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Session 7 : January 2019 Most Important MCQs
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Sumant Kumar
B.Tech NIT Allahabad. Scored 136 & 120 consecutively in UPSC Prelims. YouTube Channel "Crackers' IAS Academy". Telegram - "CrackersIAS"

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  1. unacademy January 2019 Most Important MCQs UPSC Prelims 2019 Delivered by : Sumant Kumar B.Tech in Computer Science & Engg, NIT Allahabad & Have written UPSC Mains twice with Physics Optional


  2. HINDUunacademy 58% i209 l Save JANUARY 2019 January 2019 News Editorials Articles Analysis By Sumant Kr, B Tech CSE, NIT Allahabad] Have written UPSC Mains twice Content: Section 1: MCQs: Current/Static Section 2: Analysis of News Editorials + Articles Section 3:Question for Answe Section 4 Discussion of Yest UPSC Prelims 2019 Practice: How/What to write Delivered by: Sum B.Tech in Comp Engg, NIT Allahabad ith 00:02 03:24 F By Sumant Kumar By Sumant Kumar 200 likes 18 comments e Share (Hindi) January 2019 The Hindu Editorials and Newspaper... (Hindi) January 2019 Most Important MCQs for UPSC CSE/IAS HNCI MCOs (Hindi) Mock Test i for UPSC Prelims 2018/2019 Sumant Kumar 6k Followers Follow 73 Lessons 2 Lessons 4.9 (233 ratings) Edit review Overview: Mock Test 1 for UPSC 01 Prelims 2019 Playing 57 ratings 22 reviews 13 ratings 6 reviews Session 1 Mock Test 1 for UPSC 02 Prelims 2019 13:48 Session 2: Mock Test 1 for UPSC 03 Prelims 2019 O 09.07


  3. Which of the following state recently declared Pakke Hornbill Fest as 'state festival: a) Nagaland b) Assam c) Mizoram d) Arunachal Pradesh Ans D The government of Arunachal Pradesh declared the Pakke Paga Hornbill Festival (PPHF)-the state's only conservation festival, as a "state festival". DownToEarth Isue Download Print Archives SIGN IN in-depth Blogs | Videos Book Store Africa | Climate Agriculture Food RF WILDLIFE&BIODIVERSITY Arunachal govt declares Pakke Hornbill Fest as 'state festival' Four years after it was inaugurated with a number of objectives, Chief Minister Pema Khandu promises funding NEXT NEWS> By Rajat Ghai Last Updated: Monday 21 January 2019


  4. Global Warming Potential (GWP) compares the amount Global Warming Potential (GWP) of heat trapped by a certain mass of a gas to the amount of heat trapped by a similar mass of carbontrapped by a certain mass of a gas to dioxide, calculated over a specific time interval commonly 20, 100 or 500 years The GWP depends on which of the following factors? calculated over a specific time 1. The absorption of infrared radiation by a given species. 2. The spectral location of its absorbing wavelengths. 3. The atmospheric lifetime of the species. Select the correct answer using the codes given below. (a) Only 1 (b) Only 3 (c) 1 and2 (d) 1, 2 and 3 compares the amount of heat the amount of heat trapped by a similar mass of carbon dioxide, interval o The GWP depends on the absorption of infrared radiation bv a given species. o The spectral location of its absorbing wavelengths. o The atmospheric lifetime of the species also plays a dominate role in global warming potential.


  5. Which one of the following determines that the Indian Constitution is federal? (a) A written and rigid Constitution (b) An independent Judiciary (c) Vesting of residuary powers with the Centre (d) Distribution of powers between the Centre and the States Ans D and the regional governments, if at all exist, derive their authority from the national government. Eg. Britain, France, Japan, China, Italy, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, Spain A federal government is one in which powers are divided between the national government and the regional governments by the Constitution itself and both operate in their respective jurisdictions independently and so on have the unitary model of government Eg. US, Switzerland, Australia, Canada, Russia, Brazil, Argentina and so on have the federal model of government.


  6. Federal Features of the Constitution 1. Dual Polity 2. Written Constitution 3. Division of Powers 4. Supremacy of the Consti 5. Rigid Constitution 6. Independent Judiciary 7. Bicameralism Unitary Features of the Constitution 1. Strong Centre 2. States Not Indestructible 3. Single Constitution 4. Flexibility of the Constitution 5. No Equality of State Representation 6. Emergency Provisions 7. Single Citizenship 8. Integrated Judiciary 9. All-India Services 10. Integrated Audit Machinery 11. Parliament's Authority Over State List 12. Appointment of Governor 13. Integrated Election Machinery 14. Veto Over State Bills tution


  7. Which of the following are unitary or non- The Constitution of India establishes a federal system of federal features in the Indian Constitution? government. 1. Single Constitution 2. Independent Judiciary 3. Single Citizenship Select the correct answer using the code given below (a) 1 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Features of a federation: two government division of powers, written Constitution, supremacy of Constitution, Trigidity of Constitution, Jindependent judiciary and bicameralism. However, the Indian Constitution also contains a large itary or non-federal features, viz J a strong Centre, single Constitution, single citizenship, flexibility of Constitution, integrated judiciar appointment of state governor by the Centre, all-India services, emergency provisions, and so on


  8. Which of the following feature(s) Answer: (B) does not ascribe to federal nature of Federal features of Indian constitution Indian polity? 1.Written constitution 2. Bicameral legislature. 3.Integrated Judiciary 4.Dual Polity. 5.All India services. include Dual Polity at union and states, written Constitution, supremacy of constitution, Independent Judiciary, Bicameralism division of powers etc. Unitary Features of Constitution are a strong centre, single constitution, Integrated Judiciary, Emergency provisions, indestructible states, Appointment of Governor, single citizenship, All India services, integrated audit machinery etc. Select the correct answer using the codes given below a)1 and 4 only b)3 and 5 only c)1, 2 and 4 only d)2, 3 and 5 only


  9. Global Risks Report is released by a) World Bank b) WTO c) World Meteorological Organization d) World Economic Forum Ans D The Global Risks Report 2019 has been released by the World Economic Forum (WEF). UPSC CSE Prelims 2014 Which of the following organizations brings out the publication known as 'World Economic Outlook'? (a) The International Monetary Fund (b) The United Nations Development Programme (c) The World Economic Forunm (d) The World Bank Answer: (a) The International Monetary Fund UPSC CSE Prelims 2015 Question: Which one of the following issues the 'Global Economic Prospects' report periodically? (a) The Asian Development Bank (b) The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (c) The US Federal Reserve Bank (d) The World Bank Answer: (d) The World Bank


  10. Global Risk Report Olt is an annual study published by the WEF ahead of its annual meeting Based on the work of the Global Risk Network, the report describes changes occurring in the global risks Dlandscape from year to year and identifies global catastrophic risks lt considers risks that are global in their nature and its impact. lt also explores the interconnectedness of risks, and considers how the strategies for the mitigation of global risks might be structured Olt is intended to raise awareness about the need for a multi-stakeholder approach to the mitigation of global risk. The criteria for what constitutes a global risk 1) Global scope A risk should have the potential to affect at least three world regions in at least two different continents. 2) Cross-industry relevance The risk has to affect three or more industries 3) Uncertainty There should be uncertainty about how the risk manifests itself within ten years combined with uncertainty about the magnitude of its impact. 4) Economic impact The risk should have the potential to cause economic damage of at 10 billion US$ or more. OThe report publishes list of risks which create more impact and which are more likely to happen The most impactful global risks are weapons of mass destruction, Extreme weather events, water crises, Major natural disasters, Failure of climate-change mitigation and adaptation The most likely global risks are Extreme weather events, large-scale involuntary migration, major natural disasters, large-scale terrorist attacks, massive incident of data fraud/theft


  11. Press Information Bureau Government of India Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation "Paisa Portal for Affordable Credit & Interest Subvention Access", Launched Paisa Portal for Affordable Credit & Interest Subvention Access which is a centralized electronic platform for processing interest subvention on bank loans has been launched for which of the following scheme? a) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana -National Rural Livelihoods Mission b) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Urban Livelihoods Mission c) Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana d) Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin)


  12. Paisa = Portal for Affordable Credit & Interest Subvention Access which is a centralized electronic platform for processing interest subvention on bank loans has been launched for which of the following scheme? a) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Rural Livelihoods Mission b) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Urban Livelihoods Mission c) Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana d) Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin) Ans B A centralized electronic platform for processing interest subvention on bank loans to beneficiaries under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) named "PAiSA Portal for Affordable Credit and Interest Subvention Access', was launched recently.


  13. Highlights of the Research Paper Since India is heavily dependent on oil imports for meeting its domestic demand, it remains susceptible to global crude price shocks. * An increase in crude price>worsens the CAD o this adverse impact cannot be significantly contained through higher growth. o Hence a crude price shock will result in high CAD to GDP ratio o The crude price of USD 85/barrel in the worst case scenario will result in deficit increases by USD 106.4 billion, which is 3.61 per cent of the GDP on account of the oil shock o Every increase of USD 10/barrel in crude prices leads to an additional USD 12.5 billion deficit. This is roughly 43 bps of the country's GDP Hence every USD 10/barrel increase in crude price will shoot up the CAD/GDP ratio by 43 bps. if the price increase is passed on directly to the final consumers, it will result in increased inflation. O It is estimated that a USD 10/barrel increase in crude price at the price of USD 65/barrel will lead to a 49 basis points increase in headline inflation and a USD 10/barrel increase in crude price at the price of USD 55/barrel gives around a 58 bps increase in headline inflation. * If the government decides not to pass on the USD 1O/barrel increase in crude price to customers the fiscal deficit would increase by 43 bps. The actual impact on the inflation and fiscal deficit will depend on the level of government intervention through changes in tax and subsidy in the domestic oil markets.


  14. Consider the following statements about Pradhan Mantri Roigar Protsahan Yojana 1.The Government pays the employers, EPS contribution of 8.33%, for the new employees, for the first five years of their employment. 2.The scheme is being implemented by Ministry of Finance. 3.New employees earning wages more than Rs 15,000/- per month are not eligible. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


  15. Which among the following constitute what is known internationally as the 'Big Three' among Credit Rating Agencies? 1.Standard & Poor's 2.Moody's 3.FICCI's Ratings 4.ARC Ratings Select the correct answer using the codes given below. ) 1, 2 and 3 b) 1 and 2 only c) 3 and 4 only d) 1, 2 and 4 Ans B The 'Big Three' are Standard & Poor's Moody's Fitch Group


  16. With reference to "Chilka Lake", recently in news, which of the following statement is/are correct? 1.lt is Asia's largest brackish water lagoon. 2.It is situated along the east coast of India in the state of West Bengal. 3.The Irrawaddy dolphin is the flagship species of Chilika lake. Select the correct answer using the code given below. a.1 and 2 only b.2 and 3 only c.1 and 3 only d.1, 2 and 3


  17. Map of Chilika Lake Brackish water is water that has more salinity than fresh water, but not as much as seawater. It may result from mixing of seawater with fresh water, as in estuaries, or it may occur in brackish fossil aquifers. The word comes from the Middle Dutch root "brak" ORISSA BAT or Brackish water - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brackish_water


  18. Objectives of the Mission Development and conservation of indigenous breeds. DUndertaking breed improvement programmes for indigenous cattle breeds so as to improve the genetic makeup and increase the stock. Enhancing milk production and productivity. JUpgrading nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi ODistributing disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.