Sakshi Mittal is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
The President is the nominal head in India. He is not directly elected by the people as in USA. The elected members of parliament (MP) and MLA s elect the President.
All the Members of Parliament and Members of the State Legislatures elect him. Since he is elected indirectly, he does not have the same powers as the Prime Minister. The President exercises all his legislative, executive, financial, judicial, military powers only on the advice of the Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers
The President can only delay a bill. If the Parliament passes it again, he has to sign it. President has the power to appoint the leaders when there isa coalition on his own discretion. In countries like USA, France have powerful President ship.
of the most powerful judiciaries. India has one The Judiciary is independent of both the Executive and the Legislature. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers. The other judges of the Supreme Court and the State High Courts are pointed in the same way but on the advice of the Chief Justice. Once appointed, the Judges can be removed only by impeachment.
The Judiciary is the custodian of the Constitution, and the Supreme Court and the High Courts have the power to interpret the Constitution. It an declare any law passed by the Legislature as invalid, if it vj lates the Constitution At safeguards the Fundamental Rights of the people of India, and checks malpractice and misuse of power by the Executive or the Legislature