Deepika Reddy Magham is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
RIGHTS LESSON 7- ARTICLES 15 AND 16 M. DEEPIKA REDDY HYDERABAD
ARTICLE 15 Articles 15(1) and 15 (2) - prohibit the state from discriminating Article 15 (3), 15 (4) and 15 (5) - lay down exceptions to discrimination
ARTICLE 15 Article 15 (1), "The state shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only o of them." f religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any Article 15 (2) states that no citizen shall, on grounds of race., religion, caste, sex, place of birth, be denied access to public places like hotels, parks and so on.
ARTICLE 15 Article 15 (3) confers powers on the state to make special provisions for the welfare of women and children. Article 15 (4) - inserted by the 1st Constitutional Amendment Act 1951 empowers the state to provide by law special provisions for the advancement of socially and educationally backward classes of citizens, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
ARTICLE 15 Article 15 (5) inserted by the 93rd Constitutional Amendment Act 2005 - empowers the state to provide by law for the advancement of socially and educationally backward classes of citizens, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes for admissions into educational institutions including private institutions whether aided or unaided by the Government except minority nstitutions
ARTICLE 16 Articles 16(1) and 16 (2) - prohibit the state from discriminating in matters of public employment Article 16 (3), 16 (4) and 16 (5) - lay down exceptions to discrimination, i.e., it specifies that reservations can be provided on basis of domicile, for SCs and STs and minority institutions.
ARTICLE 16 Article 16(1) states that there shall be equality of opportunities for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the state. gives effect to Equality of opportunity envisaged in the preamble.
ARTICLE 16 Article 16(2) "No person shall be discriminated in respect of public employment by state on grounds only of race, religion, caste, sex, place of birth, descent or place of residence or any of them"
ARTICLE 16 Article 16(3) empowers the Parliament to provide for special provisions on grounds of residence in cases of certain class of public employment under the Central Government or the State Government or under the Local Authority
ARTICLE 16 Article 16(4) - empowers the state to provide by-lavw - reservation in public employment in favour of socially and economically Backward Classes, if in its opinion the said class of citizens are not adequately represented in public employment.