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CLASS IX POLITY: EXECUTIVE BY CHARU MODI
ABOUT ME B.A.LL.B.(Hons.) From National Law University Lucknow Pursuing LL.M. National and International moot court competition winner Wrote mains Interest: dance, reading Rate, Review, Recommend, Share Follow me at : http://unacademy.In/user/charumodi
EXECUTIVE They are in charge of the 'execution' of the policies of the government. POLITICAL EXECUTIVE One that is elected by the people for a specific period. PERMANENT EXECUTIVE * people are appointed on a long-term basis. . people are appointed on a long-term b
PERMANANT EXECUTIVE Persons working in civil services are called civil servants. They remain in office even when the ruling party changes. These officers work under political executive. The civil servant is usually more educated and has more expert knowledge of the subject Eg--The advisors working in the Finance Ministry know more about economics than the Finance Minister.
SEPARATE POLITICAL EXECUTIVE The minister is elected by the people and thus empowered to exercise the will of the people on their behalf and therefore answerable to the people. The minister is not an expert in the matters of her ministry.
THE PRESIDENT The President is the head of the State. The President is not elected directly by the people The elected Members of Parliament (MPs) and the elected Members of the Legislative Assemblies (MLAs) elect her.
FUNCTIONS The head of the State exercises only nominal powers The head of the State exercises only nominal powers All governmental activities take place in the name of the President. All laws and major policy decisions of the government are issued in her name. . All major appointments are made in the name of the President. These include the appointment of the Chief Justice of India, the Judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts of the states, the Governors of the states, the Election Commissioners, ambassadors to other countries, etc. All international treaties and agreements are made in the name of the President. The President is t he supreme commander of the defense forces of India.
The President exercises all these powers only on the advice of the Council of Ministers. .The President can ask the Council of Ministers to reconsider its advice. But if the same advice is given again, she is bound to act according to it. Similarly, with the parliament also ding to t
Appoint the Prime Minister- When no party or coalition gets a majority in the Lok Sabha, the President exercises her discretion * The President can ask the newly appointed Prime Minister to prove majority support in the Lok Sabha within a specified time