Harappan civilization Part 1 Agam Jain
About Me: AIR 133 (UPSC CSE 2015) . B.tech in Electronics and Communication Engineering Interests include Reading Books, Playing Music etc. Course Fee: Contribute e. Follow me on Unacademy at: https://unacademy.in/user/agam612
Harappan civilization - Also called Indus valley But civilization has extended far in all directions -
Geographical extent- 45utkagendor in west iDanmabad in south Alamgirpur in east Manda in north
Cities- Mohenjodaro (great bath) &Harappa Chanhudaro Lothal Kalibangan
Various theories of origin exist: "Theory of foreign origin (MMesopotamian/ Sumerian) Theory of foreign origin (Mesopotamian/Sumerian) But not like that (differences in urban structure, seals, script) - Theory of Aryan origin eorv O . But not like that either (Aryans lived in village)
Theory of indigenous and gradual origin - Gradual transformation since 3500 bc. Initial communities of mehrgarh etc moved near fertile lands of indus . Chalcolithic phase helped in urbanization
Features of civilization Indigenous Urban Presence of urban institutions like modern times (citadel found) Literate (script found) Evolved society (means of entertainment like toys, chess found) *Evolved society (means of entertainment like toys, chess found)
Continued... Utilitarian outlook Materialistic outlook (trade and commerce flourished) Extensive area covered Advanced water management system.
Continued... Multiclass (artisans, craftsmen, traders, merchants) Multiethnic (dravidians, proto austro!oids) No iron, bronze age No iron, bronze age Presence of centralized admin (uniform town planning, brick size, common standard for weights/measures)
AIR 133 in UPSC CSE 2015. Also pursued B.Tech. in Electronics & Chemical Engineering. Loves to play music and read books.