MAGADH EMPIRE PART 1 Presented by- Agam Jain
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FACTORS FOR RISE OF URBANIZATION Availability of agricultural surplus. Knowledge of scripts Monetization of economy (punch marked coins) Emergence of guilds. Political unification Positive religious policy of heter > Monetization of economy (punch marked coins) > Positive religious policy of heterodox sects.
RISE OF MAGADH EMPIRE Economic strength- A. Fertile plains. B. Favorable climatic conditions. C. Arts/crafts highly developed D. Trade/commerce developed (tamralipti main port)
Politico-military strength- A. Had natural defense (Rajgir surrounded by 5 hills, later Patliputra surrounded by 3 rivers) B. Availability of iron mines. C. Forest resources available D. Elephants were only found in eastern India and thus used in military
Socio-cultur A. Located outside the vedic influence. B. Positive philosophies of heterodox sects. al strength- Role of the rulers- Bimbisara, Ajatshatru, Shishunag, Mahapadma Nanda were great rulers. 1.
NATURE OF MAURYAN POLITY Monarchical. Secular. Provincial svstem developed. State played role in economy. > Elements of bureaucracy (Teertha, Adhyaksha, Mahamatya) Military sta te elements present.
CHANGES UNDER ASHOKA Welfare of the subjects Organized Dhamma yatras. Constitutional character (described duties of officials on edicts) > Policy of Dhammaghosh instead of Bherighosh.
Positives- A. Political unification of the subcontinent. B. Progress in agriculture, arts and crafts, trade and commerce. C. Peace and stability. D. Closer contact with outside world E. Separate civil and criminal courts.
Negatives- A. Depended on personality of the king. B. Judicial system was harsh and cruel C. B D. Spies were maintained thus privacy. was misused at times.
AIR 133 in UPSC CSE 2015. Also pursued B.Tech. in Electronics & Chemical Engineering. Loves to play music and read books.