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Session 8 : January 2019 Most Important MCQs
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Sumant Kumar
B.Tech NIT Allahabad. Scored 136 & 120 consecutively in UPSC Prelims. YouTube Channel "Crackers' IAS Academy". Telegram - "CrackersIAS"

U
Unacademy user
peddagattu mine is not part of the ap,but telangana
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  1. unacademy January 2019 Most Important MCQs UPSC Prelims 2019 Delivered by : Sumant Kumar B.Tech in Computer Science & Engg, NIT Allahabad & Have written UPSC Mains twice with Physics Optional


  2. HINDUunacademy 58% i209 l Save JANUARY 2019 January 2019 News Editorials Articles Analysis By Sumant Kr, B Tech CSE, NIT Allahabad] Have written UPSC Mains twice Content: Section 1: MCQs: Current/Static Section 2: Analysis of News Editorials + Articles Section 3:Question for Answe Section 4 Discussion of Yest UPSC Prelims 2019 Practice: How/What to write Delivered by: Sum B.Tech in Comp Engg, NIT Allahabad ith 00:02 03:24 F By Sumant Kumar By Sumant Kumar 200 likes 18 comments e Share (Hindi) January 2019 The Hindu Editorials and Newspaper... (Hindi) January 2019 Most Important MCQs for UPSC CSE/IAS HNCI MCOs (Hindi) Mock Test i for UPSC Prelims 2018/2019 Sumant Kumar 6k Followers Follow 73 Lessons 2 Lessons 4.9 (233 ratings) Edit review Overview: Mock Test 1 for UPSC 01 Prelims 2019 Playing 57 ratings 22 reviews 13 ratings 6 reviews Session 1 Mock Test 1 for UPSC 02 Prelims 2019 13:48 Session 2: Mock Test 1 for UPSC 03 Prelims 2019 O 09.07


  3. Which of the following are unitary or non- The Constitution of India establishes a federal system of federal features in the Indian Constitution? government. 1. Single Constitution 2. Independent Judiciary 3. Single Citizenship Select the correct answer using the code given below (a) 1 only (b) 1 and 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Features of a federation: two government division of powers, written Constitution, supremacy of Constitution, Trigidity of Constitution, Jindependent judiciary and bicameralism. However, the Indian Constitution also contains a large itary or non-federal features, viz J a strong Centre, single Constitution, single citizenship, flexibility of Constitution, integrated judiciar appointment of state governor by the Centre, all-India services, emergency provisions, and so on


  4. Which of the following feature(s) Answer: (B) does not ascribe to federal nature of Federal features of Indian constitution Indian polity? 1.Written constitution 2. Bicameral legislature. 3.Integrated Judiciary 4.Dual Polity. 5.All India services. include Dual Polity at union and states, written Constitution, supremacy of constitution, Independent Judiciary, Bicameralism division of powers etc. Unitary Features of Constitution are a strong centre, single constitution, Integrated Judiciary, Emergency provisions, indestructible states, Appointment of Governor, single citizenship, All India services, integrated audit machinery etc. Select the correct answer using the codes given below a)1 and 4 only b)3 and 5 only c)1, 2 and 4 only d)2, 3 and 5 only


  5. Global Risks Report is released by a) World Bank b) WTO c) World Meteorological Organization d) World Economic Forum Ans D The Global Risks Report 2019 has been released by the World Economic Forum (WEF). UPSC CSE Prelims 2014 Which of the following organizations brings out the publication known as 'World Economic Outlook'? (a) The International Monetary Fund (b) The United Nations Development Programme (c) The World Economic Forunm (d) The World Bank Answer: (a) The International Monetary Fund UPSC CSE Prelims 2015 Question: Which one of the following issues the 'Global Economic Prospects' report periodically? (a) The Asian Development Bank (b) The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (c) The US Federal Reserve Bank (d) The World Bank Answer: (d) The World Bank


  6. Global Risk Report Olt is an annual study published by the WEF ahead of its annual meeting Based on the work of the Global Risk Network, the report describes changes occurring in the global risks Dlandscape from year to year and identifies global catastrophic risks lt considers risks that are global in their nature and its impact. lt also explores the interconnectedness of risks, and considers how the strategies for the mitigation of global risks might be structured Olt is intended to raise awareness about the need for a multi-stakeholder approach to the mitigation of global risk. The criteria for what constitutes a global risk 1) Global scope A risk should have the potential to affect at least three world regions in at least two different continents. 2) Cross-industry relevance The risk has to affect three or more industries 3) Uncertainty There should be uncertainty about how the risk manifests itself within ten years combined with uncertainty about the magnitude of its impact. 4) Economic impact The risk should have the potential to cause economic damage of at 10 billion US$ or more. OThe report publishes list of risks which create more impact and which are more likely to happen The most impactful global risks are weapons of mass destruction, Extreme weather events, water crises, Major natural disasters, Failure of climate-change mitigation and adaptation The most likely global risks are Extreme weather events, large-scale involuntary migration, major natural disasters, large-scale terrorist attacks, massive incident of data fraud/theft


  7. Press Information Bureau Government of India Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation "Paisa Portal for Affordable Credit & Interest Subvention Access", Launched Paisa Portal for Affordable Credit & Interest Subvention Access which is a centralized electronic platform for processing interest subvention on bank loans has been launched for which of the following scheme? a) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana -National Rural Livelihoods Mission b) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Urban Livelihoods Mission c) Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana d) Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin)


  8. Paisa = Portal for Affordable Credit & Interest Subvention Access which is a centralized electronic platform for processing interest subvention on bank loans has been launched for which of the following scheme? a) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Rural Livelihoods Mission b) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Urban Livelihoods Mission c) Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana d) Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin) Ans B A centralized electronic platform for processing interest subvention on bank loans to beneficiaries under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) named "PAiSA Portal for Affordable Credit and Interest Subvention Access', was launched recently.


  9. Crude shocker can be rude shocks for economy: RBI PTI I Updated Jan 06, 2019, 05.51 PM IST NEW DELHI: A sudden surge in crude prices can upset the nation's key macro-stability parameters, as it can sharply spike the current account deficit (CAD), inflation and the fiscal numbers, whittling the benefits of higher growth, warns an RBl study. RESERVE BANK Context: The RBI has released a paper titled The Impact of Crude Price Shock on CAD, Inflation and Fiscal Deficit'. The paper outlines how the crude price shock will have an adverse impact on current account deficit (CAD), Inflation and Fiscal Deficit


  10. Highlights of the Research Paper Since India is heavily dependent on oil imports for meeting its domestic demand, it remains susceptible to global crude price shocks. * An increase in crude price>worsens the CAD o this adverse impact cannot be significantly contained through higher growth. o Hence a crude price shock will result in high CAD to GDP ratio o The crude price of USD 85/barrel in the worst case scenario will result in deficit increases by USD 106.4 billion, which is 3.61 per cent of the GDP on account of the oil shock o Every increase of USD 10/barrel in crude prices leads to an additional USD 12.5 billion deficit. This is roughly 43 bps of the country's GDP Hence every USD 10/barrel increase in crude price will shoot up the CAD/GDP ratio by 43 bps. if the price increase is passed on directly to the final consumers, it will result in increased inflation. O It is estimated that a USD 10/barrel increase in crude price at the price of USD 65/barrel will lead to a 49 basis points increase in headline inflation and a USD 10/barrel increase in crude price at the price of USD 55/barrel gives around a 58 bps increase in headline inflation. * If the government decides not to pass on the USD 1O/barrel increase in crude price to customers the fiscal deficit would increase by 43 bps. The actual impact on the inflation and fiscal deficit will depend on the level of government intervention through changes in tax and subsidy in the domestic oil markets.


  11. Silver Jubilee: Minister says SFAC's FPOs are better than that of Nabarg by Ajay JhaJanuary 18, 2019 in Agriculture 0 Consider the following statements about Small Farmers' Agri-Business Consortium (SFAC) 1.SFAC has pioneered the formation of Farmer Producer Organizations/Farmer Producer Companies. 2.lt offers Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme to FPCs to improve availability of working capital 3.It implements e-Nam. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3


  12. Consider the following statements about Small Farmers' Agri-Business Consortium (SFAC) 1.SFAC has pioneered the formation of Farmer Producer Organizations/Farmer Producer Companies. 2.lt offers Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme to FPCs to improve availability of working capital. 3.lt implements e-Nam Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Answer: (D) Explanation: SFAC is an exclusive Society focused on increasing incomes of small and marginal farmers through aggregation and development of agribusiness. .SFAC has pioneered the formation and growth of Farmer Producer Organizations/Farmer Producer Companies. .SFAC offers Schemes like Equity Grant and Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme to FPCs to improve availability of working capital and development of business activities. SFAC is also implementing the National Agriculture Market Electronic Trading (e-Nam) platform


  13. Consider the following statements about Pradhan Mantri Roigar Protsahan Yojana 1.The Government pays the employers' EPS contribution of 8.33%, for the new employees, for the first five years of their employment. 2.The scheme is being implemented by Ministry of Finance. 3.New employees earning wages more than Rs 15,000/-per month are not eligible Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct? (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Answer: (C) Explanation: The PMRPY Scheme aims to incentivise employers for employment generation by the Government paying the employers, EPS contribution of 8.33%, for the new employees, for the first three years of their employment and is proposed to be made applicable for unemployed persons that are semi-skilled and unskilled. The scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Labour and Employment and is operational since August, 2016. The PMRPY Scheme is targeted for employees earning wages less than Rs 15,000/- per month. Thus, new employees earning wages more than Rs 15,000/- per month will not be eligible.


  14. With reference to "Chilka Lake", recently in news, which of the following statement is/are correct? 1.lt is Asia's largest brackish water lagoon. 2.It is situated along the east coast of India in the state of West Bengal. 3.The Irrawaddy dolphin is the flagship species of Chilika lake. Select the correct answer using the code given below. a.1 and 2 only b.2 and 3 only c.1 and 3 only d.1, 2 and 3


  15. With reference to "Chilka Lake", recently in news, which of the following statement is/are correct? Ans C .Lakhs of migratory birds have 1.lt is Asia's largest brackish water lagoon. 2.It is situated along the east coast of India in theAsia's largest brackish water state of West Bengal. 3.The Irrawaddy dolphin is the flagship species of is situated along the east coast Chilika lake. made their way to the Chilika Lake, lagoon. of India in the state of Odisha flagship species of Chilika lake. Select the correct answer using the code given below. The Irrawaddy dolphin is the a.1 and 2 only b.2 and 3 only c.1 and 3 only d.1, 2 and 3


  16. DownToEarth Issue Download Print Archives In-depth logs V Book Store Climate Agriculture Africa Food Mission to conserve indigenous cow breeds kicked off Rs 150- crore allocated in current financial year Rashtriya Gokul Mission Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare is implementing the scheme to conserve and develop indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner. V The scheme comprises of two components 1.National Programme for Bovine Breeding (NPBB) and 2.National Mission on Bovine Productivity (NMBP)


  17. Objectives of the Mission Development and conservation of indigenous breeds. DUndertaking breed improvement programmes for indigenous cattle breeds so as to improve the genetic makeup and increase the stock. Enhancing milk production and productivity. JUpgrading nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi ODistributing disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.


  18. Initiatives undertaken under the Rashtriya Gokul Mission Establishment of integrated cattle development centres 'Gokul Grams' to develop indigenous breeds. O Awards for encouraging farmers and breeder societies to rear Indigenous breeds of Bovines O Gopal Ratna award for farmers maintaining the best herd of Indigenous Breed and practising best management practices, O Kamdhenu award for best managed Indigenous Herd by Institutions/Trusts/ NGOs Gaushalas or best-managed Breeders' Societies. National Kamdhenu Breeding Centres are being established as Centres of Excellence to develop and conserve Indigenous Breeds in a holistic and scientific manner. An e-market portal "E-Pashu Haat"-Nakul Prajnan Bazaar for connecting breeders and farmers, an authentic market for quality- disease-free bovine germplasm in the form of i) semen; ii) embryos; iii) calves; iv) heifers and v) adult bovines with different agencies/stakeholders. Pashu Sanjivni Programme encompassing the provision of Animal Health cards ('Nakul Swasthya Patra') along with UID identification and uploading data on National Data Base Advanced Reproductive Technology: Including Assisted Reproductive Technique-In-vitro Fertilization (IVF)/ Multiple Ovulation Embryo Transfer (MOET) and sex-sorted semen technique to improve the availability of disease-free female bovines. ONational Bovine Genomic Center for Indigenous Breeds (NBGC-IB) for selection of breeding bulls of high genetic merit at a young age using highly precise gene-based technology.