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Administrative Reforms Commission Reports Report 3: Crisis Management Roman Saini
Course Structure Risk Issues : Reduction, Assessment and Awareness 6. 3rd Report- Preface Crisis Management: From Despair to Hope Outline of Third Report Recommendations of 3rd report 1. 1. 7. Preparation and Execution of Disaster Management Plans 2. 3. 8. Construction of Disaster Resistant 9. 10. 2. Analysis of the Disaster 11. Relief and Rehabilitation Mechanism 12. Changes in Constitutional provision and Acts Structures Early Warning Systems Building Community Resilience Management Act, 2005 Control of Epidemics 3. Strengthening Administrative 13. Issues of Rivers Structure and Institutions Crisis/Disaster Management Use of Science and Technology for Crisis/Disaster Management16. Professionalization of Disaster Management for 14. Revisiting the Financial Procedures 15. Gender Issues and Vulnerability of 4. Weaker Sections Revisiting -Droughts Long Term Interventions 5. 4. Conclusion
11.Relief and Rehabilitation Mechanism: Coordinating Relief; In order to avoid mismatch between demand and supply, the demand should be assessed immediately and communicated to all concerned including through the media, so that the relief provisions are provided as per requirements. All procurement and distribution of relief materials should be done in a transparent manner Trauma care and counselling should be made an integral part of the relietf operations. There is urgent need to evolve objective methods of assessing the damage so that there are no allegations of bias, distortions, exaggeration or arbitrary scaling down.
Organising Emergency Medical Relief; Access to this system should be facilitated by having an identical telephone number throughout the country e The efforts of NGOs and other groups have to be coordinated with government activities at the district and state levels. A recovery strategy should be evolved in consultation with the affected people and concerned agencies and organisations. The recovery strategy should include all aspects of rehabilitation - social, economic and psychological. Implementation of the rehabilitation efforts should be carried out by the village panchayats/local bodies. The first priority should be to get the beneficiary oriented works executed through the beneficiaries themselves
All new civil constructions should mandatorily be made disaster resistant a:s While dealing with disasters, we need to be particularly responsive to the emotional and social problems that people experience due to a disaster. Normalisation of emotional reaction is an important task in psychosocial care for the survivors of the disaster. Emotional reactions such as guilt, fear, shock, grief, vigilance, numbness, intrusive memories, and despair are responses of people experiencing unforeseen disasters beyond their coping capacity
12.Control of Epidemics: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has to ensure that requisite plans envisaged under the Disaster Management Act, 2005, are drawn up in respect of epidemics also and that the role of the district administration finds explicit mention in the Public Health Emergency Bill. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the State Governments must ensure that 'standard operating procedures' are devised to assign roles and responsibilities of agencies and personnel outside the line organizations wherever a situation so warrants. The structure created by the Disaster Management Act, 2005, should be utilized for managing epidemics also. State level handbooks and manuals concerning disaster management should have a chapter on "epidemics-related emergencies"
13. Issues of Rivers: Creation of Legal and Institutional Framework for Managing Floods in Inter-State Rivers; Using powers under Entry 56 in the Union List, a Law may be enacted to set up mechanisms for collection of data, managing flow in rivers(-Called river regime) and release of water from reservoirs, so as to prevent disasters, with inter-state ramifications. Making Rivers Perennial; Technical agencies under the Ministries of Water Resources, Environment and Forests and Science and Technology must immediately carry out river specific feasibility studies to determine the ecological and hydrological implications of making seasonal rivers perennial.
14. Revisiting the Financial Procedures: .A system of compiling accounts for each calamity separately with reference to each head of relief expenditure should be initiated. The Comptroller and Auditor General of India may consider laying down a standardized format in this regard 15. Gender Issues and Vulnerability of Weaker Sections: Rescue and relief operations should focus on the most vulnerable groups women, children, the elderly and the physically challenged
Relief measures should take into account the special requirements of women and other vulnerable groups. Particular attention needs to be given to their physical and mental well being through health care andc In the recovery phase, efforts should focus on making women economically independent by offering them opportunities of earning incomes; providing training in new skills, forming self-help groups and providing microfinance, marketing facilities etc. o Trauma counselling and psychological care should be provided to widows and women and other persons in distress. These activities should form part of the disaster management plan. Arrangements have to be made for orphaned children on a long term basis. NGOs should be encouraged to play a major role in their rehabilitation.