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TIN - What is MSP & FRP ? Minimum Support Price | Fair and Remunerative Price
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Aman Sharma
B.tech (ECE) , M.A(Sociology) STUDY IAS Newspaper Analyst | Motivational Speaker Knowledge, like air, is vital to life.

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  1. TOPIC IN NEWS unacademy What is MSP & FRP? AMAN SHARMA


  2. TOPIC IN NEWS Aman Sharma VVERIFIED Follow B.tech (ECE), M.A(Sociology) The STUDY IAS guy. Knowledge, like air, is vital to life. Like air, no one should be denied it. SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY URRENT AFFAIRS MAY 2018 SCIENCE &TECHNOLDY unacademy By Aman Sharma G (Hindi) May 2018- Science and Technology Current Affairs for... By Aman Sharma Current Affairs Revision for Prelims 2018 By Aman Sharma (Hindi) Crash Course: Science & Technology Current Affairs... AMAN SHARMA


  3. Minimum Support Price TOPIC IN NEWS Minimum Support Price (MSP) <I AMAN SHARMA


  4. Minimum Support Price TOPIC IN NEWS Minimum Support Price (MSP) is a form of market intervention by the Government of India to insure agricultural producers against any sharp fall in farm prices. The minimum support prices are announced by the Government of India at the beginning of the sowing season for certain crops on the basis of the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP). MSP is price fixed by Government of India to protect the producer - farmers - against excessive fall in price during bumper production years. The minimum support prices are a guarantee price for their produce from the Government. The major objectives are to support the farmers from distress sales and to procure food grains for public distribution. In case the market price for the commodity falls below the announced minimum price due to bumper production and glut in the market, government agencies purchase the entire quantity offered by the farmers at the announced minimum price. AMAN SHARMA


  5. Minimum Support Price Historical perspective of MSP TOPIC IN NEWS The Price Support Policy of the Government is directed at providing insurance to agricultural producers against any sharp fall in farm prices. The minimum guaranteed prices are fixed to set a floor below which market prices cannot fall. Till the mid 1970s, Government announced two types of administered prices Minimum Support Prices (MSP) Procurement Prices The MSPs served as the floor prices and were fixed by the Government in the nature of a long-term guarantee for investment decisions of producers, with the assurance that prices of their commodities would not be allowed to fall below the level fixed by the Government, even in the case of a bumper crop. Procurement prices were the prices of kharif and rabi cereals at which the grain was to be domestically procured by public agencies (like the FCI) for release through PDS. It was announced soon after harvest began. Normally procurement price was lower than the open market price and higher than the MSP. This policy of two official prices being announced continued with some variation upto 1973-74, in the case of paddy. In the case of wheat it was discontinued in 1969 and then revived in 1974-75 for one year only. Since there were too many demands for stepping up the MSP, in 1975-76, the present system was evolved in which only one set of prices was announced for paddy (and other kharif crops) and wheat being procured for buffer stock operations. AMAN SHARMA


  6. Minimum Support Price Determination of MSP TOPIC IN NEWS In formulating the recommendations in respect of the level of minimum support prices and other non- price measures, the Commission takes into account, apart from a comprehensive view of the entire structure of the economy of a particular commodity or group of commodities, the following factors:- Cost of production Changes in input prices Input-output price parity . Trends in market prices .Demand and supply .Inter-crop price parity .Effect on industrial cost structure .Effect on cost of living Effect on general price level International price situation Parity between prices paid and prices received by the farmers. Effect on issue prices and implications for subsidy . AMAN SHARMA


  7. Minimum Support Price Determination of MSP TOPIC IN NEWS The Commission makes use of both micro-level data and aggregates at the level of district, state and the country. The information/data used by the Commission, inter-alia include the following- Cost of cultivation per hectare and structure of costs in various regions of the country and changes there in; Cost of production per quintal in various regions of the country and changes therein; Prices of various inputs and changes therein; Market prices of products and changes therein; Prices of commodities sold by the farmers and of those purchased by them and changes therein; Supply related information- area, yield and production, imports, exports and domestic availability and stocks with the Government/publicagencies or industry; Demand related information total and per capita consumption, trends and capacity of the processing industry; Prices in the international market and changes therein, demand and supply situation in the world market; Prices of the derivatives of the farm products such as sugar, jaggery, jute goods, edible/non-edible oils and cotton yarn and changes therein; Cost of processing of agricultural products and changes therein; Cost of marketing- storage, transportation, processing, marketing services, taxes/fees and margins retained by market functionaries; and Macro-economicvariables such as general level of prices, consumer price indices and those reflecting monetary and fiscal factors AMAN SHARMA


  8. Fair and Remunerative Price Pricing policy for sugarcane TOPIC IN NEWS The pricing of sugarcane is governed by the statutory provisions of the Sugarcane (Control) Order, 1966 issued under the Essential Commodities Act (ECA), 1955. Prior to 2009-10 sugar season, the Central Government was fixing the Statutory Minimum Price (SMP) of sugarcane and farmers were entitled to share profits of a sugar mill on 50:50 basis. As this sharing of profits remained virtually unimplemented, the Sugarcane (Control) Order, 1966 was amended in October, 2009 and the concept of SMP was replaced by the Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP) of sugarcane. A new clause 'reasonable margins for growers of sugarcane on account of risk and profits' was inserted as an additional factor for working out FRP and this was made effective from the 2009-10 sugar season. AMAN SHARMA


  9. Fair and Remunerative Price Pricing policy for sugarcane TOPIC IN NEWS Accordingly, the CACP is required to pay due regard to the statutory factors listed in the Control Order, which are the cost of production of sugarcane; the return to the grower from alternative crops and the general trend of prices of agricultural the availability of sugar to the consumers at a fair price; the recovery rate of sugar from sugarcane; commodities; .the price of sugar; the realization made from sale of by-products viz. molasses, bagasse and press mud or their imputed value (inserted in December, 2008) and; reasonable margins for growers of sugarcane on account of risk and profits (inserted in October, 2009). States also announce a price called the State Advisory Price (SAP), which is usually higher than the SMP " AMAN SHARMA


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