Deepika Reddy Magham is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
RIGHTS LESSON 11 - ARTICLE 19 M. DEEPIKA REDDY HYDERABAD
ARTICLE 19 - guarantees certain basic freedoms to the citizens under the constitution. these rights are not absolute in nature as each right has reasonable restrictions. The article has six clauses; while 19(1) lists the six rights guaranteed by the Constitution, clauses 19(2) to 19 (6) carry the corresponding limitations.
RESTRICTION ARTICLE NUMBER FREEDOM GUARANTEED Article 19 (1) (a) Speech and expression Article 19 (1) (b) Assemble peacefully without arms Article 19 (3) Article 19 (1) (c) Associations/unions/cooperative Article 19 (4) Article 19 (1) (d) Freedom of movement Article 19 (1) (e) Residence and settlement Article 19 (1) (g) Practice any profession Article 19 (2) Article 19 (5) Article 19 (5) Article 19 (6)
ARTICLE 19 The original constitution quaranteed seven rights under Article 19(1)(a) However, Article 19 (1)(f), that guaranteed the Right to acquire property was removed by the 44th Constitutional Amendment Act 1978 and shifted to 300(A). Therefore the article now guarantees six freedoms.
ARTICLE 19 (1) (a) guarantees to all the citizens the Right to freedom of speech every citizen has the right to express his views, beliefs and term expression includes writing, printing, picturising, and expression convictions freely through words or expression gestures, silence and so on.
ARTICLE 19 (1) (b) guarantees the Right to Assemble peacefully and without arms to all its citizens.
ARTICLE 19 (1) (c) guarantees the Freedom to form associations or Unions or Cooperatives to all the citizens. The right to form associations and unions is to pursue lawful purposes and includes the right to join or not to join any association and the right to continue or discontinue with any association. - The association can be social, political, cultural or economic in nature.
ARTICLE 19 (1) (d) & (e) Article 19(1) (d) guarantees to all the citizens the Right to move freely throughout the territory of India. Article 19(1) (e) guarantees to all the citizens the Right to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India The clauses 19(1) (d) and 19(1)(e) are interlinked because they stress on the oneness of the territory of India and therefore have common restrictions listed under Article 19 (5).
ARTICLE 19 (1) (g) Article 19(1) (g) guarantees the Right to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation or business or trade. the right to starta and close it whenever the owner likes. Thus no citizen can be compelled to carry on a business against his will