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Election Procedures Of Indian President ​(for UPSC CSE/IAS exam)
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In this lesson, the presenter acquaints the aspirants with the knowledge required to understand the Election of the president by the electoral college. He begins the lesson by explaining who the members of the electoral college are. He then goes on to explain the calculation of the value of the vote of one Member of Legislative Assembly, of the assembly etc.

Bhavin Sangoi
BA Political Science and Psychology, Mumbai University. Teaching Polity, Economics and international relations for 7 years.

Unacademy user
Sir, by proportional rep. system you mean-- if BJP's total seats (lets say-- 10 % from MH, 8% from KA, 6 % from BR etc) = 50% India, then BJP's Total value vote for its presidential candidate will be 50% * 100000 (Total votes MP--in this video) ??
sir doesn't the proportional representation by single transferrable vote has a set back , because the party at power in centre would get the higher chances of being selected their supported candidate as president
Vicky sunny
2 years ago
no matter what policy we the end we will end up favouring ruling party...which is fair..when people already gave mandate to party @ centre to aid & advice wont matter that much whos president is, given his nominal status...u can see pranab is from congress...and he isnt obstructing NDA...other then few taunts in his many discources addressing college, institutions etc. we cant say 1 side that--democeacy gives every 1 opportunity and majority system rules...and other side, we get concerned with their majority led dominance...we have to happily accept it
Dear Sir. i ddnt complete this lesson.. topics such as what is proportional representation ??? is mit our general election a proportional ? why or why not ??.. Kindly explain sir...thank you
Bhavin Sangoi
3 years ago
1) Proportional representation means every party has votes in Presidential election according to number of seats it has in specific House. If BJP has 50 % seats in Loksabha then at least 50% votes of Loksabha will belong to Congress. 2) General elections in India are conducted by FPTP system in which person who gets maximum number of votes wins the election. This is because Proportional representation system is very convoluted and then in a country like India where we have 1600 parties registered with Election commission, it will just fragmentise the Parliament.
Farishta :-)
3 years ago
'If BJP has 50 % seats in Loksabha then at least 50% votes of Loksabha will belong to Congress. ' belong to congress ---- Sir clear this...
Bhavin Sangoi
3 years ago
Sorry for the typo. It should have been 'if BJP has 50% seats in Loksabha then at least 50% votes will belong to BJP.
Farishta :-)
3 years ago
Thank you sir!!! It means... More than 50% votes of BJP would come from state legislative assembly... right? as you have written ATLEAST 50% votes...
and also why the other UT are not allowed to participate in electing the president
these are under direct control of president just like the nominated memerbs
sir, i dint understand about this five hundred and increase by one .. can you give one example for this
  1. Course: Gain an understanding of Parliamentary Processes and Instruments Lesson: Election of President Presented by Bhavin Sangoi Lesson Election

  2. About me . B.A in Political Science & Psychology . Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains Teaching Indian Polity, International Relations, economics & mental Ability since 5 years Experience of teaching for various competitive exams such as NTSE, CET & UPSC . Follow me on:

  3. Electoral college . President is elected indirectly, by an electoral college consisting of: All the elected members of Parliament All the elected members of Legislative assemblies of State Including assembly of Delhi and Pondicherry

  4. Value of vote of MLA Every elected member of the Legislative assembly of State shall have as many votes as there are multiple of One thousand in the quotient obtained by dividing the population of the state by the . Every elected member of the Legislative assembly of State shall total number of elected members of the Assembly Total population of Maharashtra-5,00,00,000 number of seats in the Assembly-250 = 2,00,000 Quotient 200,000 1000 = 200

  5. Total value of votes of Assembly If after taking the said multiples of one thousand, the remainder is not less than five hundred, the the vote of each member shall be further increased by one Total value of votes of Maharashtra Legislative assembly: 200x 250 = 50,000

  6. Value of vote of MP . Bach elocted member of either Hhouse of Parliament shall have . Each elected member of either House of Parliament shall have such number of votes as may be obtained by dividing the total number of votes assigned to the members of the Legislative assembly of States by total number of elected members of both the Houses of Parliament, fractions exceeding one half being counted as one and other fractions being disregarded

  7. Continued . Total value of votes of all the elected MLAs from all the Assemblies 10,00,000 . Elected MP from Lok Sabha 543 . Elected MP from Rajya Sabha 238 10,00,000 781 1.280.40 Total value of votes of elected members of Parliament- 1280 781 = 9,99,680

  8. Explanation -The election of the President ahall be held by proportional representation by means of single transferable vote . Explanation population of 1971 census should be considered until figure of first census after 2026 are available