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Equality of opportunities in public employment
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Article 16 - equality of opportunities in matters of public employment, grounds on which the state is prohibited from discriminating in matters of public employment, exceptions including reservations for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other backward classes explained

Deepika Reddy Magham is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Deepika Reddy Magham
BCA, LLB, MBA; Director, Shikara IAS Academy; 10 years experience in teaching Indian Polity, Ethics, Indian Society and Social Justice.

Unacademy user
Thank u sir. Your lectures are super helpful
mam, if the overall reservation in a state is exceeding from 50% to 75 %, then isn't violating art 16(1) .
mam how then in some employment it is seen that gender based employment opportunities are give by govt
Manjeet singh
4 months ago
was it through article 15
Mam Article 16(4) didn't mentioned the word Economically backward classes at all, it just have socially backward, if a question was asked like indian constitution mentions economically backward class then it is wrong, make sure you clearly put the words, judicial interpretation is different but Article 16(4) doesn't have the word Economically backward classes.
Even SC verdict on Indira Sawhney case said that for OBC reservation Economic backwardness could be used as tool and that community should be socially backward along with inadequate representation in government jobs to get reservation
Going by your class, we would have assign that economically backward class was mentioned in original constitution, i cross checked it and found the error

  2. ARTICLE 16 Articles 16(1) and 16 (2) - prohibit the state from discriminating in matters of public employment Article 16 (3), 16 (4) and 16 (5) - lay down exceptions to discrimination, i.e., it specifies that reservations can be provided on basis of domicile, for SCs and STs and minority institutions.

  3. ARTICLE 16 Article 16(1) states that there shall be equality of opportunities for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the state. gives effect to Equality of opportunity envisaged in the preamble.

  4. ARTICLE 16 Article 16(2) "No person shall be discriminated in respect of public employment by state on grounds only of race, religion, caste, sex, place of birth, descent or place of residence or any of them"

  5. ARTICLE 16 Article 16(3) empowers the Parliament to provide for special provisions on grounds of residence in cases of certain class of public employment under the Central Government or the State Government or under the Local Authority

  6. ARTICLE 16 Article 16(4) - empowers the state to provide by-lavw - reservation in public employment in favour of socially and economically Backward Classes, if in its opinion the said class of citizens are not adequately represented in public employment.

  7. ARTICLE 16 Article 16(5) states that the law may prescribe that the incumbent of any office connected with the affairs of religious institution or a member of the governing body shall belong to that particular religion