Harappan Civilisation (Part 3) AGAM JAIN
About Me: AIR 133 (UPSC CSE 2015) B.tech in Electronics and Communication Engineering Interests include Reading Books, Playing Music etc. Course Fee: Contribute Follow me on Unacademy at: https://unacademy.in/user/agam612
Religious life . Practiced nature worship. (water, fire, peepal) . Animal worship (bull seal found) .Believed in gods, goddesses (female figurines found. Seal of proto Shiva)
Continued... Believed in amulets.(amulets found) Used to do aarti sort of thing (black marks on figurines) Private affair (no public temple found) Burial practices say about their belief after death
Continued... .Burial practice . Graveyards located away from habitation area (indicates civic sense) Various types of burial . Indicates difference between rich and poor
Decline of civilisation Theory 1- decline due to foreign invasion . Literary references in Rigveda (Indra as purandar), fight against evil spirits .-Vedic Aryans entered around 150obc and civilization declined around 1750 bc
Other Theories Due to flood (Mohenjodaro hit 7 times) Due to change in course of river. (Hakra-Ghaggar evidence at Kalibangan)
Truth Behind Decline Various factors responsible due to its large extent Ecological imbalance. (agri surplus reduced->affected everything which followed) . Flooding, inundation, earthquake, change in course of river. elif . It failed to evolve with time, Couldn't learn superior tech from contemporary Mesopotamia.
. But it was decline of urban phase only. .It survived in coastal regions of GJ and MH even during 1300 BC.
Continuity . 1. Religion: Nature worship. Amulets Proto shiva and phallus worship
Questions Comparison of urbanization Lessons to be learnt from civilization .Village life during civilization/ its impact ciVi . Draw civilization on the basis of sources found
AIR 133 in UPSC CSE 2015. Also pursued B.Tech. in Electronics & Chemical Engineering. Loves to play music and read books.