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Comparative Development Experiences of India and Its Neighbours
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This lesson deals with the comparison of various economic and human indicators of India, China and Pakistan. It also covers their development strategies and present state of development. The lesson starts with the background of these countries and are then compared to their present status

Apurva Jha
B.Sc (EMS), MA(Applied Economics), Public speaker, nail art designer. Reading books, listening music, singing and watching movies.

U
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thanks mam.. pls continue 12th ncert soon !
Thanks mam please make similar course on 12th ncert.thank you so much.
M
please a similar course for class 12th in coming days.
thanks.. it was really helpful. ncert 12th economics possible?
Thanks mam.please mam make similar course on 12th economic NCERT.
  1. ABOUT ME NAME- APURVA JHA GRADUATED IN ECONOMICS, MATHS AND STATISTICS MASTERS IN APPLIED ECONOMICS FROM CHRIST UNIVERSITY BANGALORE HOBBIES- WATCHING MOVIES, READING BO0KS, COOKING RATE, REVIEW AND RECOMMEND


  2. CHAPTER 10 COMPARATIVE DEVELOPMET EXPERIENCES OF INDIA AND ITS NEIGHBOURS


  3. OBJECTIVE Compare various economic and human development indicators of India China and Pakistarn Assess the strategies that those countries have adopted to reach their present state of development


  4. DEVELOPMENT PATH- A SNAPSHOT VIEW India and Pakistan- 1947 People's Republic of China- 1949 First 5 Year Plan India- 1951-56 Pakistan- 1956 China- 1953 1980s, all the 3 countries had similar growth rates


  5. CHINA . Reforms introduced in 1978 . First Phase- agricultural, foreign trade, and investment sector Agricultural sector- Plots were handed to individuals for cultivation Second Phase- industrial sector Dual pricing-agricultural and industrial products sold at the prices fixed by the government vOthers at market prices . Second Phase- industrial sector Special Economic Zones were setup


  6. PAKISTAN Mixed economy (both public and private sector) Policies for import substitution Green revolution- Increase in the production of food grains . Late 1970s-1980s Process of denationalisation and encouraged private sectors . 1988, reforms were initiated in the country


  7. DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS Population Growth- Pakistan> India> China (one child policy) Sex Ratio- Low in all the three countries (son preference) Fertility Rate- Pakistan(3.3)> India (2.6)> China (1.6) Urbanisation-China (53%), pakistan (38%)> India(32%)


  8. GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT AND SECTORS Sectoral Share of Employment and GDP (%) in 2013 DISTIBUTION of WORKFORCE CONTIBUTION to GDP SECTOR INDIA CHINA PAKISTAN INDIA CHINA PAKISTAN 25 47 31 18 10 riculture 14 30 21 25 Indust 42 39 57 46 54 ervices 10 10 10 100 100 10 Total


  9. INDICATORS OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT . China is ahead of India and Pakistan in terms of many indicators GDP Per Capita, Proportion of people below poverty line Mortality rates, access to sanitation, literacy, life expectancy, malnourishment Income indicators Health Indicator Reducing proportion of people below poverty line- Pakistan > India Education, sanitation and access to water is better in Pakistan than India Maternal Mortality- India (190) > Pakistan (170) > China (32)


  10. DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES Reforms were initiated in China-1978 Pakistan- 1988 India-1991 China Infrastructure in areas of education, health, land reforms, Iong existence of decentralisation planning, existence of small enterprises had positive impact on social and income indicators during post reforms. . Agriculture- plots were handed to individuals for cultivation. It brought prosperity to the poor people