Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Administrative Reforms Commission Reports Report 3: Crisis Management Roman Saini
Course Structure Risk Issues : Reduction, Assessment and Awareness 6. 3rd Report- Preface Crisis Management: From Despair to Hope Outline of Third Report Recommendations of 3rd report 1. 1. 7. Preparation and Execution of Disaster Management Plans 2. 3. 8. Construction of Disaster Resistant Changes in Constitutional provision and Acts Structures Early Warning Systems Building Community Resilience 9. 10. 12. 14. 2. Analysis of the Disaster 3. Strengthening Administrative 4. Use of Science and Technology 5. 11. Relief and Rehabilitation Mechanism 13. Issues of Rivers 15. Gender Issues and Vulnerability of Management Act, 2005 Control of Epidemics Revisiting the Financial Procedures Weaker Sections -Droughts Structure and Institutions Crisis/Disaster Management for for Crisis/Disaster Management 16. Revisiting Long Term Interventions Professionalization of Disaster Management 4. Conclusion
7. Preparation and Execution of Disaster Management Plans: e Crisis/disaster management plans as stipulated under the Disaster Management Act, 2005 should be prepared, based on hazard and vulnerability analysis. The District Disaster Management Plan needs to have two components: 1. 2. Long Term Mitigation Plan. Emergency Response Plan. The Long Term Mitigation Plan, in turn, should have the following components: Long Term Development Plan. Long Term Enforcement Plan. i. ii. The plan should be prepared in consultation with all role players. Each role player should understand and accept his/her roles.
All crisis/disaster management plans should be tested periodically through mock drills. Making Crisis/Disaster Management Plans a Part of Development Plans; The activities in the disaster management plans should be included in the development plans of the line agencies and the authorities like panchayats and municipal bodies. Research and Use of Knowledge; Disaster management plans should attempt to integrate traditional knowledge available with the communities. NIDM should coordinate with research institutions and universities on the one hand and field functionaries on the other and identify areas where research is required Emergency Plan; Since the initial response in any crisis/disaster should be timely and speedy, the Emergency Response Plans should be up-to-date and should lay down the 'trigger points' in unambiguous terms.
Disruption of Essential Services; All crisis/disaster management plans should include plans for handling possible disruptions in essential services. All agencies/organizations engaged in the supply of essential services should have their own internal crisis management plans to deal with emergencies.
8.Construction of Disaster Resistant Structures: Structural prevention measures should be a part of long term disaster management plan for an area. The existing system of enforcement of building regulations needs to be revised. It should be professionalised by licensing architects and structural engineers for assessment of structures and certification of safe buildings The standards prescribed by BIS for disaster resistant buildings should be available in the public domain, free of cost. This should be posted on websites of the concerned government agencies to promote compliance. Among the existing buildings, government buildings used by the public should be evaluated and retrofitted first, giving preference to buildings housing essential services
9. Early Warning Systems: Though it is the responsibility of the government machinery and the local bodies to disseminate the warning, people's' participation has to be enlisted For this purpose, the role of community leaders, NGOs and others should be clearly defined in the emergency response plan and they should be fully trained and prepared for their respective roles The communication channels from the point of alert generation to the point of disaster should have enough redundancies so as to maintain line of communication in the event of a disaster striking The early warning system should be evaluated after each disaster to carry out further improvements S.
10. Building Community Resilience: Location specific training programmes for the community should be executed through the panchayats. Crisis management awareness needs to be mainstreamed in education. For the purpose, an appropriate component of disaster awareness should be introduced in school, college, university, professional and vocational education Disaster awareness should be included in training programmes for elected leaders, civil servants, police personnel, and personnel in critical sectors such as revenue, agriculture, irrigation, health and public works.