for removal of Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Assembly, Chairman and Deputy chairman of Legislative council. Not for Vice President, Speaker and Deputy speaker of LS, Chairman and Deputy Chairman of RS whom Absolute majority is required for.
I have referred to many sources and have learnt that, for calculating the effective strength of a house, the formula is Effective strength = (Total strength - Vacant seats) only, absent members are not deducted from the strength.
Bhavin Sangoi
2 years ago
Last time when the question was asked I googled and the first site that appeared was this https://www.google.co.in/amp/www.gktoday.in/types-of-majorities-in-indian-constitution/amp/ This site also says that effective majority is calculated after deducting both vacant as well as absent seats. But there are some other sites which confirms your answer that only vacant seats are deducted. I tried to search on Loksabha and Rajya Sabha website if the procedure is explained or what but it's not explained on any official site where other details are given. I also checked other books such as Granville Austin's books on constitution and Subhash Kashyap but this has not been mentioned there. However after pondering over wordings used in constitution I think what you are saying is correct but I'll still try to find out exact answer from any official source of possible.
ok Bhavin, otherwise, u have put great efforts and very nice presentation I felt.. I need some personal guidance from you can I get in touch with you please. my email id is mailmeonguru12@gmail.com
Hi guru! need some help from you. can we please connect. my contact no 9455105601
Vijay Sarswat
9 months ago
The concept of Effective Majority has been often confused here. Effective majority in constitutional terminology of West is same as what has been explained in this video i.e. deduction of both Vacant and ABSENT members. BUT in indian constitution no where this word has been used. The original wording in Article 67 etc is ALL THE THEN MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE which has been informally called as Effective Majority by people in India. Thus all the confusion. Hopefully it helps somewhat. :)
sir please clarify that at most of the places it is written that effective majority means (total membership - no. of vacancies ) they say absenteeism is not vacancy...kindly clarify...
Bhavin Sangoi
3 years ago
My explanation is correct. Along with vacancies, absence is also counted for counting effective Strength. You can depend on my explanation.
M M
3 years ago
okay thankyou sir !
Mr Bhavin Kindly make note, the absentee members are not deducted from the strength to arrive at the effective strength, this is given in many sources
Bhavin Sangoi
2 years ago
Last time when the question was asked I googled and the first site that appeared was this https://www.google.co.in/amp/www.gktoday.in/types-of-majorities-in-indian-constitution/amp/ This site also says that effective majority is calculated after deducting both vacant as well as absent seats. But there are some other sites which confirms your answer that only vacant seats are deducted. I tried to search on Loksabha and Rajya Sabha website if the procedure is explained or what but it's not explained on any official site where other details are given. I also checked other books such as Granville Austin's books on constitution and Subhash Kashyap but this has not been mentioned there. However after pondering over wordings used in constitution I think what you are saying is correct but I'll still try to find out exact answer from any official source of possible.
If members coming and not voting are not being counted then how come those members who are not coming will be counted for deduction?please justify
  1. Course: Gain an understanding of Parliamentary Processes and Instruments Lesson: Simple and Effective Majorities Presented by Bhavin Sangoi


  2. About me . B.A in Political Science & Psychology . Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains Teaching Indian Polity, International Relations, economics & mental Ability since 5 years Experience of teaching for various competitive exams such as NTSE, CET & UPSC . Follow me on: https://Unacademy.in/user/BhavinSangoi


  3. Key points - In Parliament all the decisions are taken by majority Law making, passage of Budget, passage of various motions and resolutions, Amendment of constitution etc. form the part of decision Four types of majorities are required depending on the importance of matter concerned


  4. Simple Majority Effective Majority This implies 50% + 1, of members This implies 50% + 1, of the effective strength of House. present and voting in the House . This means total membership of the .This means total membership of the House (absent members + vacant seats + abstention from voting ) 2 +1 House (absent members + vacant seats) 2 +1 | That means if total strength of the House is 245 but 10 members are absent and 11 seats are vacant due to death, expulsion or resignation, and 10 members are present but they are abstaining from voting, then (214-2 107 +1) 108 would be simple majority That means if total strength is 245 but 10 members are absent and 11 seats are vacant due to death, expulsion or resignation, then (224 2 112 +1) 113 would be effective majority


  5. Simple Majority Effective Majority Indian Constitution uses phrase 'majority of members present and voting' or sometimes just 'passed by therequire effective majority House' to require simple majority . Indian Constitution uses phrase 'a majority of all the then members' to


  6. Simple Majority This is the most sought after majority, used for passing the Bills, budget, Effective Majority This majority is required to remove the vice president of India (Article 67), Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha (Article 90), Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha (Article 93) and State legislative assembly (Article 179) and Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the State legislative Council (Article 183) motions and resolutions . No Confidence motion is also Passed by simple ajority by simple majority Resolution passed by the Rajya sabha should be approved by the Loksabha with Simple majority To remove the Vice-President, a resolution has to be passed by effective majority in the Rajya sabha