Charu Modi is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
CLASS IX POLITY : JUDICIARY AND FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT BY CHARU MODI
ABOUT ME B.A.LL.B.(Hons.) From National Law University Lucknow Pursuing LL.M. National and International moot court competition winner Wrote mains Interest: dance, reading Rate, Review, Recommend, Share Follow me at : http://unacademy.In/user/charumodi
SUPREME COURT It can take up any dispute . Between citizens of the country; Between citizens and government; Between two or more state governments; and Between governments at the union and state level. *It is the highest court of appeal in civil and criminal cases. It is the highest court of appeal in civil a It can hear appeals against the decisions of the High Courts.
REMOVAL OF JUDGE It is as difficult as removing the President of India. A judge can be removed only by an impeachment motion passed separately by two thirds members of the two Houses of the Parliament.
MOST POWERFUL IUDICIARY IN THE WORLID the power to interpret the Constitution of the the power to interpret the Constitution of the countrv. can declare invalid any law of the legislature or the actions of the executive. judicial review. The Supreme Court of India has also ruled that the core or basic principles of the Constitution cannot be changed by the Parliament.
RIGHTS Rights are claims of a person over other fellow beings, over the society and over the government. Rights are reasonable claims of persons recognised by society and sanctioned by law. Right to Equality The Constitution says that the government shall not deny to any person in India equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws. . Right to
It means that the laws apply in the same manner to all, regardless of a person's status. The government shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. Every citizen shall have access to public places like shops, restaurants, hotels, and cinema halls All citizens have equality of opportunity in matters relating to employment or appointment to any position in the government. '
RIGHT TO FREEDOM .Indian Constitution all citizens have the right to < Freedom of speech and expression <Assembly in a peaceful manner < Form associations and unions Move freely throughout the country < Reside in any part of the country, and <practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business. Practice any profession, or to carry on any occupa trade or business
Freedom of speech and expression Citizens have the freedom to hold meetings, processions, rallies and demonstrations on any issue. freedom to travel to any part of the country .
ARTICLE 21 No person can be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law. . Even when they do, they have to follow some procedures A person who is arrested and detained in custody will have to be informed of the reasons for such arrest and detention magistrate within a period of 24 hours of arrest. within a peniod of 24 Such a person has the right to consult a lawyer or engage a lawyer for his defence.