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Fundamental Rights
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The lesson deals with right against exploitation, cultural and educational rights, right to freedom of religion and right to constitutional remedies. The lesson also deals with presidential form of government.

Charu Modi is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Charu Modi
Having completed Masters in Law with gold medal from Lucknow University, qualified NET in July 2018 and has taught at Ambition Law Institute

U
Unacademy user
U R SECOND FORM OF GOD SIR TO HELP ME TO ACHIEVE MY DREAM JOB MY LIFE I LOVE U SIR !!GOD BLESS U!
Madam, will you please include one more slide at the end of every lesson which will have few of the past year questions from Prelims as well as mains from that particular lesson Thank you !!
Mkp Kumar
3 years ago
This is agood suggestion.
Hi miss Charu , US president chosen by electoral college,but FRANCIAN president directly elected by people. Am i right ,please comment....
Ajay S Menon
2 years ago
US President is selected by people for a tenure of 4 years.He is the head of the state as well as head of the Govt.He has supreme authority over the US Congress. Since the Referendum on the Election of French President of 1962,the President is directly elected by Universal suffrage.Earlier they followed electoral college system.By another Referendum his tenure was reduced from 7 to 5 years.Hope you r clear with the concept Ranjeet
mam you said in previous slide that PM is the head of gov. while president is the head of state. but in last slide you wrote the president is head of the state and head of gov. howz is the possible??
Dipali Tripathi
2 years ago
ok now I got d difference. this is the presidential system which are followed in United States ..and we followed the parliamentary system. thank u mam.. for such a great description of ncert books.
mam in your previous lesson description of artical 21 and in this lesson artical 22 are same... plz explain both are same or have some difference. i am a beginner hv less knowledge about polity. thanks
excellent and mind blowing.......very important is that is very time saving when it comes to revision. I recommend it to watch when you have read the ncert first then your information will get stronger in your memory and easy to remind it when you need it. Highlly applauded . Thank you mam
  1. CLASS IX POLITY RIGHTS (CONTD) BY CHARU MODI


  2. ABOUT ME B.A.LL.B.(Hons.) From National Law University Lucknow Pursuing LL.M. National and International moot court competition winner Wrote mains Interest: dance, reading Rate, Review, Recommend, Share Follow me at : http://unacademy.In/user/charumodi


  3. RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION .The Constitution mentions three specific evils and declares these illegal. 1) prohibits 'traffic in human beings'. Traffic means selling and buying of human beings, usually women, for immoral purposes 2) prohibits forced labour or bear m any form. Bear zs apractice where the worker is forced to render service to the master' free of charge or at a nominal remuneration When this practice takes place on a life-long basis, it is called the practice of bonded labour 3)prohibits child labour. No one can employ a child below the age of fourteen to work in any factory or mine or in any other hazardous work, such as railways and ports


  4. RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION Every person has a right to profess, practice and propagate the religion he or she believes in. Every religious group or sect is free to manage its religious affairs. Of course, a person is free to change religion on his or her own will. Of course, a person is free to change religion on his or her own will.


  5. CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS Any section of citizens with a distinct language or culture have a right to conserve it. Admission to any educational institution maintained by government or receiving government aid cannot be denied to any citizen on the ground of religion or language. All minorities have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.


  6. RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES Dr. Ambedkar called the Right to Constitutional Remedies, the heart and soul' of our Constitution. Fundamental Rights are guaranteed against the actions of the Legslatures, the Executive, and any other authorities instituted by the government.


  7. EXTENSION OF RIGHTS Right to privacy, so that citizens or their home cannot be searched, their phones cannot be tapped, their communication cannot be opened Right to an environment that is not harmful to their health or wellbeing Right to have access to adequate housing. Right to have access to health care services, sufficient food and water; no one may be refused emergency medical treatment.


  8. INTERNATIONAL COVENANT ON ECONOMIC SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS This international covenant recognizes many rights that are not directly a part tal Rights in the Indian Constitution. These include: right to work: opportunity to everyone to earn livelihood by working right to safe and healthy working conditions, fair wages that can provide decent standard of living for the workers andt right to adequate standard of living including adequate food, clothing and housing


  9. right to social security and insurance right to health: medical care during illness, special care for women during childbirth and prevention of epidemics right to education: free and compulsory primary education, equal access to higher education.


  10. THE PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEM The President is both the head of the state and the head of the government. The President of the United States of America. The US President is directly elected by the people. He personally chooses and appoints all Ministers The law making is still done by the legislature (called the Congress in the US), but the president can veto any law. Most importantly, the president does not need the support of the majority of members in the Congress and neither is he answerable to them He has a fixed tenure of four vears and completes it even if his party does not have a majority in the Congress. This model is followed in most of the countries of Latin America and many of the ex-Soviet Union countries *