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Administrative Reforms Commission Reports Report 3: Crisis Management Roman Saini
Course Structure 6. Risk Issues : Reduction, Assessment 1. 3rd Report- Preface and Awareness Crisis Management: From 7. Preparation and Execution of Disaster Despair to Hope Outline of Third Report Management Plans 2. 8. Construction of Disaster Resistant Recommendations of 3rd report 1. Changes in Constitutional 3. Structures Early Warning Systems 2. Analysis of the Disaster 3. Strengthening Administrative 4. Use of Science and Technology 5. Professionalization of Disaster provision and Acts Management Act, 2005 Structure and Institutions 9. 10. 11. Relief and Rehabilitation Mechanism 12. 13. Issues of Rivers 14. 15. Gender Issues and Vulnerability of Building Community Resilience Control of Epidemics Revisiting the Financial Procedures Weaker Sections -Droughts for Crisis/Disaster Management for Crisis/Disaster Management 16. Revisiting Long Term Interventions Management 4. Conclusion
4 ARCII - 3rd Report
"A technological society has two choices. First, it can wait until catastrophic failures expose systemic deficiencies, distortion and self-deceptions... Secondly,a culture can provide social checks and balances to correct for systematic distortions prior to catastrophic failures" Mahatma Gandhi
CRISIS MANAGEMENT From Despair to Hope Preface Humanity, so far, has continued to coexist with natural disasters, implicitly accepting these extreme events as 'acts of God' and suffering silently. True, we cannot prevent natural hazards, which are endemic to our geology, geography, climate, social and cultural settings, but we can certainly strive to manage crisis more efficiently so that hazards do not degenerate into disasters. With a coherent and meaningful crisis management strategy in place, it is quite possible to visualize our country despite its manifold hazards as a place that will eventually be free of all disasters. In the realm of crisis management, announcing a policy or promulgating a law or creating an institution is a relatively easy task; the challenge lies in implementing policies to achieve the desired outcomes.
Crisis management, a governance issue that is both vital and complex, is at the core of India's administrative system. The Commission's recommendations aim at not only having more efficient systems of governance but also at innovative ways of capacity building and empowerment of all stakeholders at all levels including panchayats and the community, strategic applications of science and technology, realization of a sound emergency communication network, building safe homes and infrastructure, and learning from research and development and also from the experiences of handling crisis situations in the past The recommendations aim at establishing the synergy and convergence of advances in the technological and knowledge era with our rich socio-cultural practices and indigenous coping mechanisms.
.One of the terms of reference of the Second Administrative Reforms Commission pertains to crisis management and in particular, to the following aspects of this subject: I. To suggest ways to quicken the emergency responses of administration. II. To suggest ways to increase the effectiveness of the machinery to meet the crisis situation and enhance crisis preparedness. . In this Report, the Commission has dealt primarily with natural and man-made disasters (for example earthquakes, industrial accidents, etc.) but has used the terms crisis' and 'disaster' interchangeably as relevant in the context. Crisis situations caused by hostile elements like terrorists and extremists involving taking of hostages, hijacking an aircraft or severely disrupting public order and administration are not included in this Report.
Outline of the 3rd Report This Report is divided into eleven chapters: 1. Introduction 2. Crisis Management - An Overview 3. India's Key Hazards, Vulnerabilities and the Crisis Response Mechanism 4. Legal and Institutional Framework 5. Risk Reduction 6. Emergency Response System 7. Recovery 8. Gender Issues and Vulnerability of Weaker Sections 9. Drought Management 10. Management of Specific Crisis Situations 11. Conclusion
Recommendations made in 3rd Report 1. Changes in Constitutional provision and Acts: Anew entry,"Management of Disasters and Emergencies, natural or manmade", may be included in List III (Concurrent List) of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution. Civil Defence; The Civil Defence Act should be amended as proposed so as to cover all types of disasters. Civil Defence should be constituted in all districts which are vulnerable not only to hostile attacks but also to natural calamities.
Civil Defence setups at all levels should be permitted to accept donations. The objective should be to include 1% of the population within the fold of Civil Defence within five years. Effective Implementation of Laws and Regulations; Effective enforcement of laws on encroachments, public health and safety, industrial safety, fire hazards, safety at public places should be ensured.
The law should create a uniform structure at the apex level to handle all crises. Such a structure may be headed by the Prime Minister at the national level and the Chief Minister at the state level. The law should make provisions for stringent punishment for misutilization of funds meant for crisis/disaster management. The role of the local governments should be brought to the forefront for crisis/disaster management.