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Environment and Sustainable Development
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This lesson explains the major concept of environment.. This lesson also explains the causes and effects of environmental degradation and resource depletion. This lesson deals with the challenges of environment in India. It explains the concept of sustainable development and the measures to achieve it. The lesson covers the various factors of land degradation.

Apurva Jha
B.Sc (EMS), MA(Applied Economics), Public speaker, nail art designer. Reading books, listening music, singing and watching movies.

U
Unacademy user
u hv written in short and explaining in short also.requets to u mam to explain in broader sense
i like ur explanation
Kindly explain in brief.. and give some extra examples to make course more interesting
Explain in brief mam..u r simply reading out the slides..
ma'am I covered the videos+ ncert book simultaneously.. is it fine to do so?
Apurva Jha
3 years ago
As long as you are understanding the concept, everything is fine :)
  1. ABOUT ME NAME- APURVA JHA GRADUATED IN ECONOMICS, MATHS AND STATISTICS MASTERS IN APPLIED ECONOMICS FROM CHRIST UNIVERSITY BANGALORE HOBBIES- WATCHING MOVIES, READING BO0KS, COOKING RATE, REVIEW AND RECOMMEND


  2. CHAPTER 9 ENVIRONMENT AND SUSUTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT


  3. OBJECTIVES Concept of e nvironment . . Causes and effects of environmental degradation and resource depletion Nature of environmental challenges in India Environmental issues to the larger context of sustainable development


  4. ENVIRONMENT DEFINITION-The total planetary inheritance and totality of all resources Environment Biotic Abiotic (birds, animals, plants, forests and fisheries) (air, water, land, rock, sunlight etc.)


  5. FUNCTIONS OF ENVIRONMENT It supplies both renewable and non renewable resources Assimilates waste . Sustain life by providing genetic and bio diversity Provide aesthetic services Carrying Capacity- . Resource extraction is not above the rate of regeneration . Wastes generated are within the assimilating capacity of the environment Absorptive Capacity- . Ability of the environment to absorb the degradation


  6. PROBLEMS OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION . Environmental degradation is responsible for the exhaustion of certain vital resources . Spend huge amount on technology to explore new resources . Health costs associated with environmental degradation Global warming and Ozone depletion also contribute to increased financial burden


  7. STATE OF INDIA'S ENVIRONMENT India has abundant natural resources (Black Soil of Deccan Plateau) . However the developmental activities resulted in the pressure on its finite natural resources It also affected human health and well being Priority Issues Identified Are- i. Land degradation ii. Biodiversity loss iii. Air pollution iv. Management of fresh water v. Solid waste management


  8. FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR LAND DEGRADATION . Deforestation . Unsustainable fuel and fodder extraction Shifting cultivation . Encroachment in forest land . Forest fires and over grazing Non adoption of adequate soil construction method . Use of fertilisers . Improper crop rotation . Improper planning and management of irrigation systems Extraction of ground water


  9. CENTRAL POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD (CPCB) Established in 1974 Addresses two major issues a) Water b) Pollution Provides technical assistance for the prevention of air and water pollution


  10. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) "Development that meets the need of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs" NEEDS- . Distribution of resources such that basic needs of all are satisfied SD aims at reducing the absolute poverty of the poor by providing lasting and secure livelihoods that minimise resource depletion, cultural disruption and social instability. FUTURE GENEARTION (Brundtland Commission) Moral obligation to hand over the planet earth to the future generation