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Session 1: January 2019 Most Important MCQs
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Sumant Kumar
B.Tech NIT Allahabad. Have written UPSC Mains Exam 3 times with Physics. Channel "Sumant Kumar" on Youtube. Telegram - "AdSumant"

U
Unacademy user
mam alpam koodi sound undayirunnu enkil valare nallathayirunnu
Arya G
5 months ago
k sound koottam day time il recording cheida konda. nxt class mudal ok aakkam😊
sir Apne jo 2018 mein full ek saal ki MCQ ki bnaye the, wo bohot helpful tha aur but date common bhi mila tha. kyaa AAP August 2018 se lekar 2019 March taak ek course wesha hi B'na sakte hai ?? bht help hoga hum logo Kel liye.🙏🏼
thankyou Sir..keep it continue
Is there anyone to reply our comments...?
Sumant Kumar
9 months ago
Yup. I'm here.
Sumant Kumar
9 months ago
If you want previous days Analysis then you should have asked. Please reconsider the rating on the Hindu Analysis course.
Shawez Rehman
9 months ago
Okay thanks sir... I do it...
great initiative sir.....thank you so so much
2018 prelims m bhi bht useful the sir videos...plz continue ths... thank you
Sumant Kumar
9 months ago
Sure :)
  1. unacademy January 2019 Most Important MCQs UPSC Prelims 2019 Delivered by : Sumant Kumar B.Tech in Computer Science & Engg, NIT Allahabad * Have written UPSC Mains twice with Physics Optional


  2. Sumant Kumar VERIFIED Follow An NIT Allahabad Graduate. Computer Sci & Engg. Have written UPSC Mains 2 times with Physics. Follow me for TheHindu News/Edit + CA Analysis in last 30 days Review Share 0 Following By Sumant Kumar By Sumant Kumar (Hindi) Mock Test 1 for UPSC Prelims 2018/2019 (Hindi) April 2018: The Hindu Daily News & Editorial Analysis... 40 Lessons 31 Lessons unacademy.com/us rlAdSumant 147 ratings 38 reviews 72 ratings 21 reviews


  3. Press Information Bureau Government of India Ministry of Women and Child Development 14-December-2016 18:13 IST Mahila Police Volunteer Initiative launched in Haryana Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi congratulates Haryana for becoming the first state to implement the new scheme for safety of women The Mahila Police Volunteer initiative was launched in Haryana today. By launching the initiative in Karnal and Mahendragarh districts, Haryana became the first state to adopt this scheme. Originally conceived by the Union Ministry of Women & Child Development, Mahila Police Volunteer is a joint initiative with the Union Ministry of Home Affairs. Haryana today inducted the first batch of 1000 Mahila Police Volunteers. These volunteers have already been trained by the state State Police Authorities on their role and responsibility.


  4. Press Information Bureau Government of India Ministry of Women and Child Development Proposals of several states approved for implementation of Mahila Police Volunteer Scheme Consider the following statements with reference to the Mahila Police Volunteers (MPVs) Scheme: It is a joint initiative of Ministry of Home Affairs and Union Ministry of Women & Child Development. 1) 2) Every Gram Panchayat across the country will have One Mahila Police Volunteer. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2


  5. Consider the following statements with The Mahila Police Volunteers scheme authorities and the local communities in villages specially trained for this purpose. reference to the Mahila Police Volunteers envisages creation of a link between the police (MPVs) Scheme: 1)lt is a joint initiative of Ministry ofthrough police volunteers who will be women Home Affairs and Union Ministry of Women & Child Development. Their primary job will be to keep an eye on situations where 2)Every Gram Panchayat across the country will have One Mahila Police Volunteer. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Answer: (C) o women in the village are harassed or o their rights and entitlements are denied or o their development is prevented. .Haryana is the first state to adopt the initiative at Karnal and Mahindergarh District on a pilot basis under Nirbhaya Fund during the financial year 2016-2017.


  6. Mahila Police Volunteer Scheme Ministry : Ministry of Women and Child Development in collaboration with the Ministry of Home Affairs. Scheme: A Mahila Police Volunteer o could be any woman who is socially and voluntarily committed towards empowerment of women and girls, willing to raise her voice against gender-based violence and support the police in creating a gender just society free from violence. o should be minimum 21 years of age and possess at least 12th pass certificate. o must be from the same geographical area and conversant with the local dialects. ONo criminal proceedings must have been instituted against her and she must not have been convicted or imprisoned for the violation of any criminal law. A Mahila Police Volunteer should not be a member of any political party. The Mahila Police Volunteers in the States/UTs will act as a link between police and community and help women in distress. OThere will be one Mahila Police Volunteer per Gram Panchayat.


  7. Accountability: OMahila Police volunteers will directly report to the Circle Inspector in the Police Thana. Responsibility: OThe Mahila Police volunteers are required to mobilize the community to form Mahila and Shishu Rakshak Dals (MASRD) to act as community watch groups. The broad mandate of the Mahila Police Volunteer is to report incidences of violence against women such as domestic violence, child marriage, dowry harassment and violence faced by women in public spaces. OA Mahila Police Volunteer is an honorary position and they are paid an honorarium of Rs 1,000 per month.


  8. PM Modi dedicates IRRI's South Asia Regional Centre to nation PM Modi Inaugurates International Rice Research Centre In Varanasi The International Rice Research Institute's South Asia Regional Centre in Varanasi will serve as a hub for rice research and training in South Asia. Consider the following statements with reference to the International Rice Research Institute IRRI 1.IRRI is known for its work in developing rice varieties that contributed to the Green Revolution in the 1960s. 2.It aims reduce poverty and hunger, improve the health of rice farmers and consumers. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2


  9. Consider the following statements with reference to the International Rice Research Institute IRRI 1.IRRI is known for its work in developing rice varieties that contributed to the Green Revolution in the 1960s. 2.lt aims reduce poverty and hunger, improve the health of rice farmers and consumers. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Answer: (C)


  10. Consider the following statements with reference to the International Rice Research Institute IRRI 1) Recently the 6th IRRI, South Asia Regional Center (ISARC) was dedicated to the nation 2) It is the largest non-profit agricultural research centre in Asia. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2


  11. Consider the following statements with reference to the International Rice Research Institute IRRI 1) Recently the 6th IRRI, South Asia Regional Center (ISARC) was dedicated to the nation 2) It is the largest non-profit agricultural research centre in Asia. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2 Answer: (C)


  12. The Prime Minister dedicated the 6th International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), South Asia Regional Center (ISARC) to the nation. OThe Institute is built at the campus of National Seed Research and Training Center (NSRTC) in Varanasi. Dis an international agricultural research and training organization Oknown for its work in developing rice varieties that contributed to the The International Rice Research Institute-IRRI Green Revolution in the 1960s. established in 1960 Oaims to o reduce poverty and hunger, o improve the health of rice farmers and consumers, and o ensure environmental sustainability of rice farming. Dlt is also the largest non-profit agricultural research center in Asia.


  13. Central Statistics Office (CSO) Dunder the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation coordinates the statistical activities in the country and evolves statistical standards. Functions of the CSO o National Income Accounting+ conducting of Annual Survey of Industries, o Economic Censuses and its follow up surveys, o compilation of Index of Industrial Production, as well as Consumer Price Indices for Urban Non-Manual Employees, Human Development Statistics, Gender Statistics, o imparting training in Official Statistics, o dissemination of statistical information, o work relating to trade, energy, construction, and environment statistics, o revision of National Industrial Classification.


  14. With reference to Nominal GDP and Real GDP consider the following statements: 1.Nominal GDP often appears higher than real GDP 2.Real GDP values are evaluated at current market prices Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2


  15. How Aadhaar benefitted the people? With Aadhaar the government was able to eliminate middlemen and the benefits of various welfare schemes were directed to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries, * Under the schemes like o PAHAL and Ujjwala beneficiaries are given cooking gas subsidies through direct benefit transfer (DBT) in their Aadhaar-linked bank accounts. o 33 crore MGNREGA cardholders are getting wage payment directly through DBT in their bank accounts. Aadhaar the 12-digit UID number based on the demographic(name, DOB and address) and biometric(photo, fingerprint and iris scanning) information that we have submitted to the enrollment agency concerned.


  16. Crude shocker can be rude shocks for economy: RBI PTI I Updated Jan 06, 2019, 05.51 PM IST NEW DELHI: A sudden surge in crude prices can upset the nation's key macro-stability parameters, as it can sharply spike the current account deficit (CAD), inflation and the fiscal numbers, whittling the benefits of higher growth, warns an RBl study. RESERVE BANK Context: The RBI has released a paper titled The Impact of Crude Price Shock on CAD, Inflation and Fiscal Deficit'. The paper outlines how the crude price shock will have an adverse impact on current account deficit (CAD), Inflation and Fiscal Deficit


  17. Highlights of the Research Paper Since India is heavily dependent on oil imports for meeting its domestic demand, it remains susceptible to global crude price shocks. * An increase in crude price>worsens the CAD o this adverse impact cannot be significantly contained through higher growth. o Hence a crude price shock will result in high CAD to GDP ratio o The crude price of USD 85/barrel in the worst case scenario will result in deficit increases by USD 106.4 billion, which is 3.61 per cent of the GDP on account of the oil shock o Every increase of USD 10/barrel in crude prices leads to an additional USD 12.5 billion deficit. This is roughly 43 bps of the country's GDP Hence every USD 10/barrel increase in crude price will shoot up the CAD/GDP ratio by 43 bps. if the price increase is passed on directly to the final consumers, it will result in increased inflation. O It is estimated that a USD 10/barrel increase in crude price at the price of USD 65/barrel will lead to a 49 basis points increase in headline inflation and a USD 10/barrel increase in crude price at the price of USD 55/barrel gives around a 58 bps increase in headline inflation. * If the government decides not to pass on the USD 1O/barrel increase in crude price to customers the fiscal deficit would increase by 43 bps. The actual impact on the inflation and fiscal deficit will depend on the level of government intervention through changes in tax and subsidy in the domestic oil markets.


  18. Objectives of the Mission Development and conservation of indigenous breeds. DUndertaking breed improvement programmes for indigenous cattle breeds so as to improve the genetic makeup and increase the stock. Enhancing milk production and productivity. JUpgrading nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi ODistributing disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.


  19. Initiatives undertaken under the Rashtriya Gokul Mission Establishment of integrated cattle development centres 'Gokul Grams' to develop indigenous breeds. O Awards for encouraging farmers and breeder societies to rear Indigenous breeds of Bovines O Gopal Ratna award for farmers maintaining the best herd of Indigenous Breed and practising best management practices, O Kamdhenu award for best managed Indigenous Herd by Institutions/Trusts/ NGOs Gaushalas or best-managed Breeders' Societies. National Kamdhenu Breeding Centres are being established as Centres of Excellence to develop and conserve Indigenous Breeds in a holistic and scientific manner. An e-market portal "E-Pashu Haat"-Nakul Prajnan Bazaar for connecting breeders and farmers, an authentic market for quality- disease-free bovine germplasm in the form of i) semen; ii) embryos; iii) calves; iv) heifers and v) adult bovines with different agencies/stakeholders. Pashu Sanjivni Programme encompassing the provision of Animal Health cards ('Nakul Swasthya Patra') along with UID identification and uploading data on National Data Base Advanced Reproductive Technology: Including Assisted Reproductive Technique-In-vitro Fertilization (IVF)/ Multiple Ovulation Embryo Transfer (MOET) and sex-sorted semen technique to improve the availability of disease-free female bovines. ONational Bovine Genomic Center for Indigenous Breeds (NBGC-IB) for selection of breeding bulls of high genetic merit at a young age using highly precise gene-based technology.


  20. Which of the following were the recommendations of Gadgil Committee on Western Ghats? of 1)It proposed that entire Western Ghats area be designated as ecologically sensitive area. 2) Within this area, smaller regions were to be identified as ecologically sensitive zones I, Il or III based on their existing condition and nature of threat. nd at (cyentwer (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 3) No new thermal power projects, but hydro power projects allowed with restrictions. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only Answer: (A) Gadgil Committee: Olt defined the boundaries of the Western Ghats for the purposes of ecological management. Olt proposed that this entire area be designated as ecologically sensitive area (ESA). O Within this area, smaller regions were to be identified as ecologically sensitive zones (ESZ) I, Il or lI based on their existing condition and nature of threat. Olt proposed to divide the area into about 2,200 grids, of which 75 per cent would fall under ESZ I or Il or under already existing protected areas such as wildlife sanctuaries or natural parks. OThe committee proposed a Western Ghats Ecology Authority to regulate these activities in the area


  21. Ease of Living Index is released by a) Niti Ayog b) World Bank c) UNDP d) Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs


  22. Ease of Living Index is released by a) Niti Ayog b) World Bank c) UNDP d) Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs Ans D Ease of Living Index A Transformative Initiative of The Ministry Benchmarks. strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats". Dto Help Cities Assess their Liveability Vis- -Vis National & Global Oseeks to assist cities in undertaking a 360-degree assessment of their


  23. How to generate your Aadhaar Virtual ID which remains valid till used Your Virtual Aadhaar ID number doesn't have an expiry date and remains valid till the time a new one is generated by you. What is Aadhaar Virtual ID and how you can generate one Aadhaar virtual ID will allow you to authenticate transactions and e-know-your-customer services instead of providing your Aadhaar number. Consider the following statements about 'Virtual ID' for Aadhaar 1.The Virtual ID is a random 12-digit number. 2.The ID can be generated as many time as possible. 3.One's Aadhaar number can be derived from the Virtual ID generated. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


  24. The Virtual ID is a random 16-digit number. Consider the following statements about 'Virtual ID' for Aadhaar The ID can be generated as many time as possible The older ID gets automatically canceled once a fresh one is generated Users can go to the UIDAI website to generate their virtual ID which will be valid for a defined period of time, or till the user decides to change it. The ID, along with the biometrics of the user, would give any authorised agency, like a mobile companv, limited details like name, address and photograph, which are enough for any verification. Agencies that undertake authentication would not be allowed to generate the Virtual ID on behalf of the user. 1) The Virtual ID is a random 12-digit number. 2) The ID can be generated as many time as possible. 3) One's Aadhaar number can be derived from the Virtual ID generated. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Answer: (A) concept of 'limited KYC introduced by UIDAI will provide need-based or limited details of a user to an authorised agency providing a particular service. One's Aadhaar number cannot be derived from the Virtual ID that is generated.