Natural Vegetation8 By Manish Kumar
Montane Wet lemperate Forests Climatic Conditions Grows at a height of 1800 to 3000 m above sea level Mean annual rainfall is 150 cm to 300 cm 14 C and the Average relative humidity is over 80 per cent. . Mean annual temperature is about 11 C to
Distribution .Hills of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. . In the Eastern Himalayan region to the east of 88 E longitude. It also includes the hills of West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Nagaland.
Characteristics These are closed evergreen forests. Large trunk. ' Branches are surrounded by mosses, ferns and other epiphytes. The trees are low height, not more than 6m Important species- Deodar, Chilauni, Indian chestnut, birch, plum, machilus, cinnamomum litsea, magnolia, blue pine, oak, hemlock, etc.
Himalayan Moist Temperate Forests Climatic Conditions .Annual rainfall varies from 150 cm to 250 cm Distribution Occurs in the temperate zone of the Himalayas between 1500 and 3300 m Found in all parts of this mountain range in Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Darjeeling and Sikkim.
Characteristics Mainly composed of coniferous species. . Trees are 30 to 50 m high . most important trees- Pines, cedars, silver firs, spruce, etc. They form high but fairly open forest with shrubby undergrowth including oaks, rhododendrons and some bamboos. It provides fine wood which is of much use for construction, timber and railway sleepers.
Himalayan Dry Temperate Forests Climatic Conditions Rainfall below 100 cm and is mostly in the form of snow. Characteristics These are Coniferous forests with xerophytes shrubs in which deodar, oak, ash, olive, etc are the main trees. Distribution These forests are found in the inner dry ranges of the Himalayas. Found in Ladakh, Lahul, Chamba, Kinnaur, Garhwal and Sikkim
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