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Employment: Growth, Informalisation, and Other Issues
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This is the seventh chapter of the course. This lesson will provide basic concepts relating to employment. It also discusses the nature of participation of men and women in various economic activities. This lesson explains the initiatives of government in generating employment

Apurva Jha
B.Sc (EMS), MA(Applied Economics), Public speaker, nail art designer. Reading books, listening music, singing and watching movies.

U
Unacademy user
Hi Vandana ma'am, Thanks a lot for the session.. Kindly do make the course on mains preparation and share some sample answers as well .. Thanks in advance :)
Thank you so much ma'am
mam can u explain little bit abt informalisation of workforce?
Mam thanks a lot for such awesome courses, you explain all the concepts in a very easy and understandable language, Will you pls make courses on OTHER NCERTS OF ECONOMICS too ?? And if possible on the CURRENT AFFAIRS RELATED TO ECONOMICS ?? Thank You !!
Guys in the year 1972-73, the per cent of people in self employed is 61.4 and not 6.4.Sorry for the mistake
While going through the book, in chapter no.7 Employment: growth, informalisation and other issues, I came to know about some discrepancy in chart 7.2 (π chart )and its respective statement that" the self employed and casual wages workers are more in rural areas than the urban areas". Since, the statement made and the chart depicted doesn't go along. I would be greatful, if you take heed of it and rectify the same. Thanking you!
Apurva Jha
2 years ago
yes. Please go ahead with what is written in the textbook. Sorry for the inconvenience
  1. ABOUT ME NAME- APURVA JHA GRADUATED IN ECONOMICS, MATHS AND STATISTICS MASTERS IN APPLIED ECONOMICS FROM CHRIST UNIVERSITY BANGALORE HOBBIES- WATCHING MOVIES, READING BO0KS, COOKING RATE, REVIEW AND RECOMMEND


  2. CHAPTER 7 EMPLOYMENT: GROWTH,INFORMALISATION AND OTHER ISSUES


  3. OBJECTIVES Few basic concepts elating to employment . Nature of participation of men and women in various economic activities Initiatives of government in generating employment


  4. WORKERS AND EMPLOYMENT . All those who are engaged in economic activities are workers WORKERS Temporarily abstain from work Who help the main workers Self employed Proportion of workforce residing in rural area is higher


  5. PARTICIPATION OF PEOPLE IN EMPLOYMENT Worker Population Ratio- Indicator for analysing the employment situation in the country Proportion of population contributing to the production of goods and services Ratio engagement of people is greater Ratio Ratio high proportion of population not involved in economic activities high proportion of Total no. of workers Population *100


  6. WORKER-POULATION RATIO 2009-10 RURAL 54.3 24.8 TOTAL SEX MEN WOMEN 21.9 URBAN 54.6 14.7 54.4 TOTAL 38.6 39.9 35.5


  7. SELF EMPLOYED AND SALARIED WORKERS SELF EMPLOYED Workers who own and operate an enterprise to earn their livelihood Cement shop owner CASUAL WAGE LABOURERS Casually engaged in others farms and get a remuneration for the work done Construction Worker REGULAR SALARIES Worker is engaged by someone or an enterprise and paid his or her wages on a regular basis Civil engineer of a construction company


  8. GROWTH AND CHANGING STRUCTURE Trends in Employment Pattern (Sector and status wise), 1972-2012 (in percent) ITEM 1972-73 1983-84 1993-94 1999-00 2011-12 PRIMARY SECONDARY SERVICES TOTAL 74.3 10.9 14.8 100 SECTOR 68.6 11.5 16.9 100 64 16 20 100 60.4 15.8 23.8 100 48.9 24.3 26.8 100 STATUS 57.3 Self-employed 6.4 54.6 52.6 52 Regular salaried Casual wage Total 15.4 23.2 100 13.8 28.9 100 13.6 31.8 100 14.6 32.8 100 18 30 100 CASUALISATION OF WORKFORCE


  9. UNEMPLOYMENT Unemployment Situation in which all those who, owing to lack of work, are not working but are seeking work (NSSO) Sources of Data 1) Reports of Census of India 2) NSSO (Reports of Employment and Unemployment Situation in India) 3) Directorate General of Employment and Training Data of Registration with Employment Exchanges


  10. TYPES OF UNEMPLOYMENT OPEN UNEMPLOYMENT People have no work to do DISGUISE UNEMPLOYMENT A disguisedly unemployed person is the one who seems to be employed but actually he is not. His contribution to the total output is zero or negligible SEASONAL UNEMPLOYMENT Agriculture provides employment only during certain seasons. This is known as seasonal unemployment