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TIN - Dam Safety Bill, 2018 - Part 2 | Mains Answer Writing 2018 | Prelims 2019
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Aman Sharma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Aman Sharma
B.tech (ECE) , M.A(Sociology) YouTube - STUDY IAS Newspaper Analyst | Motivational Speaker Knowledge, like air, is vital to life.

U
Unacademy user
unsuitable boy ke writer... Vikram Seth Hain...
Sahil Patel
a year ago
no brother...answer is Karan johar
ohh...sorry... Suitable boy ka Vikram seth hai... thank you sir ..
Sahil Patel
a year ago
u are welcome brother
  1. TOPIC IN NEWS unacademy Dam Safety Bill, 2018 AMAN SHARMA


  2. TOPIC IN NEWS Aman Sharma VVERIFIED Follow B.tech (ECE), M.A(Sociology) The STUDY IAS guy. Knowledge, like air, is vital to life. Like air, no one should be denied it. SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY URRENT AFFAIRS MAY 2018 SCIENCE &TECHNOLDY unacademy By Aman Sharma G (Hindi) May 2018- Science and Technology Current Affairs for... By Aman Sharma Current Affairs Revision for Prelims 2018 By Aman Sharma (Hindi) Crash Course: Science & Technology Current Affairs... AMAN SHARMA


  3. Dam Safety Bill, 2018 TOPIC IN NEWS This can be a matter of concern, especially since about 75 percent of the large dams in India are more than 25 years old and about 164 dams are more than 100 years old...A badly maintained, unsafe dam can be a hazard to human life, flora and fauna, public and private assets and the environment. India has had 36 dam failures in the past - 11 in Rajasthan, 10 in Madhya Pradesh, 5 in Gujarat, 4 in Maharashtra, 2 in Andhra Pradesh and one each in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Tamil Nadu and Odisha. The provisions of the Dam Safety Bill 2018 will empower the dam safety institutional set-ups in both the Centre and States and will also help in standardizing and improving dam safety practices across the country. The Dam Safety Bill, 2018 addresses all issues concerning dam safety including regular inspection of dams, Emergency Action Plan, comprehensive dam safety review, adequate repair and maintenance funds for dam safety, Instrumentation and Safety Manuals. It lays the onus of dam safety on the dam owner and provides for penal provisions for commission and omission of certain acts. AMAN SHARMA


  4. Dam Safety Bill, 2018 TOPIC IN NEWS INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK The institutional framework for dam safety as provided under the dam safety bill 2018 includes the following: National Committee on Dam Safety(NCDS The Bill provides for constitution of a National Committee on Dam Safety which shall evolve dam safety policies and recommend necessary regulations as may be required for the purpose. AMAN SHARMA


  5. Dam Safety Bill, 2018 TOPIC IN NEWS National Dam Safety Authority (NDSA The Bill provides for establishment of National Dam Safety Authority as a regulatory body which shall discharge functions to implement the policy, guidelines and standards for dam safety in the country. . It shall maintain liaison with the State Dam Safety Organisations and the owners of dams for standardisation of dam safety related data and practices; It shall provide the technical and managerial assistance to the States and State Dam Safety Organisations; .It shall maintain a national level data-base of all dams in the country and the records of major dam failures; It shall examine the cause of any major dam failure; It shall publish and update the standard guidelines and check-lists for the routine inspection and detailed investigations of dams and appurtenances; investigation, design or construction of new dams; or between the State Dam Safety Organisation of a State and the owner of a dam in that State, for proper It shall accord recognition or accreditations to the organisations that can be entrusted with the works of It will also look into unresolved points of issue between the State Dam Safety Organisation of two states, solution; .Further, in certain cases, such as dams of one State falling under the territory of another State, the National Authority shall also perform the role of State Dam Safety Organization thereby eliminating potential causes for inter-state conflicts. AMAN SHARMA


  6. Dam Safety Bill, 2018 TOPIC IN NEWS State Committee on Dam Safety (SCDS) The Bill provides for constitution of a State Committee on Dam Safety by State Government. It will ensure proper surveillance, inspection, operation and maintenance of all specified dams in that State and ensure their safe functioning. It further provides that every State shall establish a "State Dam Safety Organisation", which will be manned by officers from the field dam safety preferably from the areas of dam-designs, hydro-mechanical engineering, hydrology, geo-technical investigation, instrumentation and dam-rehabilitation. State Dam Safety Organization (SDSO The Bill provides that every state having specified number of dams will establish a State Dam Safety Organization which will be manned by officials with sufficient experience in the field of dam safety. AMAN SHARMA


  7. Dam Safety Bill, 2018 TOPIC IN NEWS DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS The Bill lays down that all specified dams will fall under jurisdiction of the SDSO of the State in which the dam is situated; For specified dams owned by CPSUs or where a dam is extended in two or more states or where a dam owned by one state is situated in other state, NDSA shall be construed as SDSO For all dams under their jurisdiction, the State Dam Safety Organizations will be required to .Keep perpetual surveillance Carry out inspections; and Monitor the operation and maintenance. make such investigations & gather such data as may be required. classify each dam as per vulnerability and hazard classification criteria laid down by NCDS Maintain a Log Book/ Data-base recording activities of surveillance/ inspection and important events. maintain records of major dam incidents. render its advice to the concerned dam owner on the safety or remedial measures. AMAN SHARMA


  8. Dam Safety Bill, 2018 TOPIC IN NEWS The dam owners are required to:- Earmark sufficient funds for maintenance & repairs, and to implement the recommendations of SDSO. .Compile all technical documentations related to dam safety, along with information on resources/ facilities to be affected by dam failure. . have state-of-the-art data management tools .Individuals responsible for dam safety to possess qualifications & experience specified by regulations, and undergo adequate trainings In case of construction or alterations of dams: Investigation, design & construction has to be done by recognised organizations Use of the relevant standard codes and guidelines of the BIS. Qualified, experienced and competent engineers, as specified by NCDS, for the purpose of investigation, design & construction . .Demonstration of safety of design, operational parameters and policies to NDSA/ SDSO for approval. .Undertaking of quality control measures, as specified by NCDS. Construction of new dam or alteration/enlargement of existing dam only with the approval of the Competent Authority. .Before initial filling of any reservoir, the filling criteria & initial filling plan, to be prepared. . Safety inspection by SDSO Before initial filling. Establishment of O&M setup with adequate staff. Ensuring a well documented O&M Manual. AMAN SHARMA


  9. Dam Safety Bill, 2018 TOPIC IN NEWS SAFETY INSPECTION & DATA COLLECTION For each dam, owner has to establish within his O&M setup a 'dam safety unit' . Dam owner to undertake, through dam safety unit, pre-monsoon & post-monsoon . Special inspections during & after floods, after earthquake, on sign of distress/unusual .Engineers, as agreed by SDSO, to be stationed at dam site throughout monsoon period, inspections of dam behaviour. and during period of emergency following earth-quake/hazard. For each dam, owner to have a minimum number of dam instrumentations installed; maintain record of readings; and forward analysis to SDSO. Hydro-meteorological station at each dam site. Seismological station for dams higher than 30m or falling in zone IIl or above. AMAN SHARMA


  10. Dam Safety Bill, 2018 TOPIC IN NEWS EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN & DISASTER MANAGEMENT Every owner in respect of each dam to is required to Establish hydro-meteorological network and inflow forecasting system; Establish an emergency flood warning system; Test periodically for the aptness of above systems; Make available information on anticipated inflows, outflows, flood warnings & adverse impacts to authorities and public domain; . Render cooperation to NDSA in running of early warning system. Carry out risk assessment study at interval as specified. First such study within five years; Prepare emergency action plan within 5 years; and for new dams, before the initial filling. Emergency Action Plan to include type of emergencies likely to occur; likely flood in the event of dam failure, along with probable areas, population, structures and installations likely to be affected; Warning procedures, inundation maps and advance preparations for handling adverse situations to avoid loss of human life; Consultation/ cooperation with DM agencies. AMAN SHARMA