Charu Modi is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
CLASS IX POLITY RIGHTS (CONTD) BY CHARU MODI
ABOUT ME B.A.LL.B.(Hons.) From National Law University Lucknow Pursuing LL.M. National and International moot court competition winner Wrote mains Interest: dance, reading Rate, Review, Recommend, Share Follow me at : http://unacademy.In/user/charumodi
RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION .The Constitution mentions three specific evils and declares these illegal. 1) prohibits 'traffic in human beings'. Traffic means selling and buying of human beings, usually women, for immoral purposes 2) prohibits forced labour or bear m any form. Bear zs apractice where the worker is forced to render service to the master' free of charge or at a nominal remuneration When this practice takes place on a life-long basis, it is called the practice of bonded labour 3)prohibits child labour. No one can employ a child below the age of fourteen to work in any factory or mine or in any other hazardous work, such as railways and ports
RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION Every person has a right to profess, practice and propagate the religion he or she believes in. Every religious group or sect is free to manage its religious affairs. Of course, a person is free to change religion on his or her own will. Of course, a person is free to change religion on his or her own will.
CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS Any section of citizens with a distinct language or culture have a right to conserve it. Admission to any educational institution maintained by government or receiving government aid cannot be denied to any citizen on the ground of religion or language. All minorities have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES Dr. Ambedkar called the Right to Constitutional Remedies, the heart and soul' of our Constitution. Fundamental Rights are guaranteed against the actions of the Legslatures, the Executive, and any other authorities instituted by the government.
EXTENSION OF RIGHTS Right to privacy, so that citizens or their home cannot be searched, their phones cannot be tapped, their communication cannot be opened Right to an environment that is not harmful to their health or wellbeing Right to have access to adequate housing. Right to have access to health care services, sufficient food and water; no one may be refused emergency medical treatment.
INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON ECONOMIC SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS This international covenant recognizes many rights that are not directly a part tal Rights in the Indian Constitution. These include: right to work: opportunity to everyone to earn livelihood by working right to safe and healthy working conditions, fair wages that can provide decent standard of living for the workers andt right to adequate standard of living including adequate food, clothing and housing
right to social security and insurance right to health: medical care during illness, special care for women during childbirth and prevention of epidemics right to education: free and compulsory primary education, equal access to higher education.
THE PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEM The President is both the head of the state and the head of the government. The President of the United States of America. The US President is directly elected by the people. He personally chooses and appoints all Ministers The law making is still done by the legislature (called the Congress in the US), but the president can veto any law. Most importantly, the president does not need the support of the majority of members in the Congress and neither is he answerable to them He has a fixed tenure of four vears and completes it even if his party does not have a majority in the Congress. This model is followed in most of the countries of Latin America and many of the ex-Soviet Union countries *