Deepika Reddy Magham is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
RIGHTS LESSON 8- ARTICLE 16 M. DEEPIKA REDDY HYDERABAD
ARTICLE 16 Articles 16(1) and 16 (2) - prohibit the state from discriminating in matters of public employment Article 16 (3), 16 (4) and 16 (5) - lay down exceptions to discrimination, i.e., it specifies that reservations can be provided on basis of domicile, for SCs and STs and minority institutions.
ARTICLE 16 Article 16(1) states that there shall be equality of opportunities for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the state. gives effect to Equality of opportunity envisaged in the preamble.
ARTICLE 16 Article 16(2) "No person shall be discriminated in respect of public employment by state on grounds only of race, religion, caste, sex, place of birth, descent or place of residence or any of them"
ARTICLE 16 Article 16(3) empowers the Parliament to provide for special provisions on grounds of residence in cases of certain class of public employment under the Central Government or the State Government or under the Local Authority
ARTICLE 16 Article 16(4) - empowers the state to provide by-lavw - reservation in public employment in favour of socially and economically Backward Classes, if in its opinion the said class of citizens are not adequately represented in public employment.
ARTICLE 16 Article 16(5) states that the law may prescribe that the incumbent of any office connected with the affairs of religious institution or a member of the governing body shall belong to that particular religion