BUDDHISM Presented by-Agam Jain
ABOUT ME > Engineer AIR-133 (CSE- 2015)- 2015)-POLICE WALA Course Fee- Contribute Follow me on Unacademy http://unacademy.in/user/AgamJain
CAUSES OF EMERGENCE Brahmanical dominance over social and religious life. (no social mobility, status defined on basis of birth) Brahmanical religion- complex and costly economic changes- A. Bulls needed for agriculture-> brahmans emphasized over their killings->dissent. B. Usury condemned by brahmanas. C. New class of merchants dissatisfied with rigidity in social mobility.
Gautam Buddha > In 6th C BC Born- Lumbini > Died- kushinagar > Bodhi- bodhgaya First sermon- sarnath
SOME POINTS Vinay (discipline related), Sutta (Buddha's teachings), Abhidhamma pitaka (philosophy) Hinayana, Mahayana
TEACHINGS order. influence of upanishads (non-violence, condemning the rituals and priestly domination, gyan marg) > Didn't recognize vedas. Doctrine of conditioned coproduction' (pratiptya samutpad)- one state of life leads to next state thus present keeps on shaping future unendingly. No stand on existence of God
CONT Nirvana could be gained in lifetime by gaining knowledge. 4 noble truths for nirvana- A. Dukkha (sufferings) B. Dukkha samudaya (sufferings comes from desire) C. Dukkha nirodha (stop these desires for stopping sufferings) D. Dukkha nirodhgamini pratipad (way to stop i.e. Ashtangikamarg)
ASHTANGIKMARG Right belief Right thought > Right speech >Right action > Right mean son livelihood Right conduct Right recollection Right meditation
SOCIAL DIMENSION - Rejected caste system > Kshtriya- Brahmana- Vaishya- Shudra Kshtriya- Brahmana- Vai Slaves recognized. Women status wasn't equal to men. Buddha was against their entry in sangha. spread education.
ECONOMIC DIMENSION Supported urban needs. > Practice of usury was allowed.
AIR 133 in UPSC CSE 2015. Also pursued B.Tech. in Electronics & Chemical Engineering. Loves to play music and read books.