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Session 5 : January 2019 Most Important MCQs
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Sumant Kumar
B.Tech NIT Allahabad. Have written UPSC Mains Exam 3 times with Physics. Channel "Sumant Kumar" on Youtube. Telegram - "AdSumant"

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  1. HINDUunacademy 58% i209 l Save JANUARY 2019 January 2019 News Editorials Articles Analysis By Sumant Kr, B Tech CSE, NIT Allahabad] Have written UPSC Mains twice Content: Section 1: MCQs: Current/Static Section 2: Analysis of News Editorials + Articles Section 3:Question for Answe Section 4 Discussion of Yest UPSC Prelims 2019 Practice: How/What to write Delivered by: Sum B.Tech in Comp Engg, NIT Allahabad ith 00:02 03:24 F By Sumant Kumar By Sumant Kumar 200 likes 18 comments e Share (Hindi) January 2019 The Hindu Editorials and Newspaper... (Hindi) January 2019 Most Important MCQs for UPSC CSE/IAS HNCI MCOs (Hindi) Mock Test i for UPSC Prelims 2018/2019 Sumant Kumar 6k Followers Follow 73 Lessons 2 Lessons 4.9 (233 ratings) Edit review Overview: Mock Test 1 for UPSC 01 Prelims 2019 Playing 57 ratings 22 reviews 13 ratings 6 reviews Session 1 Mock Test 1 for UPSC 02 Prelims 2019 13:48 Session 2: Mock Test 1 for UPSC 03 Prelims 2019 O 09.07


  2. With reference to Barabar caves, consider the following statements: 1. They were built during the reign of Samudragupta. 2. They were dedicated to the ajivika sect. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Exterior shot - Sudama cave entrance


  3. With reference to Barabar caves, consider the following statements: 1. They were built during the reign of Samudragupta 2. They were dedicated to the ajivika sect Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d)Neither 1 nor 2 Ans B The Barabar Hill Caves are the oldest surviving rock cut caves in India, mostly dating from the Mauryan Empire. It was built during the reign of Ashoka. The Barabar Hill caves were gifted by Ashoka and his grandson Dashratha to the monks of Ajivika sect.


  4. Barabar and Nagarjuni hills near Gaya = Sudama and Lomus Rishi cave o being the earliest known examples in India of rock-cut method. o The facade of the Lomus Rishi cave is decorated with the semicircular chaitya arch as the entrance. o The elephant frieze carved in high relief on the chaitya arch shows considerable movement. The interior hall of this cave is rectangular with a circular chamber at the back o The entrance is located on the side wall of the hall Carved Lomas Rishi cave entrance o The cave was patronised by Ashoka for the Ajivika sect. 2 important features of the caves of this period were 1) Polishing inside the cave. 2) Development of artistic gateway.


  5. Ajanta Caves Dlocated in Aurangabad district(Maharashtra) OAjanta has 29 caves. Olt has 4 chaitya caves datable to earlier phase, i.e. second and first century BCE and the later phase i.e. the fifth century. OIt has large chaitya-viharas and is decorated with sculptures and paintings. Ajanta is the only surviving example of the paintings of the first century BCE and the fiftlh century CE These caves are carved on a perpendicular cliff. As they are on perpendicular side, there are no courtyards. DAll the three forms of Art are combined in these caves : Architecture, Sculpture, Paintings. Fresco Mural Paintings inside the Cave: Padampani


  6. Fresco is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid lime plaster. Water is used as the vehicle for the pigment and with the setting of the plaster, the painting becomes an integral part of the wall.


  7. Ellora Caves Ellora cave site(in Aurangabad district) .located ~100Km from Ajanta .has 32 Buddhist, Bramhanical & Jain caves. has monasteries associated with the three religions dating from fifth century CE onwards to the eleventh century CE .It is also unique in terms of stylistic eclecticism, i.e. confluence of many styles at one place. .12 Buddhist caves o having many images belonging to Vajrayana Buddhism like Tara, Mahamayuri, Akshobhya etc. o Buddhist caves are big in size and are of single, double and triple storey. Their pillars are massive Ajanta also has the excavated double storey caves but at Ellora, triple storey is a unique achievement. All the caves were plastered and painted but nothing visible is left.


  8. JUnlike the Ajanta caves, Ellora cave temples were carved out on slopin side of the hill. Hence most of the temples have courtyards. Ajanta Caves Perpendicular Cliff Slope UThe sculptures at Ellora are monumental, and have protruding volume that create deep recession in the picture space. OThe images are heavy and show considerable sophistication. Cave no 16 is a rock cut temple, known as Kailash leni and it has been carved out of a single rock, a unique achievement of the artisans. Sloping Side Ellora Caves Perpendicular Cliff



  9. Elephanta Caves Junagarh Caves (Uparkot) located near Mumbai. It is ancient fortress. Its entrance, in the form of an archway is a fine were originally a Buddhist site which was later dominated by the Shaivite faith specimen of Hindu torana. Uparkot has many interesting Buddhist caves and was evidently the site of a Buddhist monastery in ancient times. It is contemporary with Ellora its sculptures show slenderness in the body, with stark light and dark effects. Nashik Caves: It is located to SW of Nashik, in Trimbak range of hills. There are 23 Buddhist caves belonging to Hinayana Period of Buddhist architecture and dating back to the 1st Century CE. These are called as Pandu leni meaning group of caves Montepzir/Mandapeshwar Cave: The caves are of particular interest as they are probably the only Bramhanical caves to be converted into a Christian shrine. Bagh Caves dated 6th century CE located near Indore(MP) There are 9 sandstone Buddhist Caves with beautiful Frescos and sculptured work


  10. Chola Sculpture: NATRAJ Shiva is associated with the end of the cosmic world with which this dancing position is associated. O In this chola sculpture he has been shown balancing himself on his right leg and suppressing the apasmara, the demon of ignorance or forgetfulness, with the foot of same leg. At the same time he raises his left leg in bhujangtrasita stance, which represents tirobhava that is kicking away the veil of maya or illusion from the devotee's mind. His four arms are outstretched and main hand is posed in Abhayahasta or the Gesture suggesting. The upper right hand hold & Damaru, his favourite musical instrument to keep on the beat tala O The upper left hand is held in dola hasta and connects with the Abhaya hasta of the right hand. His Hair flocks fly on both the sides touching the circular jwala mala or the garland of flame, which surrounds the entire dancing figuration.


  11. BusinessLine SENSEX 3602554 -369S6Iamq H-D-F-C 197760-055 passa HCL-Technologies 10,78055 +-4925 1-064%) 3alarFinserv 632155 HOME NEWS MARKETS COMPANIES ECONOMY INFO-TECH OPINION SPECIALS PORTFOLJOPREMIM BLINK MORE . Logistics UDAY 2.0 to focus on checking power theft, promoting smart meters: RK Singh Twesh Mishra | Updated on January 22,2019 SMART METERS The government plans to make all electricity meters smart prepaid in three years (from April 1,2019). Smart Meters part of advanced metering infrastructure solution measures and records electricity use at different times of the day and send this information to the energy supplier. O They allow two-way communication between energy providers and consumers of electricity.


  12. Which of the following state recently declared Pakke Hornbill Fest as 'state festival: a) Nagaland b) Assam c) Mizoram d) Arunachal Pradesh Ans D The government of Arunachal Pradesh declared the Pakke Paga Hornbill Festival (PPHF)-the state's only conservation festival, as a "state festival". DownToEarth Isue Download Print Archives SIGN IN in-depth Blogs | Videos Book Store Africa | Climate Agriculture Food RF WILDLIFE&BIODIVERSITY Arunachal govt declares Pakke Hornbill Fest as 'state festival' Four years after it was inaugurated with a number of objectives, Chief Minister Pema Khandu promises funding NEXT NEWS> By Rajat Ghai Last Updated: Monday 21 January 2019


  13. Federal Features of the Constitution 1. Dual Polity 2. Written Constitution 3. Division of Powers 4. Supremacy of the Consti 5. Rigid Constitution 6. Independent Judiciary 7. Bicameralism Unitary Features of the Constitution 1. Strong Centre 2. States Not Indestructible 3. Single Constitution 4. Flexibility of the Constitution 5. No Equality of State Representation 6. Emergency Provisions 7. Single Citizenship 8. Integrated Judiciary 9. All-India Services 10. Integrated Audit Machinery 11. Parliament's Authority Over State List 12. Appointment of Governor 13. Integrated Election Machinery 14. Veto Over State Bills tution


  14. Global Risks Report is released by a) World Bank b) WTO c) World Meteorological Organization d) World Economic Forum Ans D The Global Risks Report 2019 has been released by the World Economic Forum (WEF). UPSC CSE Prelims 2014 Which of the following organizations brings out the publication known as 'World Economic Outlook'? (a) The International Monetary Fund (b) The United Nations Development Programme (c) The World Economic Forunm (d) The World Bank Answer: (a) The International Monetary Fund UPSC CSE Prelims 2015 Question: Which one of the following issues the 'Global Economic Prospects' report periodically? (a) The Asian Development Bank (b) The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (c) The US Federal Reserve Bank (d) The World Bank Answer: (d) The World Bank


  15. Global Risk Report Olt is an annual study published by the WEF ahead of its annual meeting Based on the work of the Global Risk Network, the report describes changes occurring in the global risks Dlandscape from year to year and identifies global catastrophic risks lt considers risks that are global in their nature and its impact. lt also explores the interconnectedness of risks, and considers how the strategies for the mitigation of global risks might be structured Olt is intended to raise awareness about the need for a multi-stakeholder approach to the mitigation of global risk. The criteria for what constitutes a global risk 1) Global scope A risk should have the potential to affect at least three world regions in at least two different continents. 2) Cross-industry relevance The risk has to affect three or more industries 3) Uncertainty There should be uncertainty about how the risk manifests itself within ten years combined with uncertainty about the magnitude of its impact. 4) Economic impact The risk should have the potential to cause economic damage of at 10 billion US$ or more. OThe report publishes list of risks which create more impact and which are more likely to happen The most impactful global risks are weapons of mass destruction, Extreme weather events, water crises, Major natural disasters, Failure of climate-change mitigation and adaptation The most likely global risks are Extreme weather events, large-scale involuntary migration, major natural disasters, large-scale terrorist attacks, massive incident of data fraud/theft


  16. Press Information Bureau Government of India Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation "Paisa Portal for Affordable Credit & Interest Subvention Access", Launched Paisa Portal for Affordable Credit & Interest Subvention Access which is a centralized electronic platform for processing interest subvention on bank loans has been launched for which of the following scheme? a) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana -National Rural Livelihoods Mission b) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Urban Livelihoods Mission c) Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana d) Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin)


  17. Highlights of the Research Paper Since India is heavily dependent on oil imports for meeting its domestic demand, it remains susceptible to global crude price shocks. * An increase in crude price>worsens the CAD o this adverse impact cannot be significantly contained through higher growth. o Hence a crude price shock will result in high CAD to GDP ratio o The crude price of USD 85/barrel in the worst case scenario will result in deficit increases by USD 106.4 billion, which is 3.61 per cent of the GDP on account of the oil shock o Every increase of USD 10/barrel in crude prices leads to an additional USD 12.5 billion deficit. This is roughly 43 bps of the country's GDP Hence every USD 10/barrel increase in crude price will shoot up the CAD/GDP ratio by 43 bps. if the price increase is passed on directly to the final consumers, it will result in increased inflation. O It is estimated that a USD 10/barrel increase in crude price at the price of USD 65/barrel will lead to a 49 basis points increase in headline inflation and a USD 10/barrel increase in crude price at the price of USD 55/barrel gives around a 58 bps increase in headline inflation. * If the government decides not to pass on the USD 1O/barrel increase in crude price to customers the fiscal deficit would increase by 43 bps. The actual impact on the inflation and fiscal deficit will depend on the level of government intervention through changes in tax and subsidy in the domestic oil markets.


  18. Consider the following statements about Small Farmers' Agri-Business Consortium (SFAC) 1.SFAC has pioneered the formation of Farmer Producer Organizations/Farmer Producer Companies. 2.lt offers Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme to FPCs to improve availability of working capital. 3.lt implements e-Nam Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Answer: (D) Explanation: SFAC is an exclusive Society focused on increasing incomes of small and marginal farmers through aggregation and development of agribusiness. .SFAC has pioneered the formation and growth of Farmer Producer Organizations/Farmer Producer Companies. .SFAC offers Schemes like Equity Grant and Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme to FPCs to improve availability of working capital and development of business activities. SFAC is also implementing the National Agriculture Market Electronic Trading (e-Nam) platform