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Administrative Reforms Commission Reports Report 3: Crisis Management Roman Saini
Course Structure 6. Risk Issues : Reduction, Assessment 3rd Report- Preface Crisis Management: From Despair to Hope Outline of Third Report Recommendations of 3rd report 1. Changes in Constitutional 1. and Awareness 7. Preparation and Execution of Disaster 2. 3. Management Plans 8. Construction of Disaster Resistant Structures 9. Early Warning Systems provision and Acts Management Act, 2005 Structure and Institutions 10. Building Community Resilience 2. Analysis of the Disaster 3. Strengthening Administrative 4. Use of Science and Technology 5. Professionalization of Disaster Relief and Rehabilitation Mechanism 11. 12. Control of Epidemics 13. Issues of Rivers 14. for Crisis/Disaster Management for Crisis/Disaster Management Management 15. Gender Issues and Vulnerability of 16. Revisiting Long Term Interventions 4. Conclusion Revisiting the Financial Procedures Weaker Sections -Droughts
16. Revisiting Long Term Interventions-Droughts A National Institute of Drought Management may be set up for networking on multi-disciplinary, cross-sectoral research on various aspects of drought, acting as a resource centre on droughts and carrying out impact evaluation studies of the drought management efforts. It needs to be ensured that the mandate and agenda of this proposed institute does not duplicate the efforts of the National Institute of Disaster Management. Livelihood Management in Extremely Drought Prone Areas; A strategy for making people pursue livelihoods compatible with their ecosystems needs to be evolved oA multi-disciplinary team needs to be immediately constituted by the Ministry of Environment and Forests to specifically identify villages where soil and climatic conditions make conventional agriculture, unsustainable.
Rationalization of Drought Declarations;The method and mechanism of declaration of droughts needs to be modified under the guidance of NDMA. The ultimate objective should be to use remote sensing as the primary tool of early detection of droughts with 'eye estimates' remaining only as secondary verifying methods'. Deployment of Remote Sensing for Diagnosis and Prognosis of Drought Situations should be done in proper way. o Rainfed Areas Authority; A National Rainfed Areas Authority may be constituted immediately. The Authority can deal inter alia, with all the issues of drought management.
Conclusion .The impact of natural disasters has been particularly severe on the It is an irony of nature, that over 60% of all the reported major natural population and economy of developing countries such as India. disasters have occurred in the developing countries, some of which have the least capacity to sustain heavy losses. .The above underscores the need to improve capabilities to deal with such calamities, strengthen organisational structures and empower local bodies to undertake preventive, mitigative and timely ameliorative measures.
.Today, however, scientific and technological advances have not only helped us to understand the mechanisms of many of these natural disasters but have also provided tools to predict and combat most of them. Although prevention of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, cyclones and other violent natural events is beyond our capability, there is much that can and should be done to protect life and property against them by taking appropriate timely measures. Crisis_ Management consists of an entire process that includes different phases from preparedness_ and mitigation_before a disaster strikes; to emergency response, relief, and rehabilitation in the immediate aftermath; to reconstruction in the long-term.
India is susceptible to multiple natural hazards with some regions/states being prone to more than one natural hazard. A disaster management plan in the context of India must address. these multiple hazards and diverse vulnerabilities arising on account of peculiar socio-economic factors. The urgent task before us today is to evolve a response system that is quick, comprehensive and effective. To that end, the Commission has recommended a comprehensive preparedness, early warning, quick response and recovery strategy, with two goals: to protect people and structures from disasters and to increase the effectiveness of crisis response and recovery e
While making its recommendations, the Commission has taken due note of the mechanisms that synergize pre-disaster and post-disaster activities . The Commission is of the view that crisis management is not a separate discipline but an approach to solving problems involving all the sectors in a manner to ensure collective response