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CLASS IX POLITY: ELECTIONS BY CHARU MODI
ABOUT ME B.A.LL.B.(Hons.) From National Law University Lucknow Pursuing LLM. National and International moot court competition winner Wrote mains Interest : dance, reading Rate, Review, Recommend, Share Follow me at : http://unacademy.In/user/charumodi Reni
WHY ELECTIONS? ELECTION * people can choose their representatives at regular people can choose their ntervals. IN AN ELECTION THE VOTERS MAKE MANY CHOICES: 'law makers can be chosen. who wil form the government and take major decisions. party whose policies will guide the Government and law making.
MINIMUM CONDITIONS OF A DEMOCRATIC ELECTION: 1 2) options to be chosen from. 3) at regular intervals 1 eve ryone should be able to choose. gular intervals 4) the candidate preferred by the people should get elected. 5) elections should be conducted in a free and fair manner. . . 5) elections should be conducted in a free and fair mannet
ELECTIONS IN INDIA Electoral Constituencies The country is divided into different areas for purposes of elections. .The voters who live in an area elect one representative. Each Parliamentary constituency has within it several assembly constituencies Each village or town is divided into several wards' that are like constituencies. Each ward elects one member of the village or the rban local body.
VOTERS' LIST/ELECTORAL ROLI responsibility of the government. a new system of Election Photo Identity Card [EPIC] has been introduced.
NOMINATION OF CANDIDATES Anyone who can be a voter can also become a candidate in elections. a candidate the minimum age is 25 years, voter's age - l8 years. ' Voter's age - 18 years. EVERY CANDIDATE HAS TO MAKE A LEGAL DECLARATION GIVING FULL DETAILS OF Serious criminal cases pending against th Details of the assets and liabilities of the candidate and his or her family; and Education qualifications of the candidate. e candidate;
ELECTION CAMPAIGN The candidates contact their voters, political leaders address election meetings and Political parties mobilize their supporters. The Congress party led by Indira Gandhi gave the slogan of Garibi Hatao (Remove poverty) in the Lok Sabha elections of 1971. Save Democracy was the slogan given by Janata Party in the next Lok Sabha election held in 1977
The Left Front used the slogan of Land to the Tiller in the West Bengal Assembly elections held in 1977. Protect the Self-Respect of the Telugus' was the slogan used by N. T. Rama Rao, the leader of the Telugu Desam Party in Andhra Pradesh Assembly elections in 1983