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CLASS IX POLITY: PRIME MINISTER AND PRESIDENT BY CHARU MODI
ABOUT ME B.A.LL.B.(Hons.) From National Law University Lucknow Pursuing LL.M. National and International moot court competition winner Wrote mains Interest: dance, reading Rate, Review, Recommend, Share Follow me at : http://unacademy.In/user/charumodi
PRIME MINISTER Prime Minister is the most important political institution. APPOINTMENT t appoints the Prime Minister The President appoints the Prime Minister He appoints the leader of the majority party or the coalition of p commands a majority in the Lok Sabha, as Prime Minister. DURATION The Prime Minister does not have a fixed tenure. He continues in power so long as he remains the leader of the majority party or coalition. ' rties that The Prime Minister does not have a fised tenure. oesn power so long as he remains the leader of the majoiy party
Council of Ministers - - the body that includes all the Ministers. The President appoints ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister. ters on the adrice of the Prime The Ministers are usually from the party or the coalition that has the majority in the Lok Sabha. A person who is not a member of Parliament can also become a minister .
Cabinet Ministers are usually top-level leaders of the ruling party or parties in charge of the major ministries. .Cabinet is thus the inner ring of the Council of Ministers. Ministers of State with independent charge are usually in-charge of smaller Ministries. They participate in the Cabinet meetings only when specially invited. Ministers of State are attached to and required to assist Cabinet Ministers.
CABINET FORM OF GOVERNMENT All ministers cant meet regularly and discuss everything, the decisions are taken in Cabinet meetings ' . The Cabinet works as a team .No criticism The Cabinet as a team is assisted by the Cabinet Secretariat.
POWERS OF THE PRIME MINISTER He chairs Cabinet meetings. He coordinates the work of different Departments. His decisions are final in case disagre His decisions are final in case disagreements arise between Departments. ' He exercises general supervision of different ministries. All ministers work under his leadership The Prime Minister distributes and redistributes work to the ministers He also has the power to dismiss ministers. He also has the power to When the Prime Minister quits, the entire m ' nistry quits. .