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Six freedoms enshrined under Article 19
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Article 19 - the structure of the article and the six freedoms - freedom of speech and expression, freedom of assembly, freedom of association, freedom of movement, freedom of residence and settlement and freedom of profession - explained

Deepika Reddy Magham is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepika Reddy Magham
BCA, LLB, MBA; Director, Shikara IAS Academy; 10 years experience in teaching Indian Polity, Ethics, Indian Society and Social Justice.

Unacademy user
E-Mitra Plus Delivers Digitalization at Gram Panchayat level POSTED BY PYRO ON FEBRUARY 1, 2018
When I started polity I was curious, when you started teaching each Articles with their restrictions/limitations I become little apprehension of how I will be able to retain so much but the way you taught them ma'am, I become curious and excited again. Thanks a lot, ma'am for such wonderful teaching.
Will take time Lakshman
discuss the restrictions on the six freedoms given in article 19
Mam, under Article 19(1)(c) - Right to form associations/unions/cooperatives, Why political part of it is not available to certain class of citizens?
because political associations can go on a strike and the country's administration will come to a standstill if certain essential services go on a strike
Goodevening Ma'am,Is Article 18(4) applicable even for any bank employee or only for some specific posts?
All public employees
Ok Ma'am, thank you.

  2. ARTICLE 19 - guarantees certain basic freedoms to the citizens under the constitution. these rights are not absolute in nature as each right has reasonable restrictions. The article has six clauses; while 19(1) lists the six rights guaranteed by the Constitution, clauses 19(2) to 19 (6) carry the corresponding limitations.

  3. RESTRICTION ARTICLE NUMBER FREEDOM GUARANTEED Article 19 (1) (a) Speech and expression Article 19 (1) (b) Assemble peacefully without arms Article 19 (3) Article 19 (1) (c) Associations/unions/cooperative Article 19 (4) Article 19 (1) (d) Freedom of movement Article 19 (1) (e) Residence and settlement Article 19 (1) (g) Practice any profession Article 19 (2) Article 19 (5) Article 19 (5) Article 19 (6)

  4. ARTICLE 19 The original constitution quaranteed seven rights under Article 19(1)(a) However, Article 19 (1)(f), that guaranteed the Right to acquire property was removed by the 44th Constitutional Amendment Act 1978 and shifted to 300(A). Therefore the article now guarantees six freedoms.

  5. ARTICLE 19 (1) (a) guarantees to all the citizens the Right to freedom of speech every citizen has the right to express his views, beliefs and term expression includes writing, printing, picturising, and expression convictions freely through words or expression gestures, silence and so on.

  6. ARTICLE 19 (1) (b) guarantees the Right to Assemble peacefully and without arms to all its citizens.

  7. ARTICLE 19 (1) (c) guarantees the Freedom to form associations or Unions or Cooperatives to all the citizens. The right to form associations and unions is to pursue lawful purposes and includes the right to join or not to join any association and the right to continue or discontinue with any association. - The association can be social, political, cultural or economic in nature.

  8. ARTICLE 19 (1) (d) & (e) Article 19(1) (d) guarantees to all the citizens the Right to move freely throughout the territory of India. Article 19(1) (e) guarantees to all the citizens the Right to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India The clauses 19(1) (d) and 19(1)(e) are interlinked because they stress on the oneness of the territory of India and therefore have common restrictions listed under Article 19 (5).

  9. ARTICLE 19 (1) (g) Article 19(1) (g) guarantees the Right to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation or business or trade. the right to starta and close it whenever the owner likes. Thus no citizen can be compelled to carry on a business against his will