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Role of Infrastructure in Economic Development
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This lesson deals with the main challenges faced by the infrastructure, the role of infrastructure in economic development. It also focuses on the role of energy and health as a critical component of infrastructure. This lesson also coveres the problems and prospects of the energy and health sector. It covers the definition, types, relevance and main component of infrastructure

Apurva Jha
B.Sc (EMS), MA(Applied Economics), Public speaker, nail art designer. Reading books, listening music, singing and watching movies.

U
Unacademy user
MCQs session on budget and ES even will be great.
50% marries in the age 15-49 yrs, need to corect this
mam muja role of industries in economic development ke notes chahiye plzz help me mam
SK
Nice course but few words/concepts are explain in detail or brief such as meaning of hydel power supply that terms are unknown
awesome course all terms are explained in detail thanku for your sincere work.
thank you very much mam. your teaching & explanation is awesome. you have outstanding skills in filtering the best information from NCERT. I read the book completely but your course gave me the most important information. I like the notes which you prepared .it is very handy and useful to revise quickly.so, thank you very much mam.
  1. ABOUT ME NAME- APURVA JHA GRADUATED IN ECONOMICS, MATHS AND STATISTICS MASTERS IN APPLIED ECONOMICS FROM CHRIST UNIVERSITY, BANGALORE HOBBIES- WATCHING MOVIES, READING BO0KS, COOKING RATE, REVIEW AND RECOMMEND


  2. CHAPTER 8 INFRASTRUCTURE


  3. OBJECTIVES Main challenges in terms of infrastructure Role of infrastructure in economic development Role of energy as a critical component of infrastructure Problems and prospects of the energy and health sector


  4. INFRASTRUCTURE??? SERVICES- Roads, railways, ports, airports, dams, power stations, oil and gas pipelines, educational system, health system and monetary systems INFRASTRUCTURE ECONOMIC SOCIAL (Energy, transportation and communication) (Education, health and housing)


  5. RELEVANCE OF INFRASTRUCTURE . Helps in efficient working of a modern industrial economy . Agricultural Sector- Transport inputs, irrigation facilities Agriculture depends on insurance and banking facilities . Increasing productivity of factors of production +improving the quality of life Development of infrastructure and economic development go hand in hand


  6. ENERGY CONVENTIONAL ENERGY NON CONVENTIONAL SOURCES COMMERCIAL Coal, Petroleum, Electricity Exhaustible (except hydropower) NON COMMERCIAL . Firewood, agricultural waste and dried dungs Renewable . SOLAR WIND TIDAL


  7. CONSUMPTION PATTERN OF ENERGY . Commercial Energy-74% of the total energy consumed Coal-54% Oil-32% Natural Gas-10% Hydro Energy-12% Non Commercial-26%


  8. POWER ELECTRICITY . In order to have 8% GDP growth per annum, power supply needs to grow by 12% e Supply of Electricity in 2012-2013 Thermal sources-70% Hydel and wind-16% Nuclear Power-2% Challenges India's capacity to generate electricity is not sufficient for 7-8% of economic growth State electricity boards incurs losses due to transmission and distribution inefficiency, wrong pricing, stealing of electricity Private sector power generators are yet to play their role in a major way General public unrest de to high power tariffs and prolonged power cuts . Thermal power plants are facing shortage of raw materials


  9. HEALTH . Holistic process related to growth and development of a nation People's health is measured by- infant mortality rate, life expectancy, nutritional level etc. STATE OF HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE Government guides and regulates all health related issues Central Council of Health and Family Welfare- Collects information and renders financial assistance to state government, UTs and other bodies 1951-2013 . No. of govt hospitals-9300-44,000 . Hospital beds-1.2 lakhs-6.3 lakhs Nursing personnel-0.18 lakhs- 23.44 lakhs . Allopathic Doctors-0.62 lakhs -4.21 lakhs Eradication of smallpox, guinea worms, and the near eradication of polio and leprosy


  10. HEALTH SYSTEMS IN INDIA . Health infrastructure is 3-tier 1) Primary HCI- Education concerning health problems, identification, prevention, promotion of nutritional food, clean water, maternal and child care, immunisation, provision of essential drugs . Auxiliary Nursing Midwife (ANM)-Provides primary healthcare in rural areas Primary Health Centres, Community Health Centres and Sub Centres 2) Secondary HCI- Better facilities for surgery, X-Ray, ECG Mostly located in district HQs and in big towns 3) Tertiary HCI-Institutes provides quality medical institution and also provide specialised health care AllMS, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgrad Medical Education and Research, NIMHANS