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TOPIC IN NEWS unacademy ASSAM BANGLADES ASSAM National Register of Citizens
National Register of Citizens TOPIC IN NEWS What is National register of citizens? It is a list of Indian citizens which is meant to decide who is a bona fide Indian citizen and those who fail to enlist in the register will be deemed illegal migrants. First list was made in 1951 across India according to the census of that year. It is for the first time that it is being updated and that too only in Assam. Now, it is not linked to census but one has to link oneself to a family member whose name had appeared either in the NRC of 1951, or to any of the First prepared by Union state's electoral rolls prepared till midnight of 24th march 1971. The year of 1971 is chosen as it was agreed in Assam accord 1985.lf the applicant's name is not on any of these lists, he can produce any of the 12 other documents dated up to March 24, 1971, like land or tenancy record, citizenship certificate or permanent residential certificate or passport or court records or refugee registration certificate. WHAT IS NRC? Unique to Assam, National Register of Citizens has details of all citizens in the state home ministry in 1951 Present NRC meant to screen illegal immigrants who entered state after March 71 Total applicants: 3.3cr; 1.4cr names still being verified; Final NRC expected by yr-end
National Register of Citizens TOPIC IN NEWS What is the rationale behind the move? .Since 1950s, there is lot controversy regarding migration and citizenship issues. Original inhabitants of Assam always fear that migrants from Bangladesh would compete them with jobs, land and eventually hamper their culture. In late 1970s, All Assam Students' Union spearheaded a massive drive, popularly known as the Assam Agitation calling for the detection, deletion and deportation of illegal Bangladeshi migrants. Assam also witnessed political instability, frequent strikes boycott of elections, thus, bringing the whole state to a standstill. To quell the agitation Assam accord was signed in 1985 between Rajiv Gandhi and leader of Assam movement led by All Assam Students Union (AASU) and the All Assam Gana Sangram Parishad' (AAGSP).Consequently, it paved the way for the formation of government in Assam and promote instability. The demands put forth by them regarding migration issues were: All those foreigners who had entered Assam between 1951 and 1961 were to be given full citizenship, including the right to vote. .
National Register of Citizens TOPIC IN NEWS What is the rationale behind the move? Those who had done so after 1971 were to be deported; the entrants between 1961 and 1971 were to be denied voting rights for ten years but would enjoy all other rights of citizenship. Anyone who entered the state without documents after March 24, 1971 will be declared a foreigner and were to be deported. However, the provisions in the Assam accord were not implemented for a long time. Following this, another agreement was signed in 2005 between the Centre, the Assam government and the AASU and decision was taken to update the NRC on the basis of NRC 1951 and electoral rolls up to 1971. The meeting also fixed a 2-year deadline to complete the exercise. As a result, a pilot project was launched in some districts but it soon erupted violent agitations by groups opposed to such exercise and the NRC update was halted. Thereafter, in 2009 Assam Public Works (APW), an NGO filed a petition in the Supreme Court demanding identification of Bangladeshi foreigners in the State and deletion of their names from the voters' list. Finally the Supreme Court ordered in 2013 to complete the exercise by December 31, 2017 leading to the present updating of NRC.
WS National Register of Citizens TOPIC IN What are the possible challenges? Conflict with citizenship bill Government is mulling to pass Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016 which seeks to grant citizenship to Hindu Bangladeshis, who have enterec Assam illegally post-1971. But once NRC exercise will be completed, a lot of Hindu Bangladeshi might not appear in the list, thus, will be designated as illegal migrants. Thus, it wil lead to confusion and moreover harden the resolve of people not to assimilate Hindu Bangladesh in Assam according to NRO. Exclusion of people Draft NRC could lead to exclusion and inclusion errors and consequently large number of legitimate Indian citizens could end up being denied their voting and other rights Create fault lines Citizenship chronicle A lowdown on the decisive timelines in the genesis of the NRC for the rest of the March 2015: NRC process starts with Assam's Home Commissioner- country is July 19, 1948 June 7, 2010: Plot red in 1951 to make began in Barpeta but the Coordinator roject on NRC update Secretary being made . There is already lot of tension in Assam between Hindus and Muslims 1951: NRC was first prepa a registry of all legal Indian citizens as per the 1951 Census Exclusion of some people might raise apprehensions of exclusion of a particular community creating new fault lines leading to social unrest and further communal tensions was held for a month the deadline for the after four people were exercise extended in killed in police firing of complications March 24, 1971: The deadline for detecting illegal foreigners. It accounted for migrationonsupporters of the experienced of people from Bangladesh, who fled dungll Assam Minority Students' Union, who mA No deportation treaty the 1965 India-Pakistan war, but kept out December 31, 2017 thase who crossed over during the 197were protesting against Frst NRC draft that saw the Uberation of Bangladesh It is been declared that illegal migrants out of the list of NRC will be sent back to Bangladesh however India does not have an deportation treaty with Bangladesh which will lead to further complexities war . the process containing the names of 19 million of 32.9 published July 30, 2018: Cut-off December 17. 2014: August 15, 1985: The Assam Accord ending six years of anti-foreigners' agitation was signed with mldnight of March 24, 1971 incorporated as cut-off date for detecting pu illegal migrants in Assam though the date Court fixes a mion applicants blsh the NRC and monitor the process date for final draft
National Register of Citizens TOPIC IN NEWS Policy decisions, guidelines and funds for NRC updation are provided by the Central Government of India, but its implementation is done through the State Government machinery under the Registrar General of India who functions as the Registrar General of Citizen Registration under Rule 15 of Citizenship Rules, 2003 as amended in 2009 and 2010. The modalities for NRC updation have been developed jointly by the Government of Assam and the Government of India in adherence to these statutes. Eligibility criteria for inclusion in NRC Persons included in the 1951 census Persons on the Electoral Rolls up to midnight 24 March 1971 Descendants of the above-mentioned persons Persons who came to Assam on or after 1 January 1966 but before 25 March 1971 and registered themselves irn accordance to the rules made by the Central Government with the Foreigners Registration Regional Officer (FRRO) and those who have not been declared as illegal migrants or foreigners by the authority v' D" voters can apply to be included if the appropriate Foreigner Tribunal declares them as non-foreigners Persons who can provide any one of the documents issued up to midnight of 24 March 1971 as mentioned in the list of documents admissible for citizenship.
TOPIC IN NEWS National Register of Citizens On 30 July 2018, the final draft of the updated National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam listed 2.89 crore citizens. These were out of 3.29 crore applicants for inclusion. Who are the 40 lakh applicants who were not included in the NRC, and where do they go from here? Why is it called an "updated" NRC? Burdened by decades of migration from Bangladesh formerly East Bengal and then East Pakistan Assam already has an NRC, which was published in 1951 on the basis of that year's Census. The only state with such a document, Assam is currently updating it to identify its citizens. Does the draft published Monday mean that the 40 lakh who were excluded are not citizens? Not necessarily, since this is only a draft. There is scope for filing claims and objections, and authorities including the Assam Chief Minister and the Union Home Minister have clarified that no one will lose his/her citizenship rights or be sent to a detention camp for foreigners merely on the basis of the draft NRC How long do they have to they file these claims and objections? Between August 30 and September 28, at various NRC Seva Kendras. Forms for correction will be available from August 7 at the NSKs, said Prateek Hajela, NRC state coordinator. After that, the final NRC will be published by December 31, the Home Ministry has announced.
National Register of Citizens TOPIC IN NEWS How do those excluded back up their claims for inclusion? They will need to prove that they or their ancestors were citizens on or before March 24, 1971. This is the cutoff date in the Assam Accord of 1985, agreed upon by the Centre, the state and the All Assam Students'Union, at the end of a six-year movement against migration from Bangladesh. How do they prove that? Surviving citizens from the 1951 NRC are automatically eligible for inclusion in the updated version. So are descendants of the survivors and of the deceased provided that they can prove their lineage. Linkage to the 1951 NRC is, however, not compulsory. Going by the cutoff under the Assam Accord, anyone who figured in electoral rolls up to March 24, 1971, or who are descendants of such citizens, are eligible for inclusion in the updated NRC. Various other documents are admissible such as birth certificates and land records - as long as these were issued before the cutoff date.