Sakshi Mittal is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Chapter 6:Democratic Rights
Three cases of denial of rights highlight the importance of rights. The Human Rights were violated
Violation of Citizens' rights by the USA About 600 people were secretly picked up by the US forces from all over the world and put in a prison in Guantanamo Bay, an area near Cuba controlled by America's Navy. The American government said that they were enemies of the US and linked to the attack on New York on 11 September 2001. Families of prisoners, media or even UN representatives were not allowed to meet them. The US army arrested them, interrogated them and decided to keep them there. There was no trial before any magistrate in the US Amnesty International, an international human rights organization, collected information on the condition of the prisoners in Guantanamo Bay and reported that the prisoners were being tortured in ways that violated the US laws Prisoners were not released even after they were officially declared not guilty. An independent inquiry by the UN-supported these findings. The UN Secretary-General said the prison in Guantanamo Bay should be closed down. The US government refused to accept these pleas.
Violation of Citizens' Rights in Saudi Arabia The country is ruled by a hereditary king and the people have no role in electing or changing their rulers. The king selects the legislature as well as the executive. He appoints the judges and can change any of their decisions. Citizens cannot form political parties or any political organizations Media cannot report anything that the monarch does not like. There is no freedom of religion. Every citizen is required to be Muslim. Non-Muslim residents can follow their religion in private, but not in public Women are subjected to many public restrictions. The testimony of one man isseed equal to that of two one n is considered equal to that of two women
Violation of Citizens' Rights in Yugoslavia (Kosovo) Kosovo was a province of Yugoslavia before its split. In this province, the population was overwhelmingly ethnic Albanian Muslims. But in the entire country, Serbs(Christians) were in majority. A narrow-minded Serb nationalist Milosevic had won the election. His government was very hostile to the Kosovo Albanians. He wanted the Serbs to dominate the country. Many Serb leaders thought that Ethnic minorities like Albanians should either leave the country or accept the dominance of the Serbs. It was one of the worst instances of killings based on ethnic prejudices in recent times. Finally, Milosevic lost power and was tried by an International Court of Justice for crimes against humanity
Rights in a Democracy
Rights are claims of a person over other fellow beings, over the society and over the government . But every claim is not a right.
Rights are a must to ensure the dignity, security and fair play to all the citizens. Democracy is a system in which maximum rights are guaranteed to its citizens.
Need Of Rights .Rights sustain a democracy. They give to every citizen a right to vote and the right to be elected to government They allow citizens to express their views freely, form parties and take part in political activities. .Rights are guarantees when things go wrong. They do not allow the majority to dominate the minority. .Some rights are placed higher than the government, so that the government does not violate them.
Rights in the Indian Constitution
The Indian Constitution has given us six Fundamental Rights. They are the basic features of India's Constitution. Fundamental Rights are: Right to Equality - Rightto Freedom Right against Exploitation Right to Freedom of Religion Cultural and Educational Rights -Rightto Constitutional Remedies
Indian Constitution gives the right to Freedom of speech and expression - Right to Freedom to assemble in a peaceful manner Right to Freedom to form associations and unions Right to Freedom to move freely throughout the country Right to Freedom to reside in any part of the country Right to Freedom to practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business Citizens have the freedom to hold meetings, processions, rallies and demonstrations on any issue.
Right to Freedom of Religion: There is no state religion in India. All religions are given equal respect. Every person has a right to profess, practice and propagate his own religion. Freedom to practice religion does not mean doing anything in the name of religion.
Right to Constitutional Remedies: This is the right that makes all rights effective. away, he/she can seek remedy through courts. Dr. Ambedkar called this right as the 'heart and soul If a citizen's fundamental rights are violated or taken of our constitution
National Humarn Rights Commission
This international covenant recognizes many rights. Examples Right to work - Right to safe and healthy environment Right to adequate standard of living Right to social security and insurance Right to health and medical care, etc