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The Satavahanas (in Hindi)
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One of the two great Indian political powers and organized states during this Post-Mauryan Period was the Satavahana Empire. The Satavahanas had a mysterious origin. They were alternatively known as ‘the Andhras’. Further, the Puranas mention some ‘Andhras’ succeeding the Kanvas in Magadh. Why or why shouldn’t these Andhras be considered as the Imperial Satavahanas, has been explained in the lesson. The important facts related to the various Satavahana emperors, including Gautamiputra Satakarni, have been mentioned. The maps will enable you to properly understand the extent of their rule. These Satavahanas had remarkable effect upon the politics, society, culture and economy of both northern and southern India. They acted as a bridge between the north and the south. This particular lesson is focused upon the noteworthy rulers of the Satavahana Empire.

Abhyudaya Kelkar
Completed B.Com from DAVV, Indore Cleared CS, CWA (CMA) and CA Final (Group I)

U
Unacademy user
hello maam first of all thank you for such a best course
  1. Lesson- 8 eSatavahanas By Abhyudaya Kelkar Cleared CS, CMA (CWA) and CA Final (Group I)


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  3. Shunga and Indo-Greeks Both succeeded the Mauryas Bactrian Greeks were replaced by the Early Kushans Shungas were overthrown by the Kanvas Shunga Empire Patliputra Between 230 and 140 BC, the Parthians gradually drove the Seleucids out of Iran and Iraq The Indo-Greeks faced the onslaught of the Kushanas (Yeuzhi) from the north and the Shakas (Scythians) from the west


  4. The Andhra Dynasty of Magadh = Satavahanas of the Deccan ??? The Puranas mention 'Andhras' succeeding the Kanvas Megasthenes' mention of Andrae having a very powerful army (during the Mauryan Period) adds to the confusion Karavela's inscriptions claim Kharavela defeating Satakani, identified with Shatakarnil, which will push him to c.180 BC These Andhras were presumably Satavahanas The Puranic list mentions many 'Andhra' kings, which is similar to the Satavahana chronology Any other 'Andhras' are not proved yet So possibly the Satavahana rule extended up to Magadh Consequently, the Satavahana Period begins c.75 BC The origin is equally debatable: Three theories exist- Telangana (Koti Lingala in Adilabad Distt.), Maharashtra (Nasik Region), Karnataka (Bellary Distt.)


  5. Reaching a consensus The Kanva Interregnum Theory: Satavahanas immediately succeeded Mauryas, usurped by Kanvas, later restored. But the theory excludes the Shunga Period altogether. The Satyaputra Theory: Ashokan inscriptions mention the otherwise unknown 'Satyaputras'. This theory is poorly received. Naneghat Inscriptions near Junnar, Pune Distt. (credited to Nayanika, the widow of Shatakarni l) enlists the royal Satvahanas. Accordingly, Simuka was the firstruler The scholars are widely agreed upon the first ruler, Simuka, alternatively known as Shishuka, Sindhuka, Chhismaka, Shipraka, etc.


  6. The Initial Kings: Simuka, Kanha and Satkarni Simuka's is assumed to have begun c.75 BC His coins are available Jain accounts claim his adoption of Jainism, but later becoming a tyrant Succeeded by Kanha alias Krishna Kanha was succeeded by Shatakarni I (M Kanha was succeeded by Shatakarni l (Mallakarni- Matsya Puran) Karavela's inscriptions claim Kharavela defeating Satakani, identified with Shatakarni l, whose capital was Masika/Musika/Asika, creating confusion Shatakarni was followed by his two minor sons under the regency of his wife Nayanika- Vedashri and Shakti-Shri The list of successors is very ambiguous


  7. Indo-Scythians (Shakas) Pushed into India by Kushans from the north and Parthians from the west Displaced the Indo-Greeks Probably became vassals of Indo- Parthians Simultaneous rise of the Satavahanas in the Peninsular India Clashes with Satavahanas was inevitable The conflict zone extended roughly from Gwalior to Mumbai Yeuzhi Shaka Invas c.70 B.C. dagadh Malwa Nasik- Surat Malwa and Nasik- Surat regions were hotly contested nga Period The farthest extent of Shakas is not known 10


  8. Yeuzhi The Shaka Polity Shatrap or Satrap of Persian origin became Sanskritized as Kshatraps Takshashila Sigal The head of the Shaka domains was known as 'Mahakshatrap' The major branch ruled the north and was known as 'Northern Kshatraps' Mat Magadh Consequently, the region of Sindh, Gujarat, Malwa and Nasik Regions was under certain Kshatraps, called 'Western Kshatraps' The capital shifted from Sigal to Takshashila, and later to Mathura atavahanas nga Period 10


  9. Hala Usually ahistorical, in absence of inscriptions or coins Hala is mentioned in the Puranic List Placed somewhere between Shatakarnil and Gautamiputra Shatakarni He is the hero of 'Lilavati', the Maharashtri novel c.800 AD, based on the legend of romance between Hala and Lilavati, the princess of Sinhala (Sri Lanka) Hala is also credited with another notable Maharashtri work Gaha Sattasai (Gatha Saptashati), an anthology of Maharashtripoems Surprisingly, Maharashtri Prakrit is the ancestor of Marathi, Sinhalese and Divehi


  10. Gautamiputra Shatakarni The greatest of all Satavahana rulers His mother was 'Gautami Balashri' She is credited with the Nasik Prashasti in Pandav Leni Caves The inscription mentions 're-conquest'and 'restoration' of the previously ruled realms probably Ujjain and Malwa The Prashasti mentions him as the master of - Aparanta, Anupa, Saurashtra, Kukura, Akara and Avanti (roughly Gujarat, western Maharashtra and Malwa) If"Kanva succession Theory, is followed, he must have ruled c.100 AD He defeated and killed the Western Kshatrap, Nahapana, in the eighteentlh year of his reign, thus ending the Kshaharata Dynasty His coins attest his victory over Nahapana He was a patron to both Buddhists and Vedic Sects Performed Ashwamedha Yajna His reign ended somewhere c.130 AD