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Session 6 : January 2019 Most Important MCQs
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Sumant Kumar
B.Tech NIT Allahabad. Scored 136 & 120 consecutively in UPSC Prelims. YouTube Channel "Crackers' IAS Academy". Telegram - "CrackersIAS"

U
Unacademy user
sir I listened that The best teachers teach from the heart, not from the book. – you are like this you are the best your all lessons are nature and best we can not get this point from book.....
  1. unacademy January 2019 Most Important MCQs UPSC Prelims 2019 Delivered by : Sumant Kumar B.Tech in Computer Science & Engg, NIT Allahabad & Have written UPSC Mains twice with Physics Optional


  2. HINDUunacademy 58% i209 l Save JANUARY 2019 January 2019 News Editorials Articles Analysis By Sumant Kr, B Tech CSE, NIT Allahabad] Have written UPSC Mains twice Content: Section 1: MCQs: Current/Static Section 2: Analysis of News Editorials + Articles Section 3:Question for Answe Section 4 Discussion of Yest UPSC Prelims 2019 Practice: How/What to write Delivered by: Sum B.Tech in Comp Engg, NIT Allahabad ith 00:02 03:24 F By Sumant Kumar By Sumant Kumar 200 likes 18 comments e Share (Hindi) January 2019 The Hindu Editorials and Newspaper... (Hindi) January 2019 Most Important MCQs for UPSC CSE/IAS HNCI MCOs (Hindi) Mock Test i for UPSC Prelims 2018/2019 Sumant Kumar 6k Followers Follow 73 Lessons 2 Lessons 4.9 (233 ratings) Edit review Overview: Mock Test 1 for UPSC 01 Prelims 2019 Playing 57 ratings 22 reviews 13 ratings 6 reviews Session 1 Mock Test 1 for UPSC 02 Prelims 2019 13:48 Session 2: Mock Test 1 for UPSC 03 Prelims 2019 O 09.07


  3. Fresco is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid lime plaster. Water is used as the vehicle for the pigment and with the setting of the plaster, the painting becomes an integral part of the wall.


  4. JUnlike the Ajanta caves, Ellora cave temples were carved out on slopin side of the hill. Hence most of the temples have courtyards. Ajanta Caves Perpendicular Cliff Slope UThe sculptures at Ellora are monumental, and have protruding volume that create deep recession in the picture space. OThe images are heavy and show considerable sophistication. Cave no 16 is a rock cut temple, known as Kailash leni and it has been carved out of a single rock, a unique achievement of the artisans. Sloping Side Ellora Caves Perpendicular Cliff


  5. Elephanta Caves Junagarh Caves (Uparkot) located near Mumbai. It is ancient fortress. Its entrance, in the form of an archway is a fine were originally a Buddhist site which was later dominated by the Shaivite faith specimen of Hindu torana. Uparkot has many interesting Buddhist caves and was evidently the site of a Buddhist monastery in ancient times. It is contemporary with Ellora its sculptures show slenderness in the body, with stark light and dark effects. Nashik Caves: It is located to SW of Nashik, in Trimbak range of hills. There are 23 Buddhist caves belonging to Hinayana Period of Buddhist architecture and dating back to the 1st Century CE. These are called as Pandu leni meaning group of caves Montepzir/Mandapeshwar Cave: The caves are of particular interest as they are probably the only Bramhanical caves to be converted into a Christian shrine. Bagh Caves dated 6th century CE located near Indore(MP) There are 9 sandstone Buddhist Caves with beautiful Frescos and sculptured work


  6. Chola Sculpture: NATRAJ Shiva is associated with the end of the cosmic world with which this dancing position is associated. O In this chola sculpture he has been shown balancing himself on his right leg and suppressing the apasmara, the demon of ignorance or forgetfulness, with the foot of same leg. At the same time he raises his left leg in bhujangtrasita stance, which represents tirobhava that is kicking away the veil of maya or illusion from the devotee's mind. His four arms are outstretched and main hand is posed in Abhayahasta or the Gesture suggesting. The upper right hand hold & Damaru, his favourite musical instrument to keep on the beat tala O The upper left hand is held in dola hasta and connects with the Abhaya hasta of the right hand. His Hair flocks fly on both the sides touching the circular jwala mala or the garland of flame, which surrounds the entire dancing figuration.


  7. BusinessLine SENSEX 3602554 -369S6Iamq H-D-F-C 197760-055 passa HCL-Technologies 10,78055 +-4925 1-064%) 3alarFinserv 632155 HOME NEWS MARKETS COMPANIES ECONOMY INFO-TECH OPINION SPECIALS PORTFOLJOPREMIM BLINK MORE . Logistics UDAY 2.0 to focus on checking power theft, promoting smart meters: RK Singh Twesh Mishra | Updated on January 22,2019 SMART METERS The government plans to make all electricity meters smart prepaid in three years (from April 1,2019). Smart Meters part of advanced metering infrastructure solution measures and records electricity use at different times of the day and send this information to the energy supplier. O They allow two-way communication between energy providers and consumers of electricity.


  8. GHP - Global Warming Potential Which one among the following gases has the maximum global warming potential? (a) CO2 (b) Methane (c) Nitrous Oxide (d) Sulphur Hexafluoride Ans D CO2-1 Methane- 56 .Nitrous Oxide 280 Sulphur Hexafluoride- 16300 What is GWP- Global Warming Potential? O It is a relative measure of how much heat a greenhouse gas traps in the atmosphere It compares the amount of heat trapped by a certain mass of the gas in question to the amount of heat trapped by a similar mass of carbon dioxide.


  9. Which of the following state recently declared Pakke Hornbill Fest as 'state festival: a) Nagaland b) Assam c) Mizoram d) Arunachal Pradesh Ans D The government of Arunachal Pradesh declared the Pakke Paga Hornbill Festival (PPHF)-the state's only conservation festival, as a "state festival". DownToEarth Isue Download Print Archives SIGN IN in-depth Blogs | Videos Book Store Africa | Climate Agriculture Food RF WILDLIFE&BIODIVERSITY Arunachal govt declares Pakke Hornbill Fest as 'state festival' Four years after it was inaugurated with a number of objectives, Chief Minister Pema Khandu promises funding NEXT NEWS> By Rajat Ghai Last Updated: Monday 21 January 2019


  10. Global Warming Potential (GWP) compares the amount Global Warming Potential (GWP) of heat trapped by a certain mass of a gas to the amount of heat trapped by a similar mass of carbontrapped by a certain mass of a gas to dioxide, calculated over a specific time interval commonly 20, 100 or 500 years The GWP depends on which of the following factors? calculated over a specific time 1. The absorption of infrared radiation by a given species. 2. The spectral location of its absorbing wavelengths. 3. The atmospheric lifetime of the species. Select the correct answer using the codes given below. (a) Only 1 (b) Only 3 (c) 1 and2 (d) 1, 2 and 3 compares the amount of heat the amount of heat trapped by a similar mass of carbon dioxide, interval o The GWP depends on the absorption of infrared radiation bv a given species. o The spectral location of its absorbing wavelengths. o The atmospheric lifetime of the species also plays a dominate role in global warming potential.


  11. Which one of the following determines that the Indian Constitution is federal? (a) A written and rigid Constitution (b) An independent Judiciary (c) Vesting of residuary powers with the Centre (d) Distribution of powers between the Centre and the States Ans D and the regional governments, if at all exist, derive their authority from the national government. Eg. Britain, France, Japan, China, Italy, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, Spain A federal government is one in which powers are divided between the national government and the regional governments by the Constitution itself and both operate in their respective jurisdictions independently and so on have the unitary model of government Eg. US, Switzerland, Australia, Canada, Russia, Brazil, Argentina and so on have the federal model of government.


  12. Federal Features of the Constitution 1. Dual Polity 2. Written Constitution 3. Division of Powers 4. Supremacy of the Consti 5. Rigid Constitution 6. Independent Judiciary 7. Bicameralism Unitary Features of the Constitution 1. Strong Centre 2. States Not Indestructible 3. Single Constitution 4. Flexibility of the Constitution 5. No Equality of State Representation 6. Emergency Provisions 7. Single Citizenship 8. Integrated Judiciary 9. All-India Services 10. Integrated Audit Machinery 11. Parliament's Authority Over State List 12. Appointment of Governor 13. Integrated Election Machinery 14. Veto Over State Bills tution


  13. Which of the following feature(s) Answer: (B) does not ascribe to federal nature of Federal features of Indian constitution Indian polity? 1.Written constitution 2. Bicameral legislature. 3.Integrated Judiciary 4.Dual Polity. 5.All India services. include Dual Polity at union and states, written Constitution, supremacy of constitution, Independent Judiciary, Bicameralism division of powers etc. Unitary Features of Constitution are a strong centre, single constitution, Integrated Judiciary, Emergency provisions, indestructible states, Appointment of Governor, single citizenship, All India services, integrated audit machinery etc. Select the correct answer using the codes given below a)1 and 4 only b)3 and 5 only c)1, 2 and 4 only d)2, 3 and 5 only


  14. Press Information Bureau Government of India Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation "Paisa Portal for Affordable Credit & Interest Subvention Access", Launched Paisa Portal for Affordable Credit & Interest Subvention Access which is a centralized electronic platform for processing interest subvention on bank loans has been launched for which of the following scheme? a) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana -National Rural Livelihoods Mission b) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Urban Livelihoods Mission c) Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana d) Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin)


  15. Highlights of the Research Paper Since India is heavily dependent on oil imports for meeting its domestic demand, it remains susceptible to global crude price shocks. * An increase in crude price>worsens the CAD o this adverse impact cannot be significantly contained through higher growth. o Hence a crude price shock will result in high CAD to GDP ratio o The crude price of USD 85/barrel in the worst case scenario will result in deficit increases by USD 106.4 billion, which is 3.61 per cent of the GDP on account of the oil shock o Every increase of USD 10/barrel in crude prices leads to an additional USD 12.5 billion deficit. This is roughly 43 bps of the country's GDP Hence every USD 10/barrel increase in crude price will shoot up the CAD/GDP ratio by 43 bps. if the price increase is passed on directly to the final consumers, it will result in increased inflation. O It is estimated that a USD 10/barrel increase in crude price at the price of USD 65/barrel will lead to a 49 basis points increase in headline inflation and a USD 10/barrel increase in crude price at the price of USD 55/barrel gives around a 58 bps increase in headline inflation. * If the government decides not to pass on the USD 1O/barrel increase in crude price to customers the fiscal deficit would increase by 43 bps. The actual impact on the inflation and fiscal deficit will depend on the level of government intervention through changes in tax and subsidy in the domestic oil markets.


  16. Silver Jubilee: Minister says SFAC's FPOs are better than that of Nabarg by Ajay JhaJanuary 18, 2019 in Agriculture 0 Consider the following statements about Small Farmers' Agri-Business Consortium (SFAC) 1.SFAC has pioneered the formation of Farmer Producer Organizations/Farmer Producer Companies. 2.lt offers Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme to FPCs to improve availability of working capital 3.It implements e-Nam. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


  17. Consider the following statements about Small Farmers' Agri-Business Consortium (SFAC) 1.SFAC has pioneered the formation of Farmer Producer Organizations/Farmer Producer Companies. 2.lt offers Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme to FPCs to improve availability of working capital. 3.lt implements e-Nam Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Answer: (D) Explanation: SFAC is an exclusive Society focused on increasing incomes of small and marginal farmers through aggregation and development of agribusiness. .SFAC has pioneered the formation and growth of Farmer Producer Organizations/Farmer Producer Companies. .SFAC offers Schemes like Equity Grant and Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme to FPCs to improve availability of working capital and development of business activities. SFAC is also implementing the National Agriculture Market Electronic Trading (e-Nam) platform


  18. Consider the following statements about Pradhan Mantri Roigar Protsahan Yojana 1.The Government pays the employers' EPS contribution of 8.33%, for the new employees, for the first five years of their employment. 2.The scheme is being implemented by Ministry of Finance. 3.New employees earning wages more than Rs 15,000/-per month are not eligible Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Answer: (C) Explanation: The PMRPY Scheme aims to incentivise employers for employment generation by the Government paying the employers, EPS contribution of 8.33%, for the new employees, for the first three years of their employment and is proposed to be made applicable for unemployed persons that are semi-skilled and unskilled. The scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Labour and Employment and is operational since August, 2016. The PMRPY Scheme is targeted for employees earning wages less than Rs 15,000/- per month. Thus, new employees earning wages more than Rs 15,000/- per month will not be eligible.


  19. Which among the following constitute Crisil downgrades heis knon intetl as the eig Three' among Credit Rating Agencies? 1.Standard & Poor's aults on NCDs 2.Moody's 3.FICCI's Ratings 4.ARC Ratings Select the correct answer using the codes given below ) 1, 2 and 3 b) 1 and 2 only c) 3 and 4 only d) 1, 2 and 4


  20. With reference to "Chilka Lake", recently in news, which of the following statement is/are correct? 1.lt is Asia's largest brackish water lagoon. 2.It is situated along the east coast of India in the state of West Bengal. 3.The Irrawaddy dolphin is the flagship species of Chilika lake. Select the correct answer using the code given below. a.1 and 2 only b.2 and 3 only c.1 and 3 only d.1, 2 and 3


  21. With reference to "Chilka Lake", recently in news, which of the following statement is/are correct? Ans C .Lakhs of migratory birds have 1.lt is Asia's largest brackish water lagoon. 2.It is situated along the east coast of India in theAsia's largest brackish water state of West Bengal. 3.The Irrawaddy dolphin is the flagship species of is situated along the east coast Chilika lake. made their way to the Chilika Lake, lagoon. of India in the state of Odisha flagship species of Chilika lake. Select the correct answer using the code given below. The Irrawaddy dolphin is the a.1 and 2 only b.2 and 3 only c.1 and 3 only d.1, 2 and 3


  22. DownToEarth Issue Download Print Archives In-depth logs V Book Store Climate Agriculture Africa Food Mission to conserve indigenous cow breeds kicked off Rs 150- crore allocated in current financial year Rashtriya Gokul Mission Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare is implementing the scheme to conserve and develop indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner. V The scheme comprises of two components 1.National Programme for Bovine Breeding (NPBB) and 2.National Mission on Bovine Productivity (NMBP)


  23. Objectives of the Mission Development and conservation of indigenous breeds. DUndertaking breed improvement programmes for indigenous cattle breeds so as to improve the genetic makeup and increase the stock. Enhancing milk production and productivity. JUpgrading nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi ODistributing disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.


  24. Initiatives undertaken under the Rashtriya Gokul Mission Establishment of integrated cattle development centres 'Gokul Grams' to develop indigenous breeds. O Awards for encouraging farmers and breeder societies to rear Indigenous breeds of Bovines O Gopal Ratna award for farmers maintaining the best herd of Indigenous Breed and practising best management practices, O Kamdhenu award for best managed Indigenous Herd by Institutions/Trusts/ NGOs Gaushalas or best-managed Breeders' Societies. National Kamdhenu Breeding Centres are being established as Centres of Excellence to develop and conserve Indigenous Breeds in a holistic and scientific manner. An e-market portal "E-Pashu Haat"-Nakul Prajnan Bazaar for connecting breeders and farmers, an authentic market for quality- disease-free bovine germplasm in the form of i) semen; ii) embryos; iii) calves; iv) heifers and v) adult bovines with different agencies/stakeholders. Pashu Sanjivni Programme encompassing the provision of Animal Health cards ('Nakul Swasthya Patra') along with UID identification and uploading data on National Data Base Advanced Reproductive Technology: Including Assisted Reproductive Technique-In-vitro Fertilization (IVF)/ Multiple Ovulation Embryo Transfer (MOET) and sex-sorted semen technique to improve the availability of disease-free female bovines. ONational Bovine Genomic Center for Indigenous Breeds (NBGC-IB) for selection of breeding bulls of high genetic merit at a young age using highly precise gene-based technology.