Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA SCRAMBLE & WORLD WAR 1 BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
Independent states: Liberia, founded by the American Colonization Society of the United States in 1821; declared independence in 1847. Ethiopian Empire (Abyssinia) had its borders redrawn with the establishment of Italian Eritrea; - Ethiopia was occupied by Italy in 1936 during the Abyssinia Crisis.
Colonialism leading to World War l: - During the New Imperialism period, by the end of the 19th century, Europe added almost one-fifth of the land area of the globe to its overseas colonial possessions. -Between 1885 and 1914 Britain took nearly 30% of Africa's population under its control; 15% for France, 11% for Portugal, 9% for Germany, 7% for Belgium and 1 % for Italy. In terms of surface area occupied, the French were the marginal victors but much of their territory consisted of the sparsely populated Sahara The political imperialism followed the economic expansion, with the "colonial lobbies" bolstering chauvinism and jingoism at each crisis in order to legitimise the colonial enterprise
The tensions between the imperial powers led to a succession of crises, which finally exploded in August 1914, when previous rivalries and alliances created a domino situation that drew the major European nations into the First World War.
ur academy Port) Tangier Algiers Canary s Madeira is Canary telands Mediterranean Sea Algeria Igypt ALGERIA LIBYA RIO DE EGYPT HAR Mali umu a Burkina Chad FRENCH WEST AFRICA Khartoum, ERITREAH L. Chad ANGLO EGYPTIAN SUDAN Fashoda Benin Nigeria Addis Aeba NIGERIA African South Republic Sudan Ethiopia Toso ETHIOPIA ASTEARA INDIAN OCEAN ASTAManzibar (8r) ATLANTIC OCEAN Kenya Democratic BELGIAN CONGO Gabon Rebublic of the shash Congo Africa After the Scramble, 1914 Tapgabyika Tanzanla British ANGOLA French Italian Belgian Malawi RHODESIA Zambia AR ERMAN SOUTHWESt Spanish Independent African States REE STATBASUTOLAND UNION O UTH AFRICA 800 km 3 of 20 800 mi Africa
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