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Poverty
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This is the fourth lesson in the course. It focuses on the various attributes of poverty. This lesson also coveres the various dimension related to poverty. This chapter critically analyses the way in which poverty is measured. Certain poverty alleviation programs has also been studied

Apurva Jha
B.Sc (EMS), MA(Applied Economics), Public speaker, nail art designer. Reading books, listening music, singing and watching movies.

U
Unacademy user
Take ur classes in English bro..plzzzzzzz
dear teacher, u gave us a simplified chapter review . it is nice but I request you to make videos on the activity mentioned and internal question asked in the chapter itself that we find while reading and if u have little time yo make videos on intext question or exercise it will surely be helpful .thank u
SH
very good and easy explanation
AK
Thank you mam for your all efforts in helping aspirants..
thnkyou so much mam..becz of u i m able to read textbook.........
  1. ABOUT ME NAME- APURVA JHA GRADUATED IN ECONOMICS. MATHS AND STATISTICS MASTERS IN APPLIED ECONOMICS FROM CHRIST UNIVERSITY, BANGALORE HOBBIES- WATCHING MOVIES, READING BO0KS, COOKING RATE, REVIEW AND RECOMMEND


  2. CHAPTER 4 POVERTY


  3. OBJECTIVES . Various attributes of poverty Dimensions relating to the concept of poverty Critically appreciate the way poverty is measured Appreciate and be able to assess existing poverty alleviation programmes


  4. WHO ARE THE POOR . Possess few assets, starvation and hunger, lacks basic literacy and skills, malnutrition . Economists ks basic literacy and skill, Occupation Ownership of assets HOW ARE POOR PEOPLE IDENTIFIED Pre- Independence- Dadabhai Naoroji was the first to discuss the concept of a poverty line Post Independence- 1962- Planning Commission formed a study group 1979- Task force on projection of Minimum Needs and Effective Consumption Demand


  5. CATEGORISING POVERTY ALWAYS POOR CHRONIC POOR USUALLY POOR NEVER POOR Churning Poor TRANSIENT POOR Occasionally Poor


  6. POVERTY LINE Monetary value (Per capita expenditure) of the minimum calorie intake 2009-10: Rural 2400 calories ( 673) Urban 2100 calories( 860) Problems- . It groups all the poor together It takes expenditure on food and a few select items as proxy for income Difficult to identify who among the poor need help the most . Doesn't take into account factors like illiteracy, ill health, lack of access to resources, discrimination


  7. WHAT CAUSES POVERTY IMPACT of BRITISH RULE- 1) De- industrialisation 2) High rural taxes 3) Commercialisation of agriculture 4) Natural Resources OWNERSHIP of LAND- 1) Large section of the rural poor in India are small farmers 2) Less fertile land 3) Income from these small land holding- not sufficient to meet the family's basic requirements LOW SKILLS UNEQUALDISTRIBUTION of INCOME and ASSETS


  8. POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES TOWARDS POVERTY ALLEVIATION 3 DIMENSIONAL GROWTH ORIENTED APPROACH Trickle down approach Growth of agriculture and industrial were not impressive Gap Widened Land redistribution system was not good POVERTY ALLEVIATION PROGRAMMES 3rd 5 YEAR PLAN (1961-1966) MINIMUM BASIC AMENITIES


  9. POVERTY ALLEVIATION PROGRAMMES SELF EMPLOYMENT Rural Employment Generation Programme WAGE EMPLOYMENT MGNREGA AUG 2005, Wage employment to every rural household whose adult volunteer is to do unskilled manual work for a minimum of 100 days in a year Pradhan Mantri Rozgar Yojana Swarna Jayanti Shahri Rozgar Yojana SELF HELP GROUPS (NRLM


  10. MINIMUM BASIC AMENITIES . Food grain, education, health, water supply and sanitation . Supplement the consumption, create employment opportunities and health education 3 major programmes i) PDS i) Integrated Child Development Scheme ii) Mid-day Meal Scheme Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Gramoday Yojana, Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana, National Social Assisitance Programme