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Position Of Rajya Sabha: Seats And Powers (for UPSC CSE/IAS exam)
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​This lesson talks about the Election procedure for seats in Rajya Sabha. All the important points which one should know about this topic is explained. Bhavin also discusses the special powers enjoyed by the Rajya Sabha members and most importantly its stand in case of emergency imposed by President of India.

Bhavin Sangoi
BA Political Science and Psychology, Mumbai University. Teaching Polity, Economics and international relations for 7 years.

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1. A B E C D Mandatory pair - A B 2. B D C A E Mandatory pair - C A, A E 3. E B A C D Mandatory pair - E B, B A
Sakshi Pahwa
a year ago
Watch the lesson on solutions..good effort though
Navin Jha
a year ago
understood my mistakes ma'am. Thankyou
Sir, thank u for wonderful series. It is requested that you please make some videos on current affairs topic related to polity.
Bhavin Sangoi
3 years ago
I am trying to cover embed current affairs in topics that I teach. Exclusive lectures on current affairs will start once I complete all the static and theoretical areas.
Tones of thanks for such awesome video, Sir. i have one question about the life of member in Rajya Sabha. In lok sabha election happens in every 5 years and hence new members comes after every 5 years but what about Rajya sabha? Election happens at different time so, is it like every election in state, parties will send its share of member in Rajya sabha? And members would be changing rotationally and not at a time. Right?
Bhavin Sangoi
3 years ago
Right. Every member of the Rajya sabha has term of 6 years. Every 2nd year, 1/3rd retire and as many new members replace them.
Sir,how the representation for UT's take place..?is it procedure by law of Parliament or proportional representation?
Bhavin Sangoi
4 years ago
Article 80(5) says representative of union territory shall be chosen in such manner as Parliament may by law prescribe. Accordingly Parliament decided that only two union territories Delhi and Puducherry, will send representative in Rajya sabha. These members are chosen by an electoral college, which consists of all the elected members of the legislative assembly of that UT. These election too is conducted by proportional representation system.
Dasari Tejaswini
4 years ago
Sir formerly sorry for asking again and agian the same question.. Actually my doubt wasn't cleared..please help me..where would I find article 80(5) clearly with such ammendments..?is there any other articles in our Constitution decided by Parliament?
Dasari Tejaswini
4 years ago
Thanq sir for u r clarification....
Very beautifully put. Let me put it in a better way, and correct me if I'm wrong. Either President, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha can impose the emergency or only President and the Rajya Sabha can collectively impose emergency if Lok Sabha is dissolved, until such time that Lok Sabha is reconstituted and demand revoking the Emergency.
Bhavin Sangoi
4 years ago
Thanks for the appreciation. There is a technical problem in your explanation. When we use word 'collectively', that means they are doing something together. In reality President, Loksabha and Rajya Sabha work independent of each other. When union cabinet requests in writing, President imposes the emergency. This imposition may be accepted or rejected by Loksabha or Rajya Sabha. Hence we can't say that they do it collectively. Emergency imposed by President has to be approved by both the Houses of Parliament within the period of one month, but if Loksabha is dissolved in this period, then approval of Rajya Sabha is enough, as long as Loksabha isn't reconstituted.
very useful lecture!!! your 10 min video lecture is enough to clear all the doubt of related topic and making interested with including examples of contemporary issues!! plzz continue sir
  1. Course: Gain an understanding of Parliamentary Processes and Instruments Lesson: Position of the Rajya Sabha Presented by Bhavin Sangoi

  2. About me . B.A in Political Science & Psychology . Appeared in UPSC CSE Mains Teaching Indian Polity, International Relations, economics & mental Ability since 5 years Experience of teaching for various competitive exams such as NTSE, CET & UPSC . Follow me on:

  3. Electiorn . Every State has number of seats in Rajya Sabha according to the ratio of its population in total population Election is held by Proportional representation by means of single transferable vote

  4. Special powers Rajya Sabha can enable Parliament to enact certain laws by passing resolution with Special Majority: that Parliament should make aws with rest to any mater that Parliament should make laws with respect to any matter enumerated in the State list specified in the resolution (Article 249) - that one or more 'all-India Services' common to the Union and the States should be created (Article 312)

  5. mergency . If President has imposed any of the three Emergencies and the Lok Sabha has been dissolved, then Emergency can be approved by Rajya Sabha, until after thirty days of the first seating of reconstituted Lok Sabha

  6. Issues Members of the Rajya Sabha are elected indirectly Opposition parties use the Rajya Sabha as a hurdle to dominate elected government . Members of the Rajya Sabha are required to represent the but in reality they representt the party . Joint session of Partliament isn't very effective Joint session of Parliament isn't very effective

  7. Continued Declaring every Bill as money Bill is fraud with Constitution . Constitutional amendments such as GST Bill can't be passed by declaring Money Bill . Big states have more seats in the Rajya Sabha

  8. House of lords In U. K,power of Hof l ced and now it can . In U. K, power of House of lords were reduced and now it carn delay the non Money Bill only for two Parliamentary session or one year. A further restriction is a constitutional convention known as the Salisbury Convention, which means that the House of Lords does not oppose legislation promised in the ruling party's election manifesto

  9. U. S Senate Originally, the US Senate was also indirectly elected from state legislatures, just like the Rajya Sabha today. But in 1913, the constitution was amended to make Senators directly elected by the public of each state