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Administrative Reforms Commission Reports Report 3: Crisis Management Roman Saini
Course Structure 1. 3rd Report- Preface 6. Risk Issues: Reduction, Assessment and Awareness 7. Preparation and Execution of Disaster Crisis Management: From Despair to Hope Outline of Third Report Recommendations of 3rd report 1. Changes in Constitutional provision 2. 3. Management Plans 8. Construction of Disaster Resistant Structures 9. Early Warning Systems 10. Building Community Resilience 11. Relief and Rehabilitation Mechanism 12. Control of Epidemics 13. Issues of Rivers 14. Revisiting the Financial Procedures 15. Gender Issues and Vulnerability and Acts 2. Analysis of thDisaster Management Act, 2005 3. Strengthening Administrative Structure and Institutions for Crisis/Disaster Management Use of Science and Technology for Crisis/Disaster Management Professionalization of Disaster Management of 4. Weaker Sections 16. Revisiting Long Term Interventions 5. -Droughts 4. Conclusion
3. Strengthening Administrative Structure and Institutions for Crisis/Disaster Management: Coordination at the Apex Operational Level; There is no need for a separate ministry/department of disaster management at the national or the state level. Notwithstanding the establishment of NDRF, the role of the Armed Forces, particularly the Army, in coming to the aid of victims of disasters should be retained. Role of Local Self-Governments; State Governments may examine the need to incorporate provisions in the state disaster management law and also the state laws governing local bodies to provide for a well defined role to the municipal bodies and Panchayat raj institutions.
Crisis Management Set Up for Metropolitan Cities; In larger cities (say, with population exceeding 2.5 million), the Mayor, assisted by the Commissioner of the Municipal Corporation and the Police Commissioner should be directly responsible for Crisis Management Empowering the Relief Commissioners/Disaster Management Departments to Effectively Discharge Disaster Related Responsibilities; The State Disaster Management organisations need to be strengthened for dealing with crises. ing of National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM); NIDM inat tution in disaste rmanagemenb and function as an apex professional institution in disaster management. In addition to research and studies, the institution needs to engage itself in documenting and disseminating global and national best practices and in developing planning, training and evaluation methodologies
Police, Home Guards and Fire Services; The minimum qualification for entry to Home Guards may be revised to at least a pass in the 10th class, given the increased responsibility and complexity of tasks to be entrusted to them. . Fire Services should more appropriately be renamed as Fire and Rescue Services with an enhanced role to respond to various types of crises. It should be brought under the control of the State Crisis/Disaster Management set up under the Disaster Management Law Setting-up Integrated Emergency Operations Centre (EOC); o it is clearly desirable to have an integrated National Emergency Operation Centre for all types of crises. Subject-matter specific' Ministries/ Departments should deploy representatives in this Centre which must be networked with all other EOCs and control rooms.
4.Use of Science and Technology for Crisis/Disaster Management: Institutional Support from Science and Technology Institutions to Disaster Management; The National Disaster Management Authority, assisted by NIDM, may facilitate a common platform between the Science and Technology organizations and the users of the technologies. Such a mechanism may be operationalised both at the Union and State levels . Scientific, technological and research organizations such as NRSA, ISRO, NIC, GSI and NIDM should be brought on a common platform by NDMA for developing a sound information base for crisis management. Geographical Information System tools should be used to integrate spatial data such as topography, hydrology, land use, land cover, settlement pattern and built structure as well as non-spatial data such as demography, socio-economic conditions and infrastructure in a common platform
-this should be integrated with satellite and aerospace data as well as data from Geographical Positioning Systems for real time monitoring of crisis situations and for scientific assessment of damages. 5. Professionalization of Disaster Management: Disaster Management' as a body of knowledge should be introduced as a subject in Management and Public Administration. The University Grants Commission may initiate the process to see how best this can be implemented in selected Universities. 1 agreements with foreign governments and international institutions dealing with different aspects of disaster management, for exchange of experiences and learning from their documentation and research efforts may be explored.
6.Risk Issues: Reduction, Assessment and Awareness Enunciating a Policy Towards Crisis Management Which Emphasizes Rislk Reduction: There is need to have a NationalPolicy on Disaster Management. The policy must address all issues not included in legislations and may, in particular include the following: Disaster Management to be professionalized. Risk management to be brought to the centre stage in all disaster mitigation plans. All efforts for disaster management to be based on hazard and vulnerability analysis. Communities and local governments to be made aware of the hazards and the vulnerabilities. Communities and local governments to be involved in formulating disaster management plans a) b) c) d) e)
f) The primary responsibility for disaster management to be that of the State g) Effective implementation of land use laws, building bye laws, safety laws and h) Setting up a framework to coordinate the responses from different sections like ) Special needs of women, children, elderly and physically challenged persons to Government, with the Union Government playing a supportive role. environmental laws donors, voluntary organisations, corporate bodies etc. be addressed Assessment of Risk - Hazard and Vulnerability Analysis; Priority should be n to seismic micro-zonation of vulnerable major cities, hazard prone areas, and urban agglomerations in a scale of 1:1000 in Zones V and IV, with topmost priority being given to cities with population of more than one million.
Instruments for Mitigation of Hazards; Environment management should be made an integral part of all development and disaster management plans. Generating Awareness about Risk; A responsible media, which is also well informed about all aspects of disaster, is a very powerful tool for sensitizing people. Details of past accidents and disasters and the lessons learnt, should be d and kept in the public domain. .Financial Tools for Risk-Reduction;This could be done through suitably designed insurance policies, if required, with part funding from government. NDMA could play a major facilitating role in this area.