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Causes of the Scramble - 1
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This lesson discusses causes for the scramble for Africa.

Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Nandini Maharaj
MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University, BA (Hons.) History from LSR, reader, dancer, love to teach, AIR 42 in 2018 UPSC

Unacademy user
I can't find DNA of 31st December
  1. rankin B SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA CAUSES FOR THE SCRAMBLE (1) By Nandini Maharaj S3 Turu 0 e nitis

  2. IN THIS LESSONS Causes of the Scramble (to be continued) lles Ma PACI 2

  3. CAUSES OF THE SCRAMBLE 3. End of the slave trade e Britain was the only country taking decisive steps to end slave trade . They wanted to actively participate in Africa to lles Ma reduce it PACI 3

  4. CAUSES OF THE SCRAMBLE 4. Explorations Many European expeditions to Africa took place in the 19th century 1788: African Association set up in England, triggering the explorations Henry Stanley Morton was one of the most renowned explorers He was hired by Belgium King Leopold Il to obtain treaties with local chieftains along the course of the River Congo with an eye to creating his own colony lles Ma PACI 4

  5. CAUSES OF THE SCRAMBLE 5. Steam engines and iron hulled boats . Allowed navigation of the non-tidal sections of rivers, allowing access inland Boats were not heavily armed lles Ma .Allowed Stanley to explore Congo PACI

  6. CAUSES OF THE SCRAMBLE 6. Medical advances Africa was earlier known as the white man's grave because of malaria and yellow fever .1817: quinine proved to be the solution to lles Ma malaria Allowed Europeans to survive in Africa PACI 6

  7. CAUSES OF THE SCRAMBLE 7. Colonial Lobbies The expansion of national sovereignty on overseas territories contradicted the unity of the nation state which provided citizenship to its population. Thus, a tension between the universalist will to respect human rights of the colonised people, as they may be considered as "citizens" of the nation state, and the imperialist drives to cynically exploit populations deemed inferior began to surface. lles Ma PACI 7

  8. CAUSES OF THE SCRAMBLE 8. Colonial Lobbies Some, in colonising countries, opposed what they saw as unnecessary evils of the colonial administration when left to itself; as described in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness (1899) and Kipling's The White Man's Burden. Colonial lobbies emerged to legitimize the Scramble for Africa and other expensive overseas adventures. lles Ma PACI In Germany, France and Britain, the middle class often sought strong overseas policies to insure the market's growth. 8

  9. Canary Islands Morocco (Port) Tangier SPANISH Algiers Canary is Casablanca Mediterranean Sea Algeria MOROC Western Libya Egypt ALGERIA LIBYA RIO DE EGYPT Mauritania H AR Mali Dkg Senegal hanju, Gambiaumake Burkina Niger chad Sudan FRENCH WEST AFRICA RENCH Khartoum, ERITREA GAMBIA Djl* L. Chad ANGLO-EGYPTIAN Bissau Guinea Benin Nigeria SUDAN Fashoda . Ivory Ghana NIGERIA Ethiopia CoastTogo adan Lo South Sudan Central ETHIOPIA Cameroon Lib CAMEROONS LILAND BRITISH EAST AFRNC R3O MUN Equatorial Guinea ATLANTIC OCEAN Victona INDIAN OCEAN Democratic ,AT.Kanuala Kenya Rebublic of the BELGIAN CONGO GERMAN EASTARICAZanzibar (Br) Kimbaha Congo CARINDA Africa After the Scramble, 1914 L Tanganyika Dar es Salaa Tanzania British ANGOLA as French Angola German Italian RHODESIA Zambia Lusa ule Portuguese RMAN SOUTHWEST BECHUANALA Belgian Spanish Zimbabwe RICA Namibia ORANGE FREE STATE Botswana Independent African States BASUTOLAND Gaborone Eestocia Maps 0800 km UNION 0F OUTH AFRICA 800 mi South Lesoth Africa

  10. Thank you! lles Ma Please rate, review and recommend Follow me @ NandiniMahara PACI 10